The indian union government op edit

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The indian union government op edit

  1. 1. Indian union govt By Anand s History Teacher Zion matriculation hr sec school Tambaram, Chennai, India mccanand@hotmail.com
  2. 2. CIVICS HOW ARE WE GOVERNED 2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION 3
  4. 4. FEDERAL NATURE Vastness – plural character FEDRAL x The term "federalism" is also used to describe a system of the government in which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central governing authority and constituent political units (such as states or provinces). Union of states 4
  5. 5. Two sets of government Union State 5
  6. 6. Two legislature- union parliament state legislature 6
  7. 7. One set of Judicial Court 7
  8. 8. Conflict of powers so Powers of these defined in the 8
  9. 9. Constitution of INDIA 9
  10. 10. Powers defined in Constitution  Union list  State list  Concurrent list 10
  11. 11. Introduction - conclusion To understand the system of governance in india we should know the systems of governance in both levels The Union The State 11
  12. 12. THE UNION GOVERNMENT 12
  13. 13. The Union Govt Constitution provides a parliamentary form of government Legislature Executive Judiciary 13
  14. 14. Legislature 14
  15. 15. Legislature – raj– lok – chairman- speaker 15
  16. 16. Two houses Upper house/ Rajya Sabha House of lords Intelectuals Lower house/ Lok Sabha House of commons Popular / Illitrates/ 16
  17. 17. EXECUTIVE Four levels 17
  18. 18. President – Rashtrapathi Bhavan 18
  19. 19. Vice president 19
  20. 20. Executive – PMO south block 20 Priminister
  21. 21. Cabinet 21
  22. 22. JUDICIARY 22
  23. 23. JUDICIARY- Supreme Court 23
  24. 24. Chief justice of India – SH KAPADIA 24
  25. 25. High court 25
  26. 26. District court 26
  27. 27. Legislature - Parliament Upper house – counsil of states – Rajya Sabha Lower house – house of people – Lok Sabha Lower house popular / powerful– so we learn it first 27
  28. 28. Lok sabha Popular house 545 total members 530 elected 13 UT 2 Anglo Indians nominated by president 545 - total 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. Qualification Citizen of india Must not be less than 25 years of age No – office of profit under union or state govt Mentally sound Financially solvent 30
  31. 31. Term of the House Five year term However president – dissolve – Recommentdation – primeminister- no majority – President can dissolve – when there is no party enjoys necessary majority (eg – after election or alliance trouble) 31
  32. 32. Election Directly elected by the people Election commision arranges supervises and conducts Entire nation – divided – constituencies – more or less based on population 32
  33. 33. Constituen ty map 33
  34. 34. Universal Adult Franchise/ 18 34
  35. 35. Lok sabha Speaker elected by members Deputy speaker in absence 35
  36. 36. RAJYA SABHA (council of states) 250 members 238 states + UTs Indirect election 12 members – nominated by the president – special knowledge or practical field experience – literature – science – art or social service 36
  37. 37. Qualifications Citizen Must not be less than 30 years of age Other qualification – prescribed – parliament Must not be a member of lok sabha Sound mind – financially solvent Must note hold any office of profit under govt of India 37
  38. 38. Term of office Permanent house – no dissolution Six years One third – retire – every two years Vice president – ex officio chairperson of Rajya sabha Deputy chairperson elected 38
  39. 39. Election Elected by state legislative assemblies Proportional representation – single transferable vote Indirect election – not elected by the people directly 39
  40. 40. Powers and functions of Parliament Two houses – bicameral legislature Main function – laws 4 good governance Peace, security(NIA) and progress(NREGA)  absolute control – finances of the nation Union budget Passes taxes for people Amend provision of Indian constitution 40
  41. 41. Laws for Good governance 41
  42. 42. Peace – India 142 rank 42
  43. 43. Security – POTA- NIA - 43
  44. 44. Progress 44
  45. 45. absolute control – finances of the nation – consolidated fund of India 45
  46. 46. Union budget 46
  47. 47. Taxes 47
  48. 48. Amending the constitution 48
  49. 49. Powers and functions of Parliament Impeachment powers President of India Judges of court Highest constitutional authorities (CAG, ATTORNEY GEN) Approval of parliament – required – continue an emergency promulgated by the president. 49
  50. 50. 50 "c'est la fin" By : Anand S TGT History

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