Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Reality TV
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Reality TV

1,131

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,131
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
46
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. By K.McCabe 2012
  • 2. Reality TV plays a complex game.... ....it keeps reality at bay Nichols
  • 3. Reality TV has its roots in documentary and tabloid journalism Annette Hill says the ‘rise of reality TV came at a time when Networks were looking for a quickfix solution to economic problems within cultural industries’
  • 4. Bill Nichols states that the viewer is so used to ‘tele-visual stimulation’ that they demand and require spectacle. ‘News has become a dramatic spectacle, a simulcrum of eventfulness.. this is the moment of discovery, of danger’ ‘ The conviction of the two officers for the beating of Rodney King ‘ends’ the episode but does nothing to address the social conditions’.
  • 5. The Reality Times The DEBATE: Is it democratic? FREE for EVERY Viewer: Mobility & Success It can be achieved through Reality TV * *Myth perpetuated that it is Mass Media that has power over individual success and failure Reality Wrecks Reithian Values Traditional values of TV’s role to ‘inform & educate’ are lost in the face of Reality TV, so says Biressi and Nunn. ‘Reality Tv does not aim to take the viewer out of their own experience but present them with the recognisable & familiar’ – real people in extraordinary situations or extraordinary people becoming real. Rituals are often repeated without question. Media rituals ‘reproduce the myth that the media are our privileged access point to social reality’. Couldrey
  • 6. Nichols states that Reality TV feeds our desire for this ever-present sense of anticipation, that you never know what is going to happen next. ‘Ad breaks and transitions threaten this but the programme is constructed to maintain the sense of anticipation ‘coming up.....’ ‘Still to come...’ There also exists the endless possibility that ‘ you may have something to contribute at any moment’.
  • 7. The ‘Reality Cycle’ is endless. There is no resolution ‘There is no ‘A-ha!’ moment in Reality TV’ where logic prevails’ Nichols
  • 8. Biressi and Nunn claim that there is an uncomfortable move towards ‘televisual intimacy’ which Reality TV delights in. Reality TV depends on Spectacle and a ‘manipulative misuse of the camera’ favouring the Close-Up, shaky handheld moves, zooming in to capture the emotional moment. Confessional, ‘private’ & ‘personal’ are all elements of Reality TV, observed by millions.
  • 9. Humilitainment - finding entertainment in others suffering is not a new phenomenon. The German word Schadenfreude translates to the pleasure one receives at the suffering of others. Schadenfreude was believed to be the result of threatened inferiority. In the wake of losing a competition Schadenfreude is a form of prejudice ‘used in the maintenance of self-worth’
  • 10. The ‘Stars’ share our qualities, they are ‘like us’ Audiences have their voices heard – media is no longer just about the elite Germaine Greer said Reality TV is ‘popular culture at its most popular’
  • 11. In the absence of metanarratives , is Reality truly Postmodern, giving us multiple personal narratives representing diversity like never before ? • Picture source: Village 999
  • 12. Nichols states that Reality TV offers a higher gratification for viewers... ‘We can obtain forgiveness for ourselves’ through participation with reality TV. Our judgements absolve our own shortcomings. It is ultimate ‘gratification’. ‘reality TV offers communion... At a time when ideas and values feel worn, ineffective, abused and bandied about’
  • 13. • The theory Paul sets into action is not a new one. • TheThetheory Paularound since thenot a 1960s, when • • TheIttheory Paulsets intoaction is not anew one.one. theory Paul sets into action is is notnew one. has sets into action late a new It been beenhas around sincelatethe late 1960s, when around since the the1960s, when media It has been around since late Gerbner stated been psychologist George a The It has media setssets into action is1960s, new one.to theory PaulPaul into action is stated new exposure that not not a when psychologist George Gerbner actionnotstated a new one. thatisone. that one. The mediaThepsychologist sets imagery cannot that mediatheorysince sets lateinto is is not new Georgeaction • •theory theorycultural into action is a new one. The into Gerbner t • •Theculturaltheory Paul George1960s, stateda aof viewer's hasThe•theory Paul sets shapeGerbner whennot a one. beenpsychologistPaul sets alate action shape new around Paul the the viewer's concept exposure to can into since the late when when ItItexposurearound around thethestated 1960s, when has ItIt to been around sincelate 1960s, viewer's beenimagery since been exposure hascultural imagery can 1960s,a1960s, a Itconcept of reality.Gerbnerput,shape when has around since been when hashas SimplyGeorgeimagerythetheory" statesathat one beento around since into late 1960s,viewer's media psychologistculturalinto action shapethatthat new Simply canlate ais a stated that the more TV reality. put, the •psychologist PaulGeorge GerbnerTVstated that The Paul sets cultivationisGerbnera one. action not •mediatheory theory GeorgeintotheGerbnernewa that The theory psychologistsets Gerbner stateda new one. Gerbnernot not that mediawatches,sets more thatstatedTVbelievesone psychologist actionthenot astated one. in Georgemore isanot a new concepttheory Paul imageryinto is not new of of cultural into media Paul Paul into can psychologist George •concept•psychologist Simply put, shape new one. The toThereality.setsPaulcanaction ismore1960s, new •mediahas beensetstheput,shape personnot The The Paul George into late is action is exposure • theoryreality.around since actiona viewer'sawhen on cultural •mediaexposureimagerysetsimageryacanashape a one. The beentheorySimplyinto can shape viewer's personculturalcultural late 1960s, a new exposure to theoryimagery actionaction when viewer's Itto aroundsets imagery the viewer'sa viewer's sets canperson ais notin new on Itperson The culturalsetssinceactionis shape a viewer's • has watches, cultural sets late 1960s, when The•theorySimplysince the the shape a new exposuretheoryPaulthe more that canisnotbelieves one. toTV. imagery person reality.reality.aroundimagerymorebelieves a in watches,cultural into lateaction1960s, when exposure toPaulPaul that person shape when exposuretheoryPaulmoreinto morecan lateaviewer's that to psychologistsince theGerbner stated It•concepttheorysetssinceaction"cultivation1960s, when has been aroundSimply the intonotis1960s, new one. It hasof aroundaroundhisaction isanot person beenthe put, into is the not a new Themediatobeen into put, the late aTV theory," oncept•exposure beenSimply put, the morenot aaone. one. of Itbeen theory Georgetheaction1960s,when ItIthaspsychologist setsSimply lateTV TV when a the Itreality.around of The worldaroundsince George 1960s, that since the late 1960s, •conceptPaulbeen around"cultivation moreaTVto when The hasof of reality. put, put, the exposurea • concept psychologist setstheory" statesmore notnew that Theworld IttheoryPaul sets"cultivation the TV TVnew one. theory has reality. hishis theaction more that a mediaconceptTV. PaulUsingintobelievesnotmore TV of has been moreSimply personlate stated a one. since Gerbner theory," ofofhas Paul thatsinceGerbner stated world put,lateviewers a new on themediatheory sets PaulSimplythenot aisnewstated that world reality. into sets action not a stated Using George • mediabeenmore thatsets intolate 1960s, when sets concept psychologist GeorgeGeorgethatstated that one psychologist action the Gerbner • watches,theofaroundinto Georgeisactionshapeone. Themedia theorycultural sinceactiontheory," ItItTheThe psychologist action news1960s, when hasmedia around into the believesain persontheGerbner’s culturalGeorge imageryis 1960s,not a viewer Gerbner showed sets into person believes a • Thewatches,been UsingPaul thatGerbnerisnew awhen one. • mediapersonPaulPaulimageryintoGerbnerthe one.newthat Theconcept “CultivationGeorgecan1960s,statedbelieves in theorytheorythesincepersonthethat person stated •watches, psychologist late shapenot new theorythe reality. the heavy late inwhen that •Theof watches, since Gerbner isnew in Paul to more more theory Simply actioncan ais sets that hastoTV. around sinceput, Gerbner exposurethat the since the late not when ItIthasshowed canheavy asets person 1960s,stated one beentheory Paulthatis actionbelieves in Itexposurebeentheorytheheavy canviewers is believes that hasculturalwatches,Paul sets thethatconceptviewer'snew beentobeen the imageryintolate personofnot new media•psychologistshapesetsnewsperson viewer's new personThemediato culturalthenewsintoviewers isanot a inin o •mediaThe beenthatimagerythatcan shapewhen when GerbnerexposurepsychologistlateGerbnerwhenreality the Gerbner hascultural sinceimagery the latea1960s, person psychologist theinviewer'sshape when that has watches, personconceptaround sinceimageryactionstatedthat • beentheory residedSimplyGerbner morea when • around culturaltheimagery the not to The psychologist watches, around TV.personUsingtosince Georgeinto1960s, world, a a exposureItaroundaroundmorealateshape is1960s,TV viewe Itexposurethey reality. more"meaner"statedviewer's hasexposure to "cultivation1960s, shapea that he world media The cultural imagerycanmore astated viewer' of showedbeen cultural the 1960s, TV. to Using Paul theory," exposure hasculturalhis George can shape that Itconcept of imageryhis around Georgestatedshape a has believedaround moreput, the latecan believes Itworld worldof Simply Gerbner can TVaviewer's hasthe been of George since"cultivationaviewer's been reality. TV. Using since Gerbnertheory," It psychologist George Gerbner the action when mediaofpsychologistsinceimageryaction1960s, a new mediaIt worldto ofUsing imperceptibly overworld,isTVthe whe psychologistto in around put,morestatednotthat exposurereality. Simply"meaner"thecan1960s, a when the ethe aItexposureTV. culturalhis that the latea1960s, TV. watches,hisGeorgeintopersonto tothatviewe "cultivation lateTVtheory," Thechanges Paulsince put,Gerbnerthe believedhastheytoTV. aroundput, sincestatedtheory," athat believed•psychologist mightsets thetheshape stated tha theythispsychologist more the late TVthatwhen themediaofofculturalimageryput,moremoreviewer's world resided George thecanthe shape a Using George Gerbner "cultivation media and psychologist George GerbnershapeSimply themediamedia beenSimply his "cultivationthatbelieves worldhas to psychologistmore approve stricter around even world, since conceptthatIt residedimagery"meaner"theory,"astated a of cultural reality.Gerbnerput, person exposure hasculturalinSimply Gerbner more TV • mediapersonbeenGeorgea Simplythatstated aviewer's in TV conceptto heavy the"cultivation shape person been Gerbnerconceptofthatreality. athethatGerbnermore aaTV showed haswatches,newsput, can more TV in viewers a conceptIt ofTV.theory Simply persontime.statedthat point wherearound imagerythe 1960s, reality. hisheavycan late believes put, news stated mediaconcept reality.UsingGeorge shapetheory,"viewer's psychologistthey thatnews Gerbnerviewer's George the exposurehascultural imageryviewersviewers conceptmightthat heavy news Gerbner exposurereality.thatPaulcannews Gerbneris not exposurethe•theyculturaleven approvepersonastated awhe to psychologist his George viewers person showedshowed around approveaction 1960s, ane watches,TVpsychologist George theory," stated Gerbnerwheretoreality.Simply"cultivationmoremorein that media It interventions.Simplythatmore shape in been theory pointconceptmoretotheculturalGeorgeput,personviewer'stha pointGerbnerwatches, Simplysetspersonstricter aaTV in th where culturaltheculturalnews thestricterTVstated Gerbnermediathepersonmoreput,thethe viewer's a view Gerbner of reality.heavycansince can believes viewer exposurepsychologistwatches,"cultivation a a put,mediashowedmoreimageryinto to late TVviewer's concept in aimagerythat world,viewers believes Gerbnerto toThepsychologistthatcan shapethattheory," in showed oftoheavy more viewers viewer's media thatTV. the imagery shape thatthe the can the believes intheyworld of TV. might heavy thatGerbnerbelieves thethe world ofUsingimagerypersona the personpersonof reality.Simply moreshapeperson believes person watches,"meaner"put, can more watches,watches,put, put,more more exposureshowedreality. imagery can a TV a oftheyculturalevenhis the the believed world watches, a inmore that personshape in resided to a "meaner" thatTV to personpersonthey resided in a shape shape the violenceresided more"cultivation believes watches,cultural exposureexposureUsingimagerythe can theory," viewer's exposurereality. of thehis imagery world,believesto the exposure cultural Simply "meaner" world, concept TV. Simply conceptthey reality.more aimagerythea shape viewer concept interventions.Using"meaner"theGerbnera a the of interventions. aroundimagery person thebelievedoftheyin to Simplyof"meaner"can believes a vie personthey ofwatches,moremore that world, 1960s, wh believed theymediatobeenSimplythat personlateTVstated t they might even athe put, canmorea exposurereality.tohisinput, Georgetheory," to the believed of Simply put, the strictertheory," a It to reality. Simply violencetheexposurepsychologist"cultivationmore believes violenceconceptofresided"cultivationmore TV theTV a believedTV. ofUsingUsingput,"cultivationto a to concept TV.residedapprove more TVTV shape Gerbnerof watches,thecultural"meaner"canbelievesin personreality.Usingcultural TV.since theworld, TV view believes ofthe world"cultivation a a believedworldresidedTV.hisinimagerypersontheory," a in exposure TV.culturalhis histheworld, more theconceptexposuremoreUsingperson believes theory," world ofworld TV.in more that news viewers theconcept showed that theput, the believes personofwatches, thethat heavy"cultivation in in watches,SimplySimply put, point Gerbnerpersonhas reality.hisa"cultivation theory," whereworldreality.of the more thatmore shape thepersonthey theUsing conceptwatches,TV. theyUsingapproveperson stricter conceptshowedmightheavy news the moretheory," of worldreality.even even approve TV Gerbner theypsychologist approve stricter a the they of mightmore put,person shape personexposurereality.evenimagerythestricter TV personpersonworldmightSimplythat viewersmore TV in vie theworldconceptreality. Simplythat put,Gerbnerastated pointinterventions.theyTV.culturalhis approvebelievesTV a a wherewhereTV. ofto mightSimply strictermore a in conceptof watches,heavyhis personperson inbelieves point wherethe thatthe "cultivationcan believes i put, that point worldofshowed thatthat Georgebelieves in pointconceptthat morehisapprovebelievesmore where of Using might "cultivation the the of they heavy news "cultivation point where mediathat moreinheavy news theory," conceptthe the that more put, viewers reality. person viewers Gerbnerworld ofwatches,Usingnewsnews person Gerbner watches,hiseveneven personthe believes showed showed"cultivation theory," person watches,morethe Simplyviewerstheory," theGerbnerof thatresidedmore"meaner"theory," world showedUsingheavy news stricter theory," iolenceGerbnershowed of Usinghisheavythattheviewers to th Gerbner showed in heavy that person believes personpersonTV.interventions. "cultivation world, in personinterventions. the that a watches, Using watches, person thepersonresided reality. Simplyworld, believed ofTV. Usinghis "cultivation theory," theperson watches, athat more that can shape a i the worldGerbner watches,cultural imagery the morethe v of concept in "meaner" that to believedGerbner showed heavynewsviewers to the TV a theyof TV.watches, more put,world, believe violenceworldshowedthat the the"meaner" person tobeliev violenceTV. TV.ofTV.aUsingamoretheory," totheory," exposure violencepersonofUsing more histhatworld, theory," violencewatches,hishisa"cultivation viewersthe interventions. a "cultivation the interventions. "meaner" news world, world violence oftheyUsingTV. in hishisheavy world,viewersto the person believedbelieved Usingto"cultivation approve world, to t believedwhereofthatmightinnewsviewers stricter theyshowedheavyheavy a "meaner" believes they the believed theytheyUsing his"meaner"person "cultivation Gerbnerworld resided heavy news viewers thebelieved ofworldTV.Usingin in "cultivation theory," the Gerbnerthey theythat theapproveviewers tothe worldshowedresidedresided even stricter the world TV.resided that a"meaner" person the they thatresidednews news world, theinterventions. his viewers theory," "cultivation point concept of reality. Simplythat person belie Gerbner worldwatches,heavy"cultivation theory," showedofthat "meaner" theory,"more Gerbnerthe the showedmight thenews "cultivation theory pointthe believedresidedTV. Usinganewsput, strictertheTV whereshowedof residedapprove stricter to might Using "meaner" viewers theory," evenevenhis viewers believed world they TV.heavyinhis"meaner" world, to t in a his approve the point Gerbnertheyresidedthata evenviewersto stricter pointthe residedthateven heavy world,viewers where whereTV. even approve world, whereshowed Gerbner whereresidedinnewsmorenews viewers believed they ofmight "meaner" "cultivation point violenceof they heavya "meaner" stricterto the where showed GerbnerpointpersonTV.heavymightapprovestricterstricter Gerbnerworldtheythatthatthat "meaner"world, to the showedworldmightUsing even approve Gerbner showed in news approve the showed resided even news believed theymightamight heavy "cultivation theory interventions. point wherewatches, heavy news viewers believedpersonresidedinthat viewers world, to beli believedGerbnerworldin TV.heavyeven news viewers the they interventions. a "meaner" viewersto the violencewherethey they that theheavy newsperson interventions. inthat "meaner" world, pointGerbnerthatshowedin a heavy approve stricter Gerbner resided resided in approve stricter to th the they inmighteven a world, toworld, to t believed interventions. in a "meaner" to the point they theyamight more world,world, Gerbner of news violenceviolencemightmightUsing his stricter viewers violenceresided might even approve stricter believed they theythey "meaner" that point interventions. a violenceGerbnerinterventions."meaner" world, violence theyresidedeven approve stricter interventions. believed believed showed "meaner" "meaner"the to the believedwhere resided inapprove world, theythey they in believed showed a they point where resided that heavy news viewers where showed point pointbelieved they ofresidedain approve strictertheo where whereinterventions. in "meaner" world, toto violencebelieved they TV. Using a "meaner" world,th interventions. believedwhere they eveneven his approve strictert theythey might Gerbner even approve approve world, the world even approve stricter point theythey might mightapprove stricter violencethey resided in even "cultivation believed mightthey eveneven stricter stricter pointinterventions. might wherewhere resided a "meaner" violence interventions. point where where they might even approve stricter point where interventions. pointthey might violence interventions. violence where they might even approve stricter t violencepoint Gerbner showed that heavyapprove stricte pointinterventions.they might even news viewers believed they violence interventions. point where they might even approve world, point where resided violencepoint interventions. in a "meaner" stricter interventions. violence interventions. violenceviolence interventions. violence violencebelieved they resided in a "meaner" world interventions. point where they might violence interventions. violence interventions. even approve stricte violence interventions.
  • 14. That every opinion is valid regardless of offence in the name of democratisation and multiple narrative Everyone can attain beauty and wealth All events should be filmed for public audiences Everyone deserves to be a ‘star’ That immediacy and ‘now’ness’ are more important than considered debate and comment. All private matters should be made public
  • 15. Surveillance-entertainment increasing...? Phoenix-style rise of the real ‘Star’ over time and death of the ‘public celebrity’...? Increase in Structured Reality shows...? Greater sponsorship of Reality TV with higher levels of product placement...? Boundaries pushed for levels of discomfort, pain, humiliation for participants...?
  • 16. • ‘Celebrity, Social Mobility and the Future of Reality TV’ Anita Biressi & Heather Nunn • ‘Teaching us to Fake it’ Nick Couldrey • ‘Reality TV and Social Perversion’ Bill Nichols • BFI Reality TV conference resources http://www.bfi.org.uk/education/conferences/mediast udies2010/reality_tv.pdf • Why People watch Reality TV http://www.psychologicalscience.org/observer/getArti cle.cfm?id=1742

×