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Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing
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Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing

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  • 1. A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing JOURNAL EDITOR Matteo Cavalleri – Editor-in-Chief International Journal of Quantum Chemistry
  • 2. How do journals work? THE SCIENTISTS‟ VIEW? By Nick Kim (www.nearingzero.net); used with permission
  • 3. How do journals work? THE INSIDE VIEW Image from wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ScientificReview.jpg
  • 4. How do journals work? THE PEER-REVIEW
  • 5. Models of editorial office IN-HOUSE VS. EXTERNAL EDITORS EXTERNAL EDITORS …all ACS & Elsevier titles, some RCS, most Wiley journals… IN-HOUSE EDITORS …+ PRL, PRB, some RSC (PCCP), some IOP titles (NJP, JP:CM)…
  • 6. Models of editorial office IN-HOUSE VS. EXTERNAL EDITORS EXTERNAL EDITORSIN-HOUSE EDITORS Work full time on journal – can dedicate more time and resources on new developments General view Have own research group Expert in specific field BOTH: peer-review, decision making, dealing with appeals, commissioning, conference participation and lab visits, writing news stories, contributing to “input” marketing …
  • 7. In-house editor is a career for PhDsTYPICAL BACKGROUND: ME IJQC, October 2011 Most editors are PhD-trained scientists… …often with PostDoc experience. Own research experience is invaluable!
  • 8. In-house editor is a career for PhDsA REAL CAREER IJQC, October 2011 Editorial Trainee  Editor physica status solidi  Associate Editor J. Pol. Sci.:Pol. Phys.  Editor-in-Chief Int. J. Quantum Chem.  World Dominance?
  • 9. What is the peer-review process?SINCE 1665, A TOUCH STONE OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD “Peer review is the critical assessment of manuscripts submitted to journals by experts who are not part of the editorial staff”-International Committee of Medical Journals Editors WHAT IT CANNOT DO (*)WHAT IT SHOULD DO -Filter out bad/uninteresting work -Make as sure as possible the work is reported correctly -Make sure results are interpreted correctly, and convincingly -Improve the quality of publication -Detect fabrication -Prevent duplicate publication -Pick the most interesting papers -Ensure quality -Ensure the article is right for the journal (*) AUTOMATICALLY
  • 10. Peer-review is always evolvingPEER-REVIEW TYPES -ANONYMOUS: Most common -DOUBLE BLIND: Medical journals -OPEN: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics -SIGNED: Non-anonymous referees, BMJ -TECHNICAL PEER-REVIEW ONLY: PLoS One -MIX OF THE ABOVE: Independent/Interactive, “Frontiers In” Journals -NONE: Evaluation by community post-publication, arXiv
  • 11. What editors look for? INSIDE PRE-SCREENING MOST JOURNALS -Novelty -Importance (in specific field / in related disciplines) -Interest ALL JOURNALS -Scope -Format (Communication, full paper, review…) -Understandability Editors are not always qualified to evaluate the technical merits of manuscripts. This is the job of the referees.
  • 12. This how referees are chosenPART SCIENCE & PART ART -Editors‟ knowledge & experience -From related papers: - cited manuscripts - literature search -Additional research: - conference/lab visits - web search (good „ol Google) -Reviewer database: - keywords, interest, history…
  • 13. Referees suggestions are welcomePREFERRED & NOT-PREFERRED REFEREES LIST -Not just the big names, please -No collaborators, previous advisors, grant co-applicants, … -Tell us about circumstances that may prevent impartial review: - close competitors, who may “scoop” you - other conflicts …within reason…
  • 14. The cover letter is important NO COVER LETTER = WASTED OPPORTUNITY THERE IS MORE -Disclose conflicts of interest -List related papers in press, submitted- prepare to provide copies! -Provide reviewers suggestions EXPLAIN TO THE EDITOR -Why work is significant -What is the major advance -What is new, better on previous works -Why the journal is the right on for work The cover letter should take shape from the paper‟s intro & conclusion TIP: Get the journal/editor‟s names right! Especially if not 1st choice…
  • 15. Accept, Reject or Revise? THE EDITOR‟S JOB -REJECTION - Without external referee reports (Editor) - Based on reports -REVISION - Reconsideration or resubmission possible after major revisions -ACCEPTANCE - Without changes (rare) - With minor changes
  • 16. Beyond peer-review FROM PAPERS TO JOURNALS Author Correction Early View Online Publication Issue Build and checking Issue Publishing and Distribution TypesettingSubmission Peer review Copy-editing Peer Review Article Publishing (Early View) Issue Publishing
  • 17. Types of editors NOT JUST PEER-REVIEW PEER-REVIEW EDITOR -Scientific background -Manages peer-review, makes decision -Commissions content TECHNICAL/COPY EDITOR -Scientific backgrounds -Handles accepted papers -Copy edits, ensures best presentation of content to the public -Eye for details, passion for language
  • 18. Other roles for scientists in publishingJOURNALS, BOOKS & WEB IN JOURNALS -Publishing Editor (portfolio of titles, budgets, strategy, not involved in science) -Editor of articles for broad audience, written by specialists (Nature‟s News & Views,..) -Science journalist (works as freelancer) IN BOOK & THE WEB -Book Commissioning Editor -Web portal Editor (MaterialsViews.org, ChemistryViews.org,…) Plus marketing, adverting and sales (Science education less crucial)
  • 19. Editor‟s career pros & cons WHAT‟S HOT & WHAT‟S NOT …AND WHAT I WOULD DO WITHOUT -Journal/process development can be slow and frustrating -Angry authors are difficult to deal with -Fraud/Ethical violations are not uncommon and very exasperating! -Sometimes I miss coding, hacking hardware (being a “lab-rat”) -Career progression after Editor-in-Chief not easy WHAT I LOVE… -It‟s a career at the “center of science” -Entrusted the knowledge of entire disciplines -Bird-eye view over science, see best results 1st! -Contact with the scientific community -Add & participate at the scientific debate and progress -Plenty of (international) travel -Real possibility of professional growth
  • 20. What is a good editor made of?PASSION & SKILLS … BUT YOU WON‟T LOVE IT IF YOU … -love being in the lab and do research -enjoy being the world expert in a specific subject -don‟t like changing topics several time a day -hated writing your thesis IT MAY BE THE JOB FOR YOU IF YOU … -are passionate for science communication -recognize the importance of publishing in the scientific process -are curious about a broad range of topics & disciplines -know the art of diplomacy and have people skills -have analytical, and decision-making skills -are creative, with an eye for detail (and the “next big thing”) ENGLISH IS THE LANGUAGE OF SCIENCE -Publishing not restricted to native speakers anymore -BUT, you need to be fluent in communicating science with it
  • 21. Wiley is wonderful, really, … …BUT THERE ARE OTHER PLACES -Peer-review editors wanted: -Other roles: and more…
  • 22. Publishing is changing, Right nowONLINE & MOBILE RULES -Print is on the way out -EarlyViews, ASAP instead of issues -DOI is more important than page numbers -Read papers anytime, anywhere…online -Get real data, enriched contents, supplementary information, videos… -Central stores, personalized journals,… …could create new roles in science publishing…
  • 23. Publishing is changing, Right nowNEW WAYS TO FIND PAPERS -Papers discovered through alerts & searches of keywords, structures, … not issues -News sites – Chemistryviews.org, Materialsviews.org … -Discussion sites, forum, Nature Network, Twitter & social media -Paper commenting; e.g. PloS One -Less use of issues, more Google Scholar, WoS, … -New ways to discuss and evaluate work. Impact Factor on the way out? -Conferences, Meetings,…
  • 24. Questions? Complaints? MCAVALLERI@WILEY.COM & ON TWITTER: PHYSICSTEO Find IJQC at http://www.q-chem.org
  • 25. Urban Myth: Editors hate appealsSO SHOULD YOU APPEAL? USUALLY, NO -Risk of long time of publication -Good papers are found and cited -Editors & referees know journal well OCCASIONALLY, YES -Importance/novelty missed by editor/referees -Factual error in referee reports that lead to rejection -Need more clarification of decision Be calm, argumentative and give scientific justification for reassessment
  • 26. IJQC is growing too QUANTUM CHEMISTRY RELOADED -Founded in 1967, in-house editorial office since 2011 -Expanded scope -Rapid peer-review, then acceptance to online publication in 15 days Open-Access series at http://reviews.q-chem.org & http://tutorials.q-chem.org

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