• South Korea, officiallythe Republic of Korea• 대한민국; DaehanMinguk• Is a sovereign statelocated in the southernpart of the KoreanPeninsula.
The Korean War began in1950 when forces from theNorth invaded the South. It is Asias fourth largest economy and the worlds15th or 12th largest economy. The economy isexport-driven, with production focusing onelectronics, automobiles, ships, machinery,petrochemicals and robotics.
Like many democratic states, South Korea has agovernment divided into three branches: executive,judicial, and legislative.Recently, south Korea andColombia concluded The FreeTrade Agreement (FTA)
GEOGRAPHY , CLIMATE ANDENVIRONMENT South Korea occupies the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula,which extends some 1,100 km (680 mi) from the Asian mainland. South Korea tends to have a humid continental climate and a humidsubtropical climate, and is affected by the East Asian monsoon During the first 20 years of South Koreas growth surge, little effort wasmade to preserve the environment.
Science and Technology Robotics has been included in the list of main nationalR&D projects in Korea since 2003. Since the 1980s, the Korean governmenthas invested in the development of adomestic biotechnology industry, and thesector is projected to grow to $6.5 billionby 2010.
EDUCATION Education in South Korea is regarded ascrucial to financial and social success,and competition is consequently fierce,with many participating in intense outsidetutoring to supplement classes.
CULTURE ART:Korean art has beenhighly influenced byBuddhism andConfucianism.South Korea shares its traditional culture with North Korea, but the twoKoreas have developed distinct contemporary forms of culture since thepeninsula was divided in 1945.
ARCHITECTURE:Due to South Koreas tumultuous history, construction and destructionhas been repeated endlessly, resulting in an interesting melange ofarchitectural styles and designs.
CUISINEKorean cuisine is largely based on rice,noodles, tofu, vegetables, fish and meats.
CONTEMPORARY MUSIC, FILM ANDTELEVISION In addition to domestic consumption, South Koreanmainstream culture, including televised drama, films, andpopular music, also generates significant exports to variousparts of the world.
TECHNOLOGY CULTURE South Korean corporationsSamsung and LG were rankedfirst and third largest mobilephone companies in the worldin the first quarter of 2012,respectively
SPORTSThe martial art taekwondooriginated in Korea.Football has traditionally beenregarded as the most popular sportin Korea.
JEJU ISLAND Jeju Province (officially the Jeju Special Self-governing Province) is one of the nineprovinces of South Korea. The island contains the natural World HeritageSite Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes.