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Citizen Mapping and Charting MJ Casey
 

Citizen Mapping and Charting MJ Casey

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The paper will detail the state-of-the-art in Citizen Mapping in the world, the advantages and disadvantages of such efforts and what some mapping agencies are doing about this. Speculation is made ...

The paper will detail the state-of-the-art in Citizen Mapping in the world, the advantages and disadvantages of such efforts and what some mapping agencies are doing about this. Speculation is made about Citizen Charting, how it could evolve and how HO\’s might be enticed to get involved and help steer efforts.

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    Citizen Mapping and Charting MJ Casey Citizen Mapping and Charting MJ Casey Presentation Transcript

    • Citizen Mapping and Charting How Crowdsourcing Is Helping To Revolutionize Mapping & Charting Michael J. Casey, IIC Technologies Inc.
    • Crowdsourcing ??? “Crowdsourcing is an online, distributed problem solving and production model. Problems are broadcast to an unknown group of solvers via the Web in the form of an open call for solutions. Users--also known as the crowd--typically form into online communities based on the Web site, and the crowd submits solutions to the site. The crowd also sorts through the solutions, finding the best ones.” Wikipedia, 2009/1/20 US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Crowdsourcing ... "the act of a company or institution taking a function once performed by employees and outsourcing it to an undefined (and generally large) network of people in the form of an open call.“ Jeff Howe, author “Crowdsourcing” US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Crowdsourcing Examples Historically: The Oxford English Dictionary Christmas Bird Count (since 1900) … and now … Linux Wikipedia OpenStreetMap Mapipedia And on and on …. US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Citizen Science NASA Clickworkers Vernal Pools Galaxy Zoo US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • ... Entertainment Reviews US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • 10 Great Places for Kids in Portland US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Zazzle US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Passive Crowdsourcing ...1 Google PageRank ... and search trends ... “We have found a close relationship between how many people search for flu-related topics and how many people actually have flu symptoms.” Google.org US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • 2009 H1N1 (aka “Swine Flu”) US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Spatial Technology Becomes Commonplace “The most profound technologies are those that disappear. They weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it.” Weiser, M. (1991). The computer for the twenty-first century. Scientific American, September, 94-10. US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Where are my friends? US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Collective Authorship Tools Lightweight [but useful] Spatial Technology is Commonplace Growth in Citizen Activism and Online Communities New Generation of Web/Wireless/Wiki Savvy Users with low expectation from centralized agencies An expectation of Free Speech and Free Beer (!) US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Not getting the information you want ?... …Then DIY US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • More DIY US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Citizen as Sensor “Mobile phones are allowing us to communicate, buy, sell, … new communication paradigms that empower communities to produce credible information that can be understood by non-experts, in order to effect positive societal change. “ www.urban-atmospheres.net CO, indoor air pollution, Pollen count UV Noise Pesticides, … US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Crowdsourcing Map Updates “TomTom ... announces that members of the TomTom Map Share community have made a total of five million map updates worldwide.” TomTom Dec „08 US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Tom-Tom Crowdsourcing “The Map Share community has grown ...to over five million users” US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Crowdsourcing Navigation US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Navigating Cambridge ... US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Route Planning for Cyclists is clearly a popular application US Hydro 2009 Helping Chart Your World
    • And many, many others ... US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • What Is Going On? Consumers are driving Businesses e.g. eBay, Amazon, etc. Users are leading knowledge production e.g. Wikipedia, etc. Users are creating the vast majority of content e.g. YouTube, Blogs, and on and on .... Formerly passive consumers are now active producers e.g. special maps for cyclists and …OpenStreetMap, US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • OpenStreetMap “If you don’t make [lower-resolution mapping data] publicly available, there will be people with their cars and GPS devices, driving around with their laptops .. They will be cataloguing every lane, and enjoying it, driving 4×4s behind your farm at the dead of night. There will, if necessary, be a grass-roots remapping.” Tim Berners-Lee US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • OpenStreetMap (cont.) Steve Coast, Cloudmade.com US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • OpenStreetMap data gets better by the day US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Something to Ponder ... Is data created by an "trained expert" who is not familiar with an area somehow more "accurate" than data created by an "amateur" who lives in that area and has a vested interest in correct information? Especially given that the local amateur has the means (through OSM) to make corrections on the fly? Jeremy Crampton Mapping without a net: Neogeography in the 21st Century US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Major Thrust of the GeoSpatialWeb From top-down, controlled production and distribution to Bottom-up, Crowdsourced,open-sourced production US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
    • Crowdsourcing and Charting “Large-scale services, while tremendously important, often suffer from lowest common denominator effects as they seek to make a single system satisfy the needs of everyone.” Urban Informatics: Community Integration and Implementation Recreational/ Cruising market Kayak charts Coast Pilots/Sailing Directions Wiki-based Nautical Publications are inevitable US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009