Citizen Mapping and Charting
How Crowdsourcing Is Helping To
Revolutionize Mapping & Charting



Michael J. Casey,
IIC Tec...
Crowdsourcing ???

“Crowdsourcing is an online, distributed problem solving and
  production model. Problems are broadcast...
Crowdsourcing ...

 "the act of a company or institution taking a function once
   performed by employees and outsourcing ...
Crowdsourcing Examples

Historically:
The Oxford English Dictionary
Christmas Bird Count (since 1900)
… and now …
        ...
Citizen Science




                               NASA Clickworkers
                               Vernal Pools
         ...
... Entertainment Reviews




                               US Hydro
    Helping Chart Your World
                       ...
10 Great Places for Kids in Portland




                                       US Hydro
    Helping Chart Your World
    ...
Zazzle




                               US Hydro
    Helping Chart Your World
                                   2009
Passive Crowdsourcing ...1

                         Google PageRank
                         ... and search trends ...


...
2009 H1N1 (aka “Swine Flu”)




                               US Hydro
    Helping Chart Your World
                     ...
Spatial Technology Becomes Commonplace


“The most profound technologies are those that disappear.
  They weave themselves...
Where are my friends?




                               US Hydro
    Helping Chart Your World
                           ...
Collective Authorship Tools
Lightweight [but useful] Spatial Technology is Commonplace
Growth in Citizen Activism and Onli...
Not getting the information you want ?...
                   …Then DIY




                                        US Hydr...
More DIY




                               US Hydro
    Helping Chart Your World
                                   2009
Citizen as Sensor
                               “Mobile phones are allowing us to
                               communic...
Crowdsourcing Map Updates




 “TomTom ... announces that members of the TomTom Map
   Share community have made a total o...
Tom-Tom Crowdsourcing




   “The Map Share community has grown ...to over five million users”




                       ...
Crowdsourcing Navigation




                               US Hydro
    Helping Chart Your World
                        ...
Navigating Cambridge ...




                               US Hydro
    Helping Chart Your World
                        ...
Route Planning for Cyclists is clearly a popular application




                                          US Hydro 2009
 ...
And many, many others ...




                               US Hydro
    Helping Chart Your World
                       ...
What Is Going On?

Consumers are driving Businesses
      e.g. eBay, Amazon, etc.
Users are leading knowledge production
 ...
OpenStreetMap




    “If you don’t make [lower-resolution mapping data] publicly
    available, there will be people with...
OpenStreetMap (cont.)




 Steve Coast, Cloudmade.com

                                US Hydro
     Helping Chart Your Wo...
OpenStreetMap data gets better by the day




                                     US Hydro
    Helping Chart Your World
 ...
Something to Ponder ...

 Is data created by an "trained expert" who is not familiar
   with an area somehow more "accurat...
Major Thrust of the GeoSpatialWeb

From top-down, controlled production and
 distribution
                               t...
Crowdsourcing and Charting

 “Large-scale services, while
   tremendously important, often suffer
   from lowest common de...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Citizen Mapping and Charting MJ Casey

1,317

Published on

The paper will detail the state-of-the-art in Citizen Mapping in the world, the advantages and disadvantages of such efforts and what some mapping agencies are doing about this. Speculation is made about Citizen Charting, how it could evolve and how HO\’s might be enticed to get involved and help steer efforts.

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,317
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Citizen Mapping and Charting MJ Casey

  1. 1. Citizen Mapping and Charting How Crowdsourcing Is Helping To Revolutionize Mapping & Charting Michael J. Casey, IIC Technologies Inc.
  2. 2. Crowdsourcing ??? “Crowdsourcing is an online, distributed problem solving and production model. Problems are broadcast to an unknown group of solvers via the Web in the form of an open call for solutions. Users--also known as the crowd--typically form into online communities based on the Web site, and the crowd submits solutions to the site. The crowd also sorts through the solutions, finding the best ones.” Wikipedia, 2009/1/20 US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  3. 3. Crowdsourcing ... "the act of a company or institution taking a function once performed by employees and outsourcing it to an undefined (and generally large) network of people in the form of an open call.“ Jeff Howe, author “Crowdsourcing” US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  4. 4. Crowdsourcing Examples Historically: The Oxford English Dictionary Christmas Bird Count (since 1900) … and now … Linux Wikipedia OpenStreetMap Mapipedia And on and on …. US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  5. 5. Citizen Science NASA Clickworkers Vernal Pools Galaxy Zoo US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  6. 6. ... Entertainment Reviews US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  7. 7. 10 Great Places for Kids in Portland US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  8. 8. Zazzle US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  9. 9. Passive Crowdsourcing ...1 Google PageRank ... and search trends ... “We have found a close relationship between how many people search for flu-related topics and how many people actually have flu symptoms.” Google.org US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  10. 10. 2009 H1N1 (aka “Swine Flu”) US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  11. 11. Spatial Technology Becomes Commonplace “The most profound technologies are those that disappear. They weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it.” Weiser, M. (1991). The computer for the twenty-first century. Scientific American, September, 94-10. US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  12. 12. Where are my friends? US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  13. 13. Collective Authorship Tools Lightweight [but useful] Spatial Technology is Commonplace Growth in Citizen Activism and Online Communities New Generation of Web/Wireless/Wiki Savvy Users with low expectation from centralized agencies An expectation of Free Speech and Free Beer (!) US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  14. 14. Not getting the information you want ?... …Then DIY US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  15. 15. More DIY US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  16. 16. Citizen as Sensor “Mobile phones are allowing us to communicate, buy, sell, … new communication paradigms that empower communities to produce credible information that can be understood by non-experts, in order to effect positive societal change. “ www.urban-atmospheres.net CO, indoor air pollution, Pollen count UV Noise Pesticides, … US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  17. 17. Crowdsourcing Map Updates “TomTom ... announces that members of the TomTom Map Share community have made a total of five million map updates worldwide.” TomTom Dec „08 US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  18. 18. Tom-Tom Crowdsourcing “The Map Share community has grown ...to over five million users” US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  19. 19. Crowdsourcing Navigation US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  20. 20. Navigating Cambridge ... US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  21. 21. Route Planning for Cyclists is clearly a popular application US Hydro 2009 Helping Chart Your World
  22. 22. And many, many others ... US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  23. 23. What Is Going On? Consumers are driving Businesses e.g. eBay, Amazon, etc. Users are leading knowledge production e.g. Wikipedia, etc. Users are creating the vast majority of content e.g. YouTube, Blogs, and on and on .... Formerly passive consumers are now active producers e.g. special maps for cyclists and …OpenStreetMap, US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  24. 24. OpenStreetMap “If you don’t make [lower-resolution mapping data] publicly available, there will be people with their cars and GPS devices, driving around with their laptops .. They will be cataloguing every lane, and enjoying it, driving 4×4s behind your farm at the dead of night. There will, if necessary, be a grass-roots remapping.” Tim Berners-Lee US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  25. 25. OpenStreetMap (cont.) Steve Coast, Cloudmade.com US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  26. 26. OpenStreetMap data gets better by the day US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  27. 27. Something to Ponder ... Is data created by an "trained expert" who is not familiar with an area somehow more "accurate" than data created by an "amateur" who lives in that area and has a vested interest in correct information? Especially given that the local amateur has the means (through OSM) to make corrections on the fly? Jeremy Crampton Mapping without a net: Neogeography in the 21st Century US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  28. 28. Major Thrust of the GeoSpatialWeb From top-down, controlled production and distribution to Bottom-up, Crowdsourced,open-sourced production US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009
  29. 29. Crowdsourcing and Charting “Large-scale services, while tremendously important, often suffer from lowest common denominator effects as they seek to make a single system satisfy the needs of everyone.” Urban Informatics: Community Integration and Implementation Recreational/ Cruising market Kayak charts Coast Pilots/Sailing Directions Wiki-based Nautical Publications are inevitable US Hydro Helping Chart Your World 2009

×