Advanced Pj Techniques

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advanced techniques for the photographers of the Purdue Exponent

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Advanced Pj Techniques

  1. 1. Photography 200 A more in-depth look at photojournalism and general photography techniques
  2. 2. Just a Quick Double Check <ul><li>Do you know what an aperture is? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know what ISO is? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know what a shutter speed is? </li></ul><ul><li>DO YOU UNDERSTAND HOW THEY INTERACT TO EXPOSE AN IMAGE???? </li></ul><ul><li>IF YOU HAVE A QUESTION, ASK IT NOW OR FOREVER HOLD YOUR CAMERA SLUMPING AND USELESS FROM YOUR SHOULDER ;) </li></ul>
  3. 3. F/8 and Be There (getting the shot) ...well kinda, it doesn't really have to be f/8 but you do have to be there to take a picture Getting a bad shot is better than getting no shot – but that doesn't mean don't try to get a good one... Get close to your subject – make the connection People want to see faces ∴ faces sell papers Make the photo tell the story, the caption is for back-up only
  4. 4. Hard Shooting Conditions <ul><li>Dark: use fast glass (max aperture f/2.8 or larger) wide open – use support if possible – crank the ISO up (for Mackey/Elliot/etc I've never had to go above 1600) </li></ul><ul><li>Sports: use your lenses wide open (max aperture), shutter speeds 1/250 at the slowest moderate ISO (200-800) for outdoor, Higher for Indoor – no flashes during sporting events </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of different light sources: set a custom white balance using either an expodisc or a piece of white paper in the same general location as where your subject will be </li></ul>
  5. 5. Camera Techniques: Grip Chances are you wont have/be able to use a tripod, so you need to know how to hold your camera rock solid Standard hand holding – right hand gripping camera (elbow in), left hand holding the bottom of the lens (elbow in) camera pressed to face McNally's shoulder grip – left eyed shooters: brace camera against left shoulder, wrap left arm under lens and hold right shoulder Mounted Long lens Technique – on a tripod/monopod, place your left hand on top of the lens over the attachment point (tripod collar) and gently press to reduce shake in the lens
  6. 6. Camera Techniques: Shutter Button Don't jab the shutter button Half press the button to focus and then roll your finger to take the picture Hold down for a few clicks (chances are you'll get a sharper one in the middle)
  7. 7. Environmental Portraits <ul><li>This is the only time you will pose a photo </li></ul><ul><li>Before doing anything, make sure you understand what the story is about – the photo is useless if it doesn't relate to the article </li></ul><ul><li>Set the photo up to include relevant elements – if the subject is a pilot, it doesn't make any sense to shoot him sitting in front of a computer </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure your white balance is correctly set </li></ul><ul><li>If you have them and know how to use them – set up a light or two (for pizazz!) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Interacting with People I Don't Be Afraid! Exude Confidence!!! Introduce yourself, your job/assignment, and what you want 90% of the time people won't mind Thank them and take pictures MAKE SURE TO GET THEIR CORRECT INFORMATION! Thank them again before you leave
  9. 9. Interacting with People II Do's and do not's Do: Be Polite! Get everyone's name! Make the subject as comfortable as possible Respect the subjects wishes about being photographed Shoot in JPEG Do not: Pose a photo unless it is an environmental portrait Stand 20 feet away and use a telephoto lens Use photoshop to alter a photo Shoot in RAW (NEF)
  10. 10. Interacting with People III <ul><li>If you want to capture a moment or get a candid shot, take the picture first, then get their information </li></ul><ul><li>If you cannot get physically close for some reason (security, crime scene, etc) using a telephoto is fine </li></ul><ul><li>If someone is in plain view from a public place, they can be photographed legally – even if they don't want their picture taken. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Flash Photography I <ul><li>Two basic types of Flash: On camera and Off </li></ul><ul><li>Uses: Off Camera </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dimensionality to subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation of subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adding Drama and Interest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uses: On Camera </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fill Light </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Last ditch effort for a clear shot </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Flash Photography I cont. <ul><li>Using an on camera flash for fill </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes you just need a little touch of light to fill in some shadows (aka “fill light”) </li></ul><ul><li>You can adjust your flash compensation so that you can get that “extra touch” without making the photo look like a Xerox-ed image </li></ul><ul><li>Turn your flash compensation down by 1/3-1 stop below your camera's compensation </li></ul><ul><li>This fills in the shadows to within 1/3-1 stop of the rest of the scene </li></ul>
  13. 13. Flash Photography II <ul><li>Understanding Flash Exposures (on camera TTL Flash) </li></ul><ul><li>Two types of exposure compensation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Camera Comp. (henceforth “exposure comp”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adjusts overall exposure of image (including anything the flash hits) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flash Comp. (henceforth “flash comp”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adjusts exposure of only what the flash hits </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>If you have your camera set to 0 exposure comp and your flash set to 0 flash comp, the everything in the image will be “properly exposed”... </li></ul>
  14. 14. Flash Photography II cont. <ul><li>If you set your camera compensation different but leave your flash at 0... </li></ul><ul><li>Put your exposure comp to -1 and flash comp to 0 </li></ul><ul><li>Take a picture of somebody moderately close </li></ul><ul><li>The whole image will be under exposed by 1 stop (because you told the flash to stay at “proper” exposure (0) but told the camera to underexpose everything by 1 stop) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Flash Photography II Cont. <ul><li>If you set your camera to -1 and your flash to +1 </li></ul><ul><li>The camera will underexpose everything by one stop </li></ul><ul><li>The flash will over expose everything it affects by one stop </li></ul><ul><li>The net result is your subject being correctly exposed and the rest of the scene underexposed by one stop – thus separating your subject from the background </li></ul>
  16. 16. Flash Photography III <ul><li>Off-Camera Flash (enter dramatic music) </li></ul><ul><li>Using flashes off-camera introduces both a whole new dimension to your photography, and a whole lot of confusing information </li></ul><ul><li>Basically you need (at least) a flash, a camera, and a triggering device (Optical, infrared, radio, sync cable) </li></ul><ul><li>If you wish to learn about the different aspects of “OCF,” feel free to contact myself and/or visit www.strobist.com and read “lighting 101” </li></ul>
  17. 17. Photography and The Law In general, if the public can be where you are – you can take pictures of anything and anyone you can see Reasonable expectation of privacy – homes, bathrooms, etc Private/University property – trespass and being told to stop – here at Purdue you can take a picture of whatever you want on campus (but you need permission for commercial shoots [that is not us, so its all good]) Cops – do what they say. I'm not bailing your butt out of jail More information: http://www.krages.com/phoright.htm

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