Welcome to the Prehistoric Park of Teverga Bilingual Section IES Ramón Menéndez Pidal – Aviles April 6th 2011
It’s a sunny and warm spring morning. The landscape is beautiful. It’s been a long journey, but it’s been worth it.
Our visit starts at the building called The Gallery. The room is at least one thousand square metres and helps us understand better why Palaeolithic art began, who the artists were and what techniques were used in cave paintings.
There we meet Paulina, our guide. She is Polish, but she speaks very good English. She is patient and kind and she gives us a lot of useful information.
It was the end of the Ice Age and the rest of Europe
was covered with ice. Temperatures in Asturias were
about minus 30 degrees Centigrade.
That is why there are examples of paintings showing animals impossible to find in Europe nowadays. LIONS PENGUINS RHINOS
WHAT DID THE HOMO SAPIENS PAINT? ANIMALS SIGNS AND SYMBOLS HUMAN FIGURES
The most common animal paintings show: AUROCHS BEARS BISON GOATS HORSES MAMMOTHS
HOW DID THEY CREATE THEIR PAINTINGS? They used grinders to get their pigments from minerals. The most common were the iron oxide for the reds, browns and purples; and the charcoal for black. GRINDER Iron oxide Charcoal
They always studied the walls and made use of the natural forms of the stone ( hollows, bulges, cracks ) by making them a part of their drawings. This way they were much more realistic. REINDEER
OWL MAMMOTH On other occasions they didn’t paint, but they used sharp stones to make marks on the walls and engrave their drawings.
They painted with their hands and fingers, but sometimes they made primitive aerographs with hollow bones . We can say they made the first examples of graffiti.
It was dark in the caves, so they used marrow lamps to light them up. Torches and bonfires had a problem: they blackened the walls.
The display cases in The Gallery are full of very interesting objects.