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Work of Congress (6.3)
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Work of Congress (6.3)



Overview of the work of Congress, including the support staff.

Overview of the work of Congress, including the support staff.



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    Work of Congress (6.3) Work of Congress (6.3) Presentation Transcript

    • Work of Congress For use with section 6.3 1
    • I. QUALIFICATIONS & PRIVILEGESA. Qualifications 1. Senator 2. Representative Age:  Age:  30  25 Residence:  Residence:  state you plan to represent  state you plan to represent Citizenship:  Citizenship:  current US Citizen for at least  current US Citizen for at least 9 years seven years 2
    • I. QUALIFICATIONS & PRIVILEGESB. Privileges 1. Salary  $165,000 / year 2. Other Privileges  professional immunity in certain situations to exercise speech and expression in order to make clear their point without outside interference (rule of law still applies)  free parking, trips to their home states  franking privilege  low-cost life insurance  gym, special restaurants, medical clinic 3
    • I. QUALIFICATIONS & PRIVILEGESC. Helpers 1. Personal Staff  gather information on bills and issues  handle requests from voters  deal with news reporters and lobbyists 2. Committee Staff  handle the day-to-day lawmaking duties of Congress, such as…  draft bills  gather information  organized committee hearings  negotiate with lobbyists 4
    • I. QUALIFICATIONS & PRIVILEGESC. Helpers 3. Support Services a) Library of Congress (LOC)  holds copies of EVERY book published in the United States  is a valuable source of information for lawmakers when drafting bills and learning about issues 5
    • I. QUALIFICATIONS & PRIVILEGESC. Helpers 4. Finance & Budget a) General Accounting Office (GAO)  investigative arm of Congress in financial issues  reviews spending activities of federal agencies  studies federal programs  recommends way to improve financial performance of government b) Congressional Budget Office (CBO)  source of financial and economic information to Congress members for making budgetary decisions  helps Congress stick to a budget plan 6
    • II. CONGRESS AT WORK the basic job of Congress members is to get action done on constituents’ interests and concerns members of Congress can be considered linkage institutions 7
    • II. CONGRESS AT WORKA. Lawmaking  write and introduce bills  take part in committee work  listen to input from people about the bill  vote on the bill  See section 6.4 “How a Bill Becomes a Law” 8
    • II. CONGRESS AT WORKB. Casework  help individual constituents deal with the federal government 1. Why bother with casework?  helps to get reelected  can better keep an eye on the executive branch ability to carry out the laws and programs  to help average citizens 9
    • II. CONGRESS AT WORKC. Helping the District or State  members of Congress try to bring money and jobs to their district or state 1. Public Works  building projects paid for by the government  creates a new service to the area  building projects bring new jobs to the area 10
    • II. CONGRESS AT WORKC. Helping the District or State 2. Grants and Contracts a) Grants  a grant is money given to a district or state for a specific purpose, it does not have to be paid back  grants bring federal money into the state which will be used to help benefit the people in the state  the money usually goes towards things that not just benefit the district or state but the nation 11
    • II. CONGRESS AT WORKC. Helping the District or State 2. Grants and Contracts b) Contracts  a contract is an agreement by government with a company for the production of some good or service  contracts ensure money to a company (or companies) for a period of time thus producing jobs  the goods or services produced usually produce the nation 12
    • II. CONGRESS AT WORKC. Helping the District or State 2. Grants and Contracts c) “Pork-Barrel” Projects  a grants or contracts that primarily benefit the home district or state  members of Congress try to add pork- barrel projects to bills in order to bring more money into their state in order to gain favor with their constituents  added favor will mean more votes come election day or services produced usually produce the nation 13