When France Sneezes...


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After the French Revolution, a series of revolutions will grip Europe threatening the status quo

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When France Sneezes...

  1. 1. When France Sneezes…
  2. 2. Conservatives v. Liberals
  3. 3. Conservatives Who were they?  monarchs and members of their government  noble landowners  Church leaders  peasants
  4. 4. Conservatives What did they want?  restore royal families to power  continue the existing social hierarchy  support an established Church
  5. 5. Conservatives What did they Oppose?  natural rights and constitutional government  freedom of the press  rebellions
  6. 6. Liberals Who were they?  business owners  bankers  lawyers  politicians  writers and newspaper editors
  7. 7. Liberals What did they want?  defend the natural rights of individuals to liberty, equality, and property  government based on a written constitution and separation of powers  elected rulers responsible to the people
  8. 8. Liberals What did they oppose?  divine-right monarchy  the old aristocracy  established churches
  9. 9. Main Ideas Give supporting details for each main idea.
  10. 10. Few people liked Louis’ XVIII constitution.  Ultraroyalists (Ultras) (high clergy & émigrés) despised constitutional government; wanted to restore the old regime  Liberals wanted to extend suffrage and win a share of power for middle-class citizens  Radicals wanted a republic
  11. 11. Class differences plagued France forcing more changes in government.  strong president  one-house legislature  vote to all adult men
  12. 12. “When France sneezes, Europe catches a cold.”
  13. 13. 1830 Belgium  the people of Belgium and Dutch (Holland), who ruled Belgium, had many differences  Belgians “threw up barricades” and fought Dutch rule  supported by Britain and France, Belgium gains independence  Belgium establishes a liberal constitution
  14. 14. 1830 Poland  had hoped the Congress of Vienna would reestablish a Polish state  Polish students, army officers, and land owners rose in revolt over Russia, Prussia, & Austria  without widespread support, the rebels were crushed by the Russian army
  15. 15. 1848 Austria  university students and workers in Vienna allied to overthrow the monarchy of Clemens von Metternich  taken by surprise, Metternich has no choice but to resign and promise reforms  in Budapest (Hungary) and Prague (Czechoslovakia), nationalists demanded independent government, an end to serfdom, and a written constitution
  16. 16. 1848 Austria (continued)  the Austrian government temporarily gives in due to their unpreparedness and the overwhelming demand  Austrian troops eventually regain control of Vienna and Prague  with help from Russia, Austria crushes rebels in Budapest
  17. 17. 1848 Italy  nationalists wanted to end domination by Austrian Hapsburgs  demanded liberal constitutional reforms  revolutionaries established independent republics throughout Italy, even expelling the pope in Rome
  18. 18. 1848 Italy (continued)  Austrian troops ousted the new governments in northern Italy  the French army restored the pope  in Naples, local rulers, now with foreign support, cancelled reforms they instituted but did not really want
  19. 19. 1848 Prussian Germany  university students demanded national unity & liberal reforms  peasants and farmers, struggling through a potato famine, joined the cause  liberals forced King Frederick William IV (FW4) to agree to a constitution written by an elected assembly  FW4 will dissolve the assembly and create his own constitution with power in his own hands
  20. 20. 1848 Prussian Germany (continued)  delegates from German states continue to meet in the Frankfurt Assembly  FW4 declines the offer from the Frankfurt Assembly of the crown of a united Germany  Prussian military will crush middle-class reformers and radical workers  many Germans leave for the United States