War of 1812


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Brief PPT on some causes, events, and effects of the War of 1812

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War of 1812

  1. 1. Causes & Effects War of 1812
  2. 2. Bell Ringer  Women: War Hawks – Why do you want to go to war?  Men: Doves – Why are you opposed to going to war with Britain?
  3. 3. Causes Neutral Rights  Madison’s main message to Congress was for the respect of the US self-determination for trade  the British (and other European nations, but mostly British) repeatedly violated and insulted American shipping
  4. 4. Causes 1. Orders in Council  set up a virtual blockade of Europe  vessels heading for continental ports had to buy licenses to trade  ships had to accept British inspections or be liable to seizure 2. Napoleon’s “Continental System”  set up a virtual and literal blockade of Europe  French blockade of the British Isles  any neutral ships that complied with the British regulations would be subject to seizure when they reached continental ports
  5. 5. Causes 3. Impressment  British boarded American vessels and forcing British sailors to serve in the British navy (to help fight the French)  Chesapeake Incident  When they refused to be boarded, British fired upon the US frigate, Chesapeake, killing 3 and wounding 18
  6. 6. Causes 4. Battle of Tippecanoe  the Shawnee leader, Tecumseh, sought to unite Indian tribes against the westward expanding Americans  Governor William Henry Harrison of Indiana Territory saw the danger of a united Native American force and struck out against the Shawnee capital, Prophet’s Town, while Tecumseh was away  upon defeating the Shawnee at the Battle of Tippecanoe, Harrison discovered the Native Americans were being supplied by the British in Canada
  7. 7. Events 1. War in Canada a) 1812  Detroit captured by British  US failed to take Montreal b) 1813  Commodore Perry defeats British fleet on Lake Erie  US burns York, the British provincial capital of Upper Canada  US retakes Detroit  Shawnee leader Tecumseh killed at the Battle of the Thames
  8. 8. Events 2. War at Sea  Only 16 ships a) 1812  US Frigates scored several victories  November British blockade the Chesapeake and Delaware Bays b) 1813  US ships bottled up in port due to blockade
  9. 9. Events 3. War in the States  British raiding and burning US towns along the Atlantic coast  With little resistance, British enter Washington, DC and burn the White House (revenge for burning York)
  10. 10. Events 4. Battle of New Orleans  Andrew Jackson led a series of 4 battles defeating British and Native-American allies  2 Weeks after the War of 1812 was officially ended, Jackson defeats British troops at New Orleans  Most noteworthy (remembered) victory of the War
  11. 11. Effects/Results 1. Treaty of Ghent  Armistice Signed 12/24/1814  Did not settle many of the issues that led to the War 2. Sense of Victory  Battle of New Orleans left America feeling as though they actually won the war  The exploits of American frigates in their battles with British ships 3. Intense Feeling of Patriotism
  12. 12. Effects/Results 4. Rush-Bagot agreement  Limited the number of naval vessels the British were allowed on the Great Lakes  Began a tradition of an unfortified border between the US and Canada (the longest in the world) 5. Convention of 1818 a) Established the northern boundary of the Louisiana Purchase at the 49th Parallel b) Oregon Country would be open to joint occupation between the US and Britain c) US regained the right to fish off of Newfoundland and Labrador