Three Banners of Feudalism


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Feudalism is a system that encompasses a social hierarchy, political structure, and economic system all in one. The basis is land.

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Three Banners of Feudalism

  1. 1. Three Banners of Feudalism
  2. 2. Rise of Feudalism Treaty of Verdun
  3. 3. Rise of Feudalism Treaty of Verdun Viking Invasions Magyar Invasions Muslim Invasions Fear & Chaos Decentralized Authority
  4. 4. I. Lord-Vassal Relationship A. Only for the Nobility B. Reciprocal Relationship Higher Up (Lord) Lower Down (Vassal) Gives • land (fief) • power/authority • right to collect taxes • loyalty • military service • taxes Gets • loyalty • honor • military protection • land • power/authority • right to collect taxes
  5. 5. I. Lord-Vassal Relationship Lord Vassal Lord Vassal Lord Vassal
  6. 6. II. Manor System A. Self-Sufficient Society all economic and social needs were provided by the manor controlled by a lord (who is someone else’s vassal) source of natural resources such as timber, mineral deposits (such as iron), agriculture
  7. 7. II. Manor System B. Serfdom Very restrictive: cannot leave; need permission to marry Reciprocal relationship Lord of the Manor Serf Gives • small tract of land • protection • all basic necessities • labor • pays taxes • loyalty • sometimes military service Gets • labor • taxes • loyalty • small tract of land • protection • all basic necessities
  8. 8. Government Order Political Power is based on ownership of the land The owner of the land makes the rules and laws for the people who live on that land
  9. 9. Government Order a serf must answer to the lord of the manor the lord of the manor must answer to his lord (who granted him his manor) the higher lord must answer to the king who controls all of the lands Each lord had a degree of autonomy over his land
  10. 10. Social Structure 1. monarch considered to own all the land 2. powerful lords dukes and counts held the largest fiefs 3. vassals those who pledged loyalty to a lord in exchange for land in some cases, a vassal to a duke or count may also have his own vassals
  11. 11. Social Structure 4. knights mounted soldiers vassals to landowners pledged loyalty and military service in exchange for a castle to defend and pay (often times in the form of loot from raids) may be lords themselves held to a code of chivalry (bravery, loyalty, and truthfulness)
  12. 12. Social Structure 5. peasants majority of the population laborers many were SERFS, peasants bound to the land of their lord in exchange for their labor and loyalty and a fee, a serf received a roof over his head, access to basic services, and protection
  13. 13. Economic System Self-Sufficiency 1. manors are designed to provide all the needs of its inhabitants 2. manors had: well (for water) blacksmith (metal working, tools and weapons) church (and sacraments) mill (for grinding grain) farms often times their were woods for hunting and timber sometimes there were quarries for mining stone