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The Birth of the Republican Party
 

The Birth of the Republican Party

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Brief presentation on the origin of the Republican Party, the "Party of Lincoln." For use with The Americans, section 10.3

Brief presentation on the origin of the Republican Party, the "Party of Lincoln." For use with The Americans, section 10.3

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    The Birth of the Republican Party The Birth of the Republican Party Presentation Transcript

    • Section 10.3
    •  Know-Nothing Party (aka American Party)  started a group that favored nativism or native-born Americans over immigrants and would deny anything about their activities  they were middle-class Protestants dismayed at the number immigrants and Catholics  they were also split over the issue of slavery so could not get a candidate elected  those in the South looked toward the Whig Party and those in the North to the Republican Party
    •  Liberty Party  started off very small in 1840s but were able to throw the election in 1844 to Democratic Polk and not Whig Clay  Their purpose was to pursue the cause of abolition by passing new laws
    •  Free-Soil Party  opposed the extension of slavery and nominated President Van Buren  they tended to support laws prohibiting black settlement in their communities and denying them the right to vote  did not like the impact of slaves on the rights of white workers
    •  Republican Party  1854 unhappy Northern Whigs, antislavery Democrats and Free-Soilers met to form the Republican Party  their main competition would be the Know-Nothing Party  some were conservative with wanting to put Missouri Compromise back on the table while others were abolitionists but they could agree:  They opposed the KansasNebraska Act  Did not want slaves in new territories
    •  1856 election the Republicans nominated John Fremont who had fought in the Mexican-American War and mapped the Oregon Trail  the Know-Nothings split their vote between Fremont and President Fillmore  the Democrats nominated James Buchanan who won
    • Presidential Election of 1856 Candidate Party Popular Vote Electoral Vote James Buchanan Democrat 45% 174 John C. Fremont Republican 33% 114 Millard Fillmore Know-Nothing 22% 8 Study the information in the table that lists the percentage of popular vote and number of electoral votes received by candidates in the presidential election of 1856. 1. Create a pie chart that reflects those percentages 2. Create a pie chart that reflects the result of the Electoral Vote 3. What conclusion can you make comparing the popular vote with the electoral vote?