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Systems of government

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Brief overview of the systems of different systems of government showing a spectrum from a system (or lack thereof) where no one rules, to ones where everyone rules.

Brief overview of the systems of different systems of government showing a spectrum from a system (or lack thereof) where no one rules, to ones where everyone rules.

Published in: Education, News & Politics

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  • 1. Systems of Government Chapter 1.3
  • 2. Spectrum of Systems of GovernmentNo Leaders One Leader Few Leaders Many Leaders Government can range from No Leaders… To where everyone is a leader, With varying numbers in between.
  • 3. Spectrum of Systems of GovernmentNo Leaders One Leader Few Leaders Many Leaders Anarchy no government chaos no order
  • 4. Spectrum of Systems of GovernmentNo Leaders One Leader Few Leaders Many Leaders Autocracy Dictatorship Monarchy Government ruled by a single individual Two types:  Dictatorship  Monarchy
  • 5. Spectrum of Systems of GovernmentNo Leaders One Leader Few Leaders Many Leaders Autocracy Dictatorship a single individual dictates over the people, telling them what to do Usually requires the use of the military to enforce the dictator’s will
  • 6. Spectrum of Systems of GovernmentNo Leaders One Leader Few Leaders Many Leaders Autocracy Monarchy power is usually inherited, usually forming a dynasty power passes to the next most able family member often times leadership is tied to a religion and ceremony
  • 7. Spectrum of Systems of GovernmentNo Leaders One Leader Few Leaders Many Leaders Oligarchy Aristocracy Communism two types:  aristocracy  communism rule by a small group only a small number of people have the right or ability to rule can be determined by socio-economic status, race, gender, or some other birth-right or determining factor government policies are designed to protect the interests of this group.
  • 8. Spectrum of Systems of GovernmentNo Leaders One Leader Few Leaders Many Leaders Oligarchy Aristocracy government by the privileged class, usually defined by wealth government policies are designed to protect the interests of this group, the aristocrats.
  • 9. Spectrum of Systems of GovernmentNo Leaders One Leader Few Leaders Many Leaders Oligarchy Communism government system combined with an economic system a small group (“the Communist Party”) creates policies which it claims protects the interests of the entire society from the root comm- meaning together the idea is that working together the entire society will benefit
  • 10. Spectrum of Systems of GovernmentNo Leaders One Leader Few Leaders Many Leaders Democracy Republic Direct Democracy rule by all, self-rule there are two types:  republic  direct democracy all people in society are involved in the decisions of government
  • 11. Spectrum of Systems of GovernmentNo Leaders One Leader Few Leaders Many Leaders Democracy Republic the citizens have a limited input citizens choose representatives to make the decisions of government for them
  • 12. Spectrum of Systems of GovernmentNo Leaders One Leader Few Leaders Many Leaders Democracy Direct Democracy allows every citizen to vote directly in all government and policy decisions the number of people eligible to vote is limited to those who are considered citizens
  • 13. Spectrum of Systems of GovernmentNo Leaders One Leader Few Leaders Many Leaders Autocracy Oligarchy Theocracy government and religion are tied closely together usually ruled by a single leader or a group of religious leaders usually has little tolerance for other religious ideas people of other religions are treated as “second class citizens” does not work with democracies because in democracies all people are usually considered equal, regardless of religion cannot exist in a communist nation; devotion to religion interferes with devotion to the state
  • 14. Spectrum of Systems of GovernmentNo Leaders One Leader Few Leaders Many Leaders Autocracy Oligarchy Democracy Bureaucracy the breaking down of tasks in government into different departments of bureaus as society grows, there is too much to do, so this organization makes government more efficient