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Slavery & Secession

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Brief presentation about the coming of the Civil War from 1856 - 1860. Including Lincoln-Douglas Debates, Dred Scott, Harpers Ferry, and the Election of 1860.

Brief presentation about the coming of the Civil War from 1856 - 1860. Including Lincoln-Douglas Debates, Dred Scott, Harpers Ferry, and the Election of 1860.

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    Slavery & Secession Slavery & Secession Presentation Transcript

    • Section 10.4
    •  1856, Dred Scott was taken above the Missouri Compromise line by his slave owner  they lived for four years in Illinois a free state and returned to Missouri where Scott’s owner died  he claimed that he had become a free person when they lived in Illinois
    •  the Court ruled that slaves did not have the rights as citizens and Scott was in Missouri a slave state when he started the suit  the Court also ruled the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional because Congress could not forbid slavery in any part of the territories because doing so interfered with slaveholders property  this made northerners angry and southerners felt slavery had been extended
    •  1857 the proslavery government of Kansas applied for statehood and wrote a Constitution that favored slavery  they were outnumbered by Free-Soilers that rejected the proposed Constitution  Buchanan endorsed the proslavery Lecompton Constitution because he believed he owed Southerners for their political support  Stephen Douglas convinced Congress to authorize another referendum on the Constitution and it again was rejected which would split the Democratic Party more
    •  Democrat Stephen Douglas and Republican Abraham Lincoln  To compete against Douglas’ name and financial resources Lincoln challenged Douglas to a series of debates over slavery in the territories
    •  Douglas believed in popular sovereignty and that it would eventually die out through that process but Lincoln thought it would only die out with legislation At their second debate Lincoln would ask Douglas if settlers of a territory could vote on the issue of slavery before it became a state and Douglas’ famous response was that slavery could not exist unless it was supported by local police and basically people could get around the Scott decision
    •  John Brown led a group of 21 men both black and white to the federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia  he hoped slaves would come forward and revolt but none did and he was put down by Robert E. Lee tried for treason and hung  Douglas and Lincoln both said he was wrong for his actions but some Northerners hailed him as a martyr for the cause of freedom  both the North and South had strong feelings and reactions to the hanging
    •  At the Republican Convention it looked like Senator William Seward would win the nomination but Lincoln’s moderate views and the fact he was unknown and had not been able to form friends/enemies helped him
    •  Election of 1860 there were four candidates running for office: Stephen Douglas for Northern Democrats and popular sovereignty, John Breckinridge for Southern Democrats, John Bell for different regions and he did not address slavery; Lincoln won the electoral but less than half of the popular vote and no votes in the South; he had sectional support
    •  December 20, 1860 South Carolina seceded from the Union  In February 1861 the seceded states met in Montgomery, Alabama and formed the Confederacy or Confederate States of America  they wrote their own Constitution like that of the US but protected and recognized slavery in the new territories  each state was sovereign and independent which hampered their unification  Jefferson Davis was elected President  Outgoing US President Buchanan said secession was illegal but it was illegal for him to do anything about it
    • a) summer 1857 b) fall 1857 summer 1858 d) summer 1859 c)
    • a) November 1859 b) March 1860 September 1860 d) November 1860 c)
    • a) Lincoln is inaugurated. b) South Carolina secedes. Confederates fire on Fort Sumter. d) None of the above. c)
    • a) Jefferson Davis was elected president of the Confederacy. b) Lincoln was inaugurated. c) Confederates fired on Fort Sumter. d) Lincoln called for volunteers for the army