Slavery & Secession


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Brief presentation about the coming of the Civil War from 1856 - 1860. Including Lincoln-Douglas Debates, Dred Scott, Harpers Ferry, and the Election of 1860.

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Slavery & Secession

  1. 1. Section 10.4
  2. 2.  1856, Dred Scott was taken above the Missouri Compromise line by his slave owner  they lived for four years in Illinois a free state and returned to Missouri where Scott’s owner died  he claimed that he had become a free person when they lived in Illinois
  3. 3.  the Court ruled that slaves did not have the rights as citizens and Scott was in Missouri, a slave state, when he started the suit  the Court also ruled the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional because Congress could not forbid slavery in any part of the territories because doing so interfered with slaveholders property  Supported by Proslavery forces  Further diminished the rights of slaves  Slavery may be spread indefinitely
  4. 4.  1857 the proslavery government of Kansas applied for statehood and wrote a Constitution that favored slavery  they were outnumbered by Free- Soilers that rejected the proposed Constitution  Buchanan goes against his promise and endorsed the proslavery Lecompton Constitution because he believed he owed Southerners for their political support
  5. 5.  Stephen Douglas convinced Congress to authorize another referendum on the Constitution and it again was rejected which would split the Democratic Party more  Supported by Proslavery forces  Although the Lecompton Constitution does not become the law for Kansas, it protected property rights of slaveholders
  6. 6.  Illinois Senate race in 1858  Democrat Stephen Douglas and Republican Abraham Lincoln  To compete against Douglas’ name and financial resources Lincoln challenged Douglas to a series of debates over slavery in the territories
  7. 7. Freeport Doctrine (Douglas) • Douglas’ stood by popular sovereignty. Slavery could not exist unless it was supported by local police and basically people could get around the Scott decision • Douglas cared “more for the great principle of self- government, the right of the people to rule, than I do for all of the negroes in Christendom.”  Supported by Proslavery Forces  Douglas was seen as less anti-slavery than Lincoln
  8. 8. House Divided (Lincoln)  Lincoln believed slavery would only be eliminated by Congressional law  The American government could not “endure, permanently half slave and half free… It will become all one thing, or all the other.”  Supported by Antislavery Forces  Lincoln opposed expansion of slavery and popular sovereignty
  9. 9.  John Brown led a group of 21 men both black and white to the federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia  he intended to arm slaves but his raid was put down by Robert E. Lee, tried for treason and hanged  Douglas and Lincoln both said he was wrong for his actions but some Northerners hailed him as a martyr for the cause of freedom  both the North and South had strong feelings and reactions to the hanging
  10. 10.  The Raid was Supported by Antislavery forces  Despite unsuccessful, it was an attempt at a slave uprising  The Hanging of John Brown was Supported by Proslavery forces  One less violent abolitionist
  11. 11.  Lincoln’s moderate views and the fact he was unknown and had not been able to form friends/enemies helped him win the nomination at the Republican Convention over Senator William Seward
  12. 12.  Lincoln Elected President Supported by Antislavery forces  Lincoln opposed slavery, especially its spread into the territories
  13. 13.  December 20, 1860 South Carolina seceded from the Union  In February 1861 the seceded states met in Montgomery, Alabama and formed the Confederacy or Confederate States of America  they wrote their own Constitution like that of the US but protected and recognized slavery in the new territories  each state was sovereign and independent which hampered their unification  Jefferson Davis was elected President  Outgoing US President Buchanan said secession was illegal but it was illegal for him to do anything about it
  14. 14. a) summer 1857 b) fall 1857 c) summer 1858 d) summer 1859
  15. 15. a) November 1859 b) March 1860 c) September 1860 d) November 1860
  16. 16. a) Lincoln is inaugurated. b) South Carolina secedes. c) Confederates fire on Fort Sumter. d) None of the above.
  17. 17. a) Jefferson Davis was elected president of the Confederacy. b) Lincoln was inaugurated. c) Confederates fired on Fort Sumter. d) Lincoln called for volunteers for the army