Rising Monarchies

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Rising Monarchies

  1. 1. Rising Monarchies
  2. 2. On the following slides, determine the most notable contributions of each monarchs:
  3. 3. William the Conqueror (England)• Exerted firm control over lands• had Domesday Book compiled ▫ A census of everything in England since everything now belongs to him
  4. 4. Henry II (England)• Broadened system of royal justice laying basis for English common law ▫ decisions of the royal courts ▫ laws that were the same for all people ▫ legal decisions based on precedent (previous legal decisions)• began jury system ▫ group of men sworn to speak the truth gathered by local officials when traveling justices visited an area
  5. 5. John “the Softsword” (England)• lost war against Phillip II (of France)• battled with Pope Innocent III and was excommunicated• signed the Magna Carta (1215) ▫ document that shaped government traditions in England ▫ protected the legal rights of the nobility ▫ First time in history a monarch’s power was limited
  6. 6. Edward I (England)• Created the Model Parliament ▫ the framework for England’s bicameral legislature ▫ added the House of Commons to the already existing House of Lords ▫ “what touches all, should be approved by all”
  7. 7. Hugh Capet (France)• Increased royal power and built an effective bureaucracy• Made the throne hereditary beginning the Capetian Dynasty
  8. 8. Philip Augustus• Defeated heretics and claimed their lands for his own expanding the power of the Capetians• granted charters• Hired paid middle class officials• organized a standing army• introduced a new national tax
  9. 9. Louis IX “Saint Louis” (France)• Did much to make France an efficient centralized monarchy• religious ruler who expanded the royal courts and ended serfdom• persecuted Jews and heretics• Led French knights in two Crusades• Expanded his control over France by eliminating serfdom in his personal domain• Had roving officials to check up on local administrators• Served as judge in many cases
  10. 10. Philip IV (France)• argued with Pope Boniface VIII over taxes• Moved the seat of the pope to Avignon in southern France• set up the Estates General to gain support against the pope ▫ had representatives from France’s three classes (Clergy, Nobility, everyone else) ▫ Each estate had a single vote

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