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Radicalism in France
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Radicalism in France

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The French Revolution becomes violent and turns against itself. Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety are anything but.

The French Revolution becomes violent and turns against itself. Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety are anything but.

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Radicalism in France Radicalism in France Presentation Transcript

  • section 18.2 RADICALISM IN FRANCE
  • • freedom • equality • protection of natural rights • equal right to hold public office • freedom of religion August, 1789: National Assembly adopts the Declaration of the Rights of Man. 1) WHAT ARE SOME RIGHTS THIS DOCUMENT GUARANTEES FRENCH CITIZENS?
  • • people still had an instinctive fear of God • peasants did not want the state to run the church, like in England • the people wanted separation of church and state and a guarantee of freedom of religion 1790, National Assembly reforms status of the church 2) WHAT CAUSED THE PEASANTS TO OPPOSE MANY OF THESE REFORMS?
  • POLITICAL • Proclaimed all male citizens equal before the law • Limited the power of the monarch • Established the Legislative Assembly to make laws • Granted all tax-paying male citizens the ight to elect members of the Legislative Assembly REFORMS OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
  • SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC • Abolished the special privileges of the nobility • Announced the end to feudalism • Called for taxes to be levied according to ability to pay • Abolished guilds and forbade labor unions • Compensated nobles for lands seized by peasants REFORMS OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
  • RELIGIOUS • Declared freedom of religion • Took over and sold Church lands • Placed the French Catholic Church under control of the state • Provided that bishops and priests be elected and receive government salaries REFORMS OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
  • • Republics: san-culottes and Jacobins • Moderates: those who sought reforms to the government, keeping a limited monarchy • Conservatives: Royalists September 1791, National Assembly hands power to the Legislative Assembly 3) WHAT POLITICAL FACTIONS MADE UP THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY?
  • san-culottes Working class men and women Jacobins middle-class lawyers and intellectuals Royalists those who supported absolute monarchy 3) WHAT POLITICAL FACTIONS MADE UP THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY?
  • • “French Plague”: that the ideas of revolution (equality and natural rights) would spread to other nations April 1792: Legislative Assembly declares war on Austria. 4) WHAT DID EUROPEAN MONARCHS FEAR FROM FRANCE?
  • • they gave radicals the confidence and popular support to completely abolish monarchy and create a republic August 1792: Parisians invade Tuileries and imprison royal family September 1792: Parisian mobs massacre more than 1,000 prisoners 5) WHAT EFFECTS DID THE “SEPTEMBER MASSACRE” HAVE ON THE GOVERNMENT?
  • • the goal was to protect the new French Republic from domestic and foreign challenges • the Reign of Terror followed the idea of “inflexible justice”; “liberty can not be secured unless criminals lose their heads.” January 1793: Ex-king Louis XVI is executed July 1793: Robespierre leads the Committee of Public Safety; Reign of Terror begins 6) WHAT WERE THE AIMS OF THE STATE AND OF ROBESPIERRE AND HIS SUPPORTERS?
  • • a new constitution was created in which the powers were divided between a directory (executive branch) and a two-house legislature (legislative branch) • the new government was weak and corrupt, the exact opposite of the Committee of Public Safety July 1794: Robespierre is executed; Reign of Terror ends. 1795: National Convention adopts a new constitution. 7) WHAT WERE SOME CONSEQUENCES OF THE REIGN OF TERROR?