Section 7.4
 EOP Includes thousands of highly trained  specialists, secretaries, and clerks that help  the President Often referred...
 screens  the flow of information and people  trying to reach the President Includes about 500 people who work directly ...
 OMB prepares the federal budget and monitors  government spending Works to help the President create the  federal budg...
 NSC coordinates   military and foreign policy and  deals with matters of safety and security Includes the vice-preside...
 CEA gives the president advice about complex  economic matters such as employment,  inflation, and foreign trade Helps...
 advise the president on issues related to  their departments Although not mentioned in the Constitution,  these are som...
 Department     of State    President Washington    plans and carries out the nation’s foreign policies Department    ...
   Department of Justice     President Grant     responsible for all aspects of law enforcement   Department of the In...
   Department of Commerce       Theodore Roosevelt       supervises trade, promotes US tourism and business   Departme...
   Department of Housing and Urban Development       Lyndon Johnson       deals with the special needs and problems of ...
 Department     of Education    Carter    provides advice and funding for schools Department     of Veterans Affairs ...
 All of the departments and agencies that  assist the President in carrying out the laws  (his job as Chief Executive) A...
 allthe people responsible for making sure  the many departments of government run  effectively and efficiently They can...
1.       Political Appointees        top leadership jobs given to people who have         proven their ability to the pre...
1.       Merit System             government workers are hired based on their              merit – how well they do on ri...
2.       Spoils System        previous practice of appointing people to         government jobs as a reward for their pol...
 “Independent”   meaning not part of the  cabinet Not independent of the president three types:  1.   Executive Agencie...
 dealswith specialized areas within the  government Examples:  1.   NASA (National Aeronautics and Space       Administr...
 like private businesses but run by the  government, not private individuals people buy their services and products, but...
 make and enforce certain rules for industries or  groups in order to protect the public Examples:    1.   ICC (Intersta...
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Presidential helpers (7.4)

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Brief Overview of the President's federal bureaucracy (for use with section 7.4)

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Transcript of "Presidential helpers (7.4)"

  1. 1. Section 7.4
  2. 2.  EOP Includes thousands of highly trained specialists, secretaries, and clerks that help the President Often referred to as “the President’s administration”
  3. 3.  screens the flow of information and people trying to reach the President Includes about 500 people who work directly for the President Top advisors in this group include  Chief of Staff: top advisor to the President, organizes his entire staff and agenda  Press Secretary: provides the public with news about and statements from the President
  4. 4.  OMB prepares the federal budget and monitors government spending Works to help the President create the federal budget each year
  5. 5.  NSC coordinates military and foreign policy and deals with matters of safety and security Includes the vice-president and the secretaries of state and defense, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff* Supervises the CIA This is the first report the President sees everyday* The top commanders from each of the branches of the armed services
  6. 6.  CEA gives the president advice about complex economic matters such as employment, inflation, and foreign trade Helps the President carry out the role of economic leader
  7. 7.  advise the president on issues related to their departments Although not mentioned in the Constitution, these are some of the most important people to advise the Presdient
  8. 8.  Department of State  President Washington  plans and carries out the nation’s foreign policies Department of the Treasury  Washington  collects, borrows, spends, and prints money Department of Defense  Washington  manages the armed forces
  9. 9.  Department of Justice  President Grant  responsible for all aspects of law enforcement Department of the Interior  Taylor  manages and protects the nation’s public lands and natural resources Department of Agriculture  President Harrison  assists farmers and consumers of farm products
  10. 10.  Department of Commerce  Theodore Roosevelt  supervises trade, promotes US tourism and business Department of Labor  President Wilson  concerned with the working conditions and wages of US workers Department of Health and Human Services  Eisenhower  works for the health and well-being of all Americans
  11. 11.  Department of Housing and Urban Development  Lyndon Johnson  deals with the special needs and problems of cities Department of Transportation  Lyndon Johnson  manages the nation’s highways, railroads, airlines, and sea traffic Department of Energy  Carter  directs an overall energy plan for the nation
  12. 12.  Department of Education  Carter  provides advice and funding for schools Department of Veterans Affairs  George H.W. Bush  directs services for veterans Department of Homeland Security  George W. Bush  oversees America’s defenses against terrorist attack
  13. 13.  All of the departments and agencies that assist the President in carrying out the laws (his job as Chief Executive) All of the rest of this slideshow refer to the Federal Bureaucracy
  14. 14.  allthe people responsible for making sure the many departments of government run effectively and efficiently They can be political appointees or civil service workers
  15. 15. 1. Political Appointees  top leadership jobs given to people who have proven their ability to the president  employment usually ends when the president leaves office2. Civil Service Workers  individual hired to a government job based on their ability on a government test  will keep their job after the president leaves office
  16. 16. 1. Merit System  government workers are hired based on their merit – how well they do on rigorous written exams about the job desired  basis for the civil service system a. Civil Service System  practice of hiring government workers based on who scored the highest on tests for the particular job applied for
  17. 17. 2. Spoils System  previous practice of appointing people to government jobs as a reward for their political support  with each new president new appointments would be made  outlawed by the Pendleton Act (Civil Service Reform Act of 1883)
  18. 18.  “Independent” meaning not part of the cabinet Not independent of the president three types: 1. Executive Agencies 2. Government Corporations 3. Regulatory Commissions
  19. 19.  dealswith specialized areas within the government Examples: 1. NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) 2. CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) 3. GSA (General Services Administration) 4. FEC (Federal Election Commission)
  20. 20.  like private businesses but run by the government, not private individuals people buy their services and products, but a government corporations is not supposed to make a profit Examples: 1. FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation) 2. TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority) 3. Amtrak (National Railroad Passenger Corporation) 4. USPS (United States Postal Service)
  21. 21.  make and enforce certain rules for industries or groups in order to protect the public Examples: 1. ICC (Interstate Commerce Commission) 2. FRS (Federal Reserve System – the FED) 3. FTC (Federal Trade Commission) 4. SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) 5. NLRB (National Labor Relations Board) 6. EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commission)

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