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Organization of American Political Parties
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Organization of American Political Parties

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Demonstrating a wide range of concepts, this slideshow describes the structure of political parties from the national organization down to the grassroots, as well as explaining the primary process

Demonstrating a wide range of concepts, this slideshow describes the structure of political parties from the national organization down to the grassroots, as well as explaining the primary process

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  • 1. Organization of American Political Parties For use with section 9.2
  • 2. National Party Organization Democrat and Republican parties have local, state, and national organizations each level is only loosely tied together each level shares nearly the same political beliefs all levels have the same goal: win as many offices as possible
  • 3. National Committee consists of representatives from every state helps raise funds for presidential elections
  • 4. National Committee 1) National Party Chairperson  runs the committee  main job is to manage the office, direct the committee staff, lead fund raising effortsReince Priebus – DebbieRepublican WassermanNational Schultz –Chairperson Democratic National Chairperson
  • 5. National Convention the committee holds a national convention every four years a) Nominating Presidential Candidate  historically the convention is where the party’s candidate was decided  today, states choose their favorite candidate via primary elections and caucuses before the convention  the convention is mostly used to kick off the candidate’s campaign for the presidency
  • 6. National Convention the committee holds a national convention every four years b) Campaign Committees  work to elect party members and raise money for candidates running for political office on all levels
  • 7. National Convention the committee holds a national convention every four years c) Platform Writing  A committee is selected to write the party’s platform
  • 8. National Convention
  • 9. State and Local Organization state committees focus on electing candidates to state offices work toward getting the party’s candidates elected to national offices
  • 10. What is a precinct? A geographic area that contains a specific number of voters It is the smallest geographic area
  • 11. State and Local OrganizationA. Precinct Captains a precinct is the geographic area for one polling place precinct captain volunteers during campaigns to encourage voters on election day several precincts make a ward – members elect volunteers to the county level committee
  • 12. State and Local OrganizationB. County Committee run by the county chairperson exercises a great amount of political power in the county county chairpersons of large counties are often asked advice by elected officials local and county levels are important to the party because they are most in touch with the voters – involvement at the most basic level is called “grassroots”
  • 13. State and Local OrganizationC. Political Machines a strong political organization that consistently win every election although not considered a positive political phenomena, political machines have been able to provide important services locally as long as their candidates continue to be elected
  • 14. State and Local OrganizationD. Joining a Political Party voluntary there are no duties or obligations in North Carolina you register when you fill out paper to get your drivers’ license
  • 15. North Carolina’s Voting Districts• Currently, North Carolina has 13 Congressional (Voting) Districts
  • 16. North Carolina’s Voting Districts• Each color represents a voting precinct• Everyone who lives in a precinct votes at the same location
  • 17. North Carolina’s Voting Districts• Here is the Leesville voting precinct 08-10• It is located in the 8th Ward, 10th precinct
  • 18. Primary Elections the purpose is to select the one person who will represent that party in the general election in November
  • 19. Primary ElectionsTypes of Primary Elections1. Direct Primary voters choose candidates to represent each party in the upcoming general election a. Closed Primary  only declared members of the political party can vote for candidates from that party b. Open Primary  voters do not need to declare which party in order to vote in a party’s primary
  • 20. Primary Elections Republican Party Candidates – 2012 Primary Elections Michelle Herman Newt Jon Gary Fred Andy Bachmann Cain Gingrich Huntsman Johnson Karger Martin Jimmy Tom Ron Rick Buddy Mitt Rick VernMcMillan Miller Paul Perry Roemer Romney Santorum Wuensche From http://2012.republican-candidates.org/ 2012 Primary Results: http://elections.nytimes.com/2012/primaries/calendar
  • 21. Primary ElectionsTypes of Primary Elections2. Caucus• Primary Election where select members of the political party in the state meet to vote on the candidates
  • 22. Unaffiliated Candidates If a person can show that they have enough support in a state, (by petition) then they will be added to the ballot for that state In order to be on the ballot on all 50 states, they have to have petitions showing enough support in all 50 states
  • 23. Six Functions of Political Parties1. Select and support candidates2. Inform Citizens3. Carry the message of the people to government4. Operate the government5. Act as a watchdog6. Link different branches and levels of government

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