Organization of American Political Parties

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Demonstrating a wide range of concepts, this slideshow describes the structure of political parties from the national organization down to the grassroots, as well as explaining the primary process

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Organization of American Political Parties

  1. 1. F O R U S E W I T H S E C T I O N 9 . 2 ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN POLITICAL PARTIES
  2. 2. NATIONAL PARTY ORGANIZATION National Committee State Committees County Committees Wards Precincts
  3. 3. NATIONAL PARTY ORGANIZATION • Democrat and Republican parties have local, state, and national organizations • each level is only loosely tied together • each level shares nearly the same political beliefs • all levels have the same goal: win as many offices as possible
  4. 4. NATIONAL COMMITTEE Role • consists of representatives from every state • helps raise funds for presidential elections • organizes the national convention
  5. 5. NATIONAL COMMITTEE 1) National Party Chairperson • runs the committee • main job is to manage the office, direct the committee staff, lead fund raising efforts Reince Priebus – Republican National Chairperson Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-FL): Democratic National Chairperson
  6. 6. NATIONAL CONVENTION • the committee holds a national convention every four years a) Nominating Presidential Candidate • historically the convention is where the party’s candidate was decided • today, states choose their favorite candidate via primary elections and caucuses before the convention • the convention is mostly used to kick off the candidate’s campaign for the presidency
  7. 7. NATIONAL CONVENTION • the committee holds a national convention every four years b) Campaign Committees • work to elect party members and raise money for candidates running for political office on all levels
  8. 8. NATIONAL CONVENTION • the committee holds a national convention every four years c) Platform Writing • A committee is selected to write the party’s platform
  9. 9. NATIONAL CONVENTION
  10. 10. STATE AND LOCAL ORGANIZATION Role of the State Committee • focus on electing candidates to state offices • work toward getting the party’s candidates elected to national offices
  11. 11. STATE AND LOCAL ORGANIZATION Role of the County Committee • organizes precincts and ward leaders to get the people to vote for their party’s candidate(s) • may advise the governor or US Senators to what their constituents want • local and county levels are important to the party because they are most in touch with the voters – involvement at the most basic level is called “grassroots”
  12. 12. WHAT IS A PRECINCT? • A geographic area that contains a specific number of voters  It is the smallest geographic area  all voters in a precinct vote at the same location
  13. 13. PRECINCTS What does a precinct captain do? • organizes other party members during campaigns • encourages voters to vote on Election Day • organizes volunteers to register voters, support candidates, and distribute leaflets
  14. 14. PRECINCTS A ward? • consists of several adjacent precincts
  15. 15. NORTH CAROLINA’S VOTING DISTRICTS • Currently, North Carolina has 13 Congressional (Voting) Districts
  16. 16. NORTH CAROLINA’S VOTING DISTRICTS • Each color represents a voting precinct • Everyone who lives in a precinct votes at the same location
  17. 17. NORTH CAROLINA’S VOTING DISTRICTS • Here is the Leesville voting precinct 08-10 • It is located in the 8th Ward, 10th precinct
  18. 18. PRECINCTS What Is a Political Machine? • a strong political organization that consistently win every election • although not considered a positive political phenomena, political machines have been able to provide important services locally as long as their candidates continue to be elected
  19. 19. POLITICAL PARTY FAQ Do I have to join a political party? • No If I join a political party, what are my duties? • None, it is all volunteer work How can I join a political party? • When registering to vote or drive
  20. 20. SIX FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES 1. Inform Citizens 2. Carry the message of the people to government 3. Operate the government 4. Act as a watchdog 5. Link different branches and levels of government 6. Select and support candidates
  21. 21. SIX FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES 1. Inform Citizens • lets citizens know about public issues and the way government works via speeches, pamphlets, and advertisements
  22. 22. SIX FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES 2. Carry the message of the people to government • parties listen to the ideas of the people • elected party members try to get these ideas onto the policy agenda
  23. 23. SIX FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES 3. Operate the government • when elected, party members work in government • elected officials appoint party members to high offices
  24. 24. SIX FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES 4. Act as a watchdog • each political party is quick to point out the failures of the other • keeps each party “on point”
  25. 25. SIX FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES 5. Link different branches and levels of government • political parties get members elected to all levels of government • with party member at all levels of government, they are all linked and know the needs/desires of the people at each level
  26. 26. SIX FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES 6. Select and support candidates • at conventions and through primaries, the party members select who will represent then in the upcoming election • parties raise money for the campaign and do the campaigning • helps inform voters on how candidates fell about about the issues

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