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North Carolina Court System

North Carolina Court System



Presentation about the court system in NC and some of the people involved in the justice system

Presentation about the court system in NC and some of the people involved in the justice system



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    North Carolina Court System North Carolina Court System Presentation Transcript

    • NC State Judiciary For Use with Chapter 13.3
    • The NC Supreme Court NC Court of Appeals Superior Court District Court
    • Original Jurisdiction• judge makes decisions, no jury• juvenile law, divorce, family law, mental hospitalization commitments, traffic violations, civil cases involving less than $10,000, initial hearings in felonies District Court
    • Original Jurisdiction• jury trial• civil cases involving more than $10,000, felonies, people wanting a jury trial in a misdemeanor from a guilty verdict in District Court Superior Court
    • NC Court of AppealsAppellate Jurisdiction• appeals from many NC government agencies, appeals from the District Courts, appeals from Superior Courts unless they involve the death penalty
    • The NC Supreme CourtAppellate Jurisdiction• appeals from the Court of Appeals, appeals from Superior Courts that involve the death penalty, cases regarding NC constitutional questionsImportant: cases that bring Constitutional issuesinto question can be further appealed to the FederalCourt System, either the US Circuit Court of Appealsor directly to the US Supreme Court.
    • People of the Courts Clerk of Superior Court1. establishes the validity of wills2. conducts the sale of properties in foreclosure (when people cannot pay their debts)3. administers the estates of the deceased4. oversees the adoption of orphans and foster children5. maintains all court records6. responsible for the safe handling of all the fines and other money collected by court order
    • People of the Courts Magistrates1. issue search warrants and arrest warrants2. hold pretrial hearings for those arrested and determine bail3. may accept some guilty pleas and try some misdemeanor cases4. try “small claims” cases (where less than $4,000 is in question)
    • People of the Courts District Public Defender1. full-time state employee whose represents indigent (extremely low-income) persons who are accused of a crime
    • People of the Courts Chief Justice of NC Supreme Court1. names special superior court judges2. temporarily reassigns superior and district court judges3. appoints the director of the administrative office of the courts