Manifest destiny

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Brief PowerPoint including slides about Manifest Destiny and trails west.

Brief PowerPoint including slides about Manifest Destiny and trails west.

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Transcript

  • 1. Moving West
  • 2.  The belief that God has ordained that Americans should expand west
  • 3.  Main draw – land  Owning land was an important first step toward prosperity  Land was a measure of wealth because the resources on the land can be used for production  Other   Reasons Expanding markets Fresh start – economic trouble
  • 4. Black Hawk War  Facing famine and hostile Sioux, the Sauk and Fox tribes sought land to get in a corn crop  The Illinois militia chased them into Wisconsin territory and inflicted a gruesome massacre on of women and children  This war will be best known for two native Kentuckians who will be opponents later: Lt. Jefferson Davis and Capt. Abraham Lincoln
  • 5. Black Hawk War    Due to continued pressure from the US to move west, the Sauk, led by Black Hawk, led a rebellion against the US Fought over rights to land – Native Americans lose and are forcibly removed to land WEST of Mississippi River continued pattern of Native American groups being pushed farther west by white settlers
  • 6. Treaty of Fort Laramie  Increasing westward settlement led to more conflict  To respond settlers’ fears, US agreed with several tribes “to maintain good faith and friendship in all their mutual intercourse, and to make an effective and lasting peace.”  These tribes were given control of lands of the north central plains  US would be allowed to build forts and roads and make annual payments  The US Government continually violated the treaty
  • 7. Treaty of Fort Laramie  Agreement between the US Government and several Midwestern tribes who guaranteed not to attack white settlers moving West  US Government agreed to honor boundaries  US Government repeatedly violated it’s side of the agreement
  • 8.  Aside from settlers two other groups moved across the west  traders and missionaries
  • 9.  Santa   Fe Trail From Independence, Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico Traders took cloth, guns, knives and returned with gold, silver and furs  Oregon    Trail From Independence, MO to Portland, OR Methods of travel: 1) prairie schooners or 2) walking Why Oregon? – plenty of rain and fertile soil
  • 10.  Mormon      Trail moving west to escape religious persecution Practice that caused so much controversy – polygamy or (the practice of having more than one wife) Led west by Brigham Young Eventually settled in an area they called Salt Lake City
  • 11. Oregon Territory  The U.S. and Britain had been sharing the Oregon Territory.  President Polk used the slogan “Fifty-four Forty or Fight” to gain support for annexing (adding) the Oregon Territory  Britain eventually agreed and the US Boundary extended all the way to the Puget Sound  The US’s northern boundary with Canada is now established