Indian Relations & Bacon’s Rebellion


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Brief Presentation summarizing a few key conflicts between the colonists and Native Americans as well as Nathaniel Bacon's attempt to overthrow the government of Virginia

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Indian Relations & Bacon’s Rebellion

  1. 1.  The Quakers › Religious group led by William Penn settle in Pennsylvania. › Quakers were pacifists and practiced freedom of religion. › Believed the land belonged to the Natives and wanted peaceful relations › Wanted Natives to be treated fairly (court) › For 50 years, PA had no major conflicts with Natives
  2. 2.  Looking at the map, why do you think the Puritans waged war on the Pequots? The Pequot War (1637) Block Island
  3. 3. The Pequot War (1637)  a white trader, Indian-kidnapper, trouble maker was killed giving settlers an excuse to attack Natives  Looking to avoid battle, colonists sought to terrorize Native-Americans by killing noncombatants, women, and children  The Pequot were all but annihilated (and the Narragansett on Block Island)
  4. 4.  King Philip’s War (1675-76)
  5. 5.  After 40 years of increased restrictions, Metacom (King Philip) united tribes against the colonists  Learning from the Pequot War, King Philip attacked noncombatants as did the colonists  Food shortage, disease, and heavy casualties brought the end of these Native forces and Native power in southeast New England was gone King Philip’s War (1675-76)
  6. 6. Bacon’s Rebellion (1676)  Begins as a conflict between Virginia settlers on their western frontier and the Doeg and Susquehannock Indians  The Virginia governor refused to support the settlers because they disobeyed his orders  Ultimately it became a political battle between the elite upper class, supported by Governor Berkley and the poor farmers, indentured servants, freemen, and slaves led by Nathaniel Bacon  Bacon would lead his forces against Jamestown running Berkley off who would return 1 month later after Bacon dies.
  7. 7. Bacon’s Rebellion (1676)  Berkley would be recalled to London to answer to the king for his failed policies  Ultimately losing, Bacon is sometimes considered “The Torchbearer of the Revolution” › the first struggle of common man v aristocrat › frontier v tidewater › defiance of a duly constituted authority  This would be the same type of defiance that would spark the American Revolution 100 years later!
  8. 8.  British Policies › Navigation Acts  reinforced trade restrictions of the colonies by the use of writs of assistance  the trial of smugglers was turned over to Admiralty Courts instead of colonial courts (who usually found colonial smugglers not guilty) › Board of Trade  primary role was to make the colonies serve England’s economic needs  investigate the enforcement of the Navigation Acts and made recommendations on how to improve them  London was over 3000 miles away and didn’t truly understand the colonies
  9. 9.  British Policies › Salutary Neglect  the loyalty of the colonies provided little need for England to strictly enforce the now stronger Navigation Acts  England “neglected” its colonies for its own benefit (salutary = beneficial)  as a result, the colonies were able to grow more and more independent