Chapter 1.3
Cities Center of trade centers of cultural  diffusion
Central Governments needed to oversee    irrigation projects and    other public works   ensure steady supply of    food...
Complex Religion gods controlled forces of   Indus Valley Prayer Statuettes  nature priests were needed to  convey the w...
Job Specialization rapid technological           Weaving  advance makes mastery in  all skills impossible people will fo...
Social Classes people were ranked in  society based on the  importance of their job priests and warriors were  typically...
Arts & Architecture                              Ziggurat art was created in order  to express beliefs and to  honor impo...
Public Works projects that the  government needed to  provide in order to help  society run more  efficiently – irrigatio...
Writing usually originated with    Cuneiform  priests initially used to create  calendars and keep  records of offerings...
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Features of civilization

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Eight Characteristics of Civilization

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Features of civilization

  1. 1. Chapter 1.3
  2. 2. Cities Center of trade centers of cultural diffusion
  3. 3. Central Governments needed to oversee irrigation projects and other public works ensure steady supply of food create and uphold laws defend citizens collect taxes
  4. 4. Complex Religion gods controlled forces of Indus Valley Prayer Statuettes nature priests were needed to convey the will of the gods it was everyone’s responsibility to make sure the gods were happy
  5. 5. Job Specialization rapid technological Weaving advance makes mastery in all skills impossible people will focus on the task or craft they are best at artisans emerge who are efficient in their field artisans develop techniques and technologies to make their task easier and more efficient
  6. 6. Social Classes people were ranked in society based on the importance of their job priests and warriors were typically considered the most important
  7. 7. Arts & Architecture Ziggurat art was created in order to express beliefs and to honor important figures and deities most major construction were building for religious purposes – temples, tombs – to honor their gods
  8. 8. Public Works projects that the government needed to provide in order to help society run more efficiently – irrigation, temples, construction of walls, and more ensured that all task – even undesirable tasks – were completed
  9. 9. Writing usually originated with Cuneiform priests initially used to create calendars and keep records of offerings to the gods government will use writing to keep track of public records – taxes, treaties, “official” documents

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