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Enlightenment Thinkers
 

Enlightenment Thinkers

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The ideas that contribute to the new government of the US! John Locke, Charles Montesquieu, Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Natural Rights, the Social Contract, and Separation of Powers!

The ideas that contribute to the new government of the US! John Locke, Charles Montesquieu, Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Natural Rights, the Social Contract, and Separation of Powers!

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    Enlightenment Thinkers Enlightenment Thinkers Presentation Transcript

    • The Enlightenment movement that spread the idea that reason and science could improve society used reason and science to challenge preconceived notions about the world around them
    • Jean-Jacques Rousseau Book: The Social Contract Important Ideas: Social Contract: an unwritten agreement between a people and their government The people agree to follow the laws The government agrees to protect the people’s natural rights
    • John Locke Book: Two Treatises on Government Important Ideas: Natural Rights: rights that all people are born with – life, liberty, property Right to Revolution: when government no longer protects the natural rights of its citizens, it is up to the people to form a new government that will
    • Charles Montesquieu Book: The Spirit of the Laws Important Ideas: Separation of Powers: the best way to protect natural rights is to divide the power of government Legislative, executive, judicial Checks and Balances: by balancing the powers and giving each branch the power to watch over the other two ensures none will become corrupt