Cultural & Economic Revival

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The High Middle Ages saw an increase in knowledge from the east and an increased desire for educated individuals to fill new government roles. All this brought changes to culture and improvements to …

The High Middle Ages saw an increase in knowledge from the east and an increased desire for educated individuals to fill new government roles. All this brought changes to culture and improvements to the economy.

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  • 1. ECONOMIC REVIVAL
  • 2. •Iron Plows •Windmills •New Land Cleared Innovations •Three-Field Systemin Agriculture •Horses - Harness •More Food •Population Growth (between 1000 and 1300 Europe’s Population Doubled) Results •More Specialization
  • 3. •New Trade Routes Trade •Trade FairsRevival •New Towns (charters) •Towns develop into cities •Serfdom declinesResults
  • 4. •Merchant Partnerships •InsuranceCommercial •Bills of ExchangeRevolution •Serfdom Declines (debts paid in money instead of labor) •Tenant Farming replaces serfdom Results •Middle Class Emerges
  • 5. •GuildsIndustrial Changes •Consumers ensured a certain quality of goods •Artisans prices were protected •Provided social services such as schools Results and hospitals
  • 6. CULTURAL REVIVAL
  • 7. Need/Desire for “New” Learning from Universities the East• educated clergy 1) Greek philosophers• educated bureaucracy translated into European• educated people earn languages better jobs • Hippocrates - medicine• curiosity among the • Euclid – geometry upper class • Scholasticism 2) Arabic Innovations • algebra • architecture • literature • Arabic numerals Universities
  • 8. Universities• schools originated as • 5 am morning prayer seminaries • 5 am to 10 am classes• would later be held in • 10 am first meal rented rooms in churches, • (after breakfast) to 5 pm monasteries, cathedrals classes• subject areas: math, • 5 pm dinner grammar, music, rhetoric • (after dinner) study &• learned in Latin “lights out”• lectures and memorization• oral exams• women could not attendChanges in Literature, Art, Architecture
  • 9. Changes in Literature Changes in Art & Architecture1) Vernacular: writingin everyday, spoken 1) Gothic Cathedralslanguage • stained glass• makes literacy easier • flying buttresses• Dante: the Divine • church of the bishop Comedy • center of a diocese• Chaucer: the • sculptures Canterbury Tales 2) Illuminated texts2) Many Middle 3) Very descriptive artEastern influences ( to compensate for widespread illiteracy)