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Founded by Kung Fu-tzu
(551 – 479 BC)
Recorded by his disciples (followers)
The Analects main body of Confucius’ teachings
NOT A RELIGION, it is an ethical system (deals with
human behavior and conduct).
Human nature is to live in the company of others (in
2. Must be rules to guide behavior in society.
3. There are five basic
relationships that people
4. reciprocal relationships
duty in relationship
determined by one’s role
Superior: protect, care
for, provides for, and love
Inferior: respect, honor, obey
5. Family is training ground for the individual
education at home is emphasized
6. Ruler should rule by example
The Importance of Confucianism
Official philosophy for more than 2000
Good understanding of Confucianism necessary for
high ranking careers
Chinese believed they had nothing to learn from
Li: includes ritual, propriety, etiquette, etc.
Hsiao: love within the family
Xin: honesty and trustworthiness
Jen: benevolence, humaneness towards others; the
highest Confucian virtue
Chung: loyalty to the state