Confucianism

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Overview of Confucianism and its role in Chinese society and the Era of Warring States

Overview of Confucianism and its role in Chinese society and the Era of Warring States

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  • 1. Confucianism  Founded by Kung Fu-tzu (551 – 479 BC)
  • 2. Teachings  Recorded by his disciples (followers)  The Analects main body of Confucius’ teachings  NOT A RELIGION, it is an ethical system (deals with human behavior and conduct).
  • 3. Main Ideas Human nature is to live in the company of others (in a society). 2. Must be rules to guide behavior in society. 1.
  • 4. Main Ideas 3. There are five basic relationships that people fall into. 4. reciprocal relationships  duty in relationship determined by one’s role i. ii. Superior: protect, care for, provides for, and love inferior Inferior: respect, honor, obey superior Superior Inferior Ruler Subject Father Son Older Brother Younger Brother Husband Wife Friend Friend
  • 5. Main Ideas 5. Family is training ground for the individual  education at home is emphasized 6. Ruler should rule by example  virtuous  good government.
  • 6. The Importance of Confucianism  Official philosophy for more than 2000  Good understanding of Confucianism necessary for high ranking careers Zhong guo  ethnocentric  Chinese believed they had nothing to learn from foreigners 1.
  • 7. Confucian Values  Li: includes ritual, propriety, etiquette, etc.  Hsiao: love within the family  Yi: righteousness  Xin: honesty and trustworthiness  Jen: benevolence, humaneness towards others; the highest Confucian virtue  Chung: loyalty to the state