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Bundle of Compromises
 

Bundle of Compromises

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Some of the major compromises that went into the US Constitution at the Constitutional Convention

Some of the major compromises that went into the US Constitution at the Constitutional Convention

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    Bundle of Compromises Bundle of Compromises Presentation Transcript

    • “A Bundle ofCompromises” Compromises in the Constitution Chapter 3.2
    • Representation in CongressLarge States: Virginia Plan• Bicameral legislature• Representation based on populationSmall States: New Jersey Plan• Unicameral legislature• All states have equal representationCompromise: Connecticut Plan – “The Great Compromise”• Bicameral legislature• The Upper House (Senate) would have equal representation• The Lower House (House of Representatives) representation based on population• All money bills must begin in the House of Representatives
    • Slavery and RepresentationFree States (Northern States):• Did not want to count slaves for the purpose of representation in CongressSlave States (Southern States):• Wanted to count slaves as people only for the purpose of representation in CongressCompromise: “Three-Fifths (3/5) Compromise”• Each slave would count as 3/5 of a person for the purpose of representation in the House of Representatives
    • Slave TradeFree States (Northern States):• Wanted to abolish the slave trade• Wanted Congress to regulate foreign and interstate tradeSlave States (Southern States):• Wanted to continue importing slave• Argued that is benefitted the economies of the south and north• Did not want higher taxes if Congress regulated trade• Did not want exports to be taxedCompromise: Slave Trade Compromise• Slave trade continues for 20 years when Congress will decide the issue again• Each imported slave is taxed $10• Congress could regulate foreign & interstate trade, but could not tax exports
    • Choosing the PresidentOne side:• Some people did not believe the people were smart enough to choose the President.• President should be chosen by CongressOther side:• Some people believed that the President should be directly elected by the peopleCompromise: Electoral College• The people will vote for an elector to vote for the President for them
    • Ratification of the ConstitutionFederalists:• Supported the Constitution• Voiced their opinions in the Federalist PapersAnti-Federalists (Democratic Republicans):• Opposed the Constitution.• Feared a strong central government would violate people’s rights.Compromise: The Bill of Rights• Bill of Rights was added as the first 10 Amendments to the Constitution to ensure the rights of the people will be protected
    • Living DocumentLoose Constructionists:• Felt that the powers of the national government ought to have the flexibility to meet new and unexpected needs of the nation.Strict Constructionists:• Feared that any government that has the ability to stretch the powers given to it has the ability to become corrupt and too powerfulCompromise: The Elastic Clause• The Constitution contains a section that allows it to extend the powers of the national government to meet unforeseen needs and events
    • Living DocumentThe Elastic Clause:• Article I, section 8, paragraph 18• gives Congress the ability to S T R E T C H its powers to meet new needs without always amending the Constitution• gives government the ability to carry out its implied powers• Also called the “necessary and proper clause”