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Reconstruction Comes to An End
 

Reconstruction Comes to An End

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Brief PowerPoint about the end of Reconstruction and the social issues left in its wake

Brief PowerPoint about the end of Reconstruction and the social issues left in its wake

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    Reconstruction Comes to An End Reconstruction Comes to An End Presentation Transcript

    • Reconstruction Comes to An End THE AMERICANS SECTION 12.3
    • Southern Resistance Increases Socially  Carpetbaggers: Southern Democrats name for Northerners that come South  Scalawags: Name for Southerners who joined the Republican Party  Rise of the KKK (Ku Klux Klan) “Is This A Republican Form of Government?" Harper's Weekly, September 2, 1876
    • Southern Resistance Increases Politically:  Black Codes: racist state laws that limited freed slaves‟ rights    Poll taxes (pay to vote) [does affect poor whites as well] Literacy test [also affects white voters] Grandfather Clause (if your grandfather could vote in 1860, no poll tax or literacy test)  Amnesty Act – returned the right to vote and old office to many former Confederates  Attempts to stop resistance:  Enforcement Acts:   Oversee elections Send troops against the KKK
    • Public Opinion Changes  Corruption up, people think money is being wasted    Credit Mobilier Affair Whiskey Ring Belknap Bribery  Panic of 1873: people more worried about the economy than punishing the South  Currency dispute: poor want more money printed  Supreme Court is dominated by racists
    • Supreme Court Interpretation  U.S. v. Cruikshank 14th Amendment does not involve people discriminating against people; only the government discriminating  U.S. v. Reese undermined idea all black males can vote: ruled the 15th Amendment didn‟t give right to vote, simply listed grounds on which states could not deny right to vote
    • Changes in the Republican Party  White southern „scalawags‟ not committed to protecting AfricanAmericans  The party splits over corruption  Republicans v. liberal Republicans
    • Election of 1876 Republican- Hayes of Ohio v. Democrat – Tilden of NY • Tilden won popular vote, needs 1 electoral vote more • Florida‟s 20 electoral votes uncertain b/c of KKK violence  So…the electoral college can‟t render a verdict!
    • Compromise of 1877  Hayes became president  Democrats allow it b/c troops will leave the South  Result: “Redemption” – White Southerners regain control of the South **White Supremacy and Home Rule Restored**