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Protest, Resistance, and Violence
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Protest, Resistance, and Violence

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Brief presentation about the conflicts leading up to the Civil War over the Kansas-Nebraska Act

Brief presentation about the conflicts leading up to the Civil War over the Kansas-Nebraska Act

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Protest, Resistance, and Violence Protest, Resistance, and Violence Presentation Transcript

  • Section 10.2
  •  fugitives not permitted a trial by jury  could not testify on their own behalf  just a statement from the slaveowner was needed for a slave to be returned  $10 was offered when fugitives were returned  those found helping a fugitive had to pay $1000 fine and serve six months in prison
  •  some organized committees to send endangered African Americans to Canada  some northern states passed personal liberty laws which forbade the imprisonment of runaway slaves and •development of the Underground Railroad run guaranteed they would have jury by free African Americans and white abolitionists trials which hid fugitive slaves in secret tunnels and false cupboards providing them food and clothing and passage to the next station until they escaped slavery; Harriet Tubman, known as Moses, helped 300+ slaves through the Underground Railroad
  •  Uncle Tom’s Cabin  written by Harriet Beecher Stowe  it was a novel about the escape of a slave and the death of another which excited emotions in both the North and the South
  •  proposed by Stephen Douglas  did it for personal reasons (wanted a railroad through his hometown where he owned property, wanted to organize the western territory as he felt many Americans wanted it incorporated into the Union)  he felt continued expansion would help the nation and his Democratic Party  he felt popular sovereignty was the best way for states to decide the issue of slavery
  •  he proposed a bill that would divide land into two territories of Nebraska and Kansas and to repeal the Missouri Compromise  The new territories would allow popular sovereignty decide the issue of slavery
  •  After the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed both sides poured into Kansas to strengthen their numbers and cause  1855 Kansas had enough settlers to hold an election  “border ruffians” from Missouri came into the state to throw the election and succeeded
  •  Antislavery settlers founded the town of Lawrence and proslavery grand jury condemned the people of the town and had proslavery men arrest them and the town was burned called the “sack of Lawrence”  Abolitionist John Brown said that God had called him to fight slavery so he and followers killed five in the proslavery settlement of Pottawatomie Creek which was later called the “Pottawatomie Massacre;” fighting continued in Kansas and became known as Bleeding Kansas
  •  Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner gave speeches about the violence in Kansas and called out Senator Andrew Butler and proslavery  Congressman Preston Brooks, Butler’s nephew, came into the Senate and beat Senator Sumner with his cane until the senator suffered from shock and brain damage
  • 1) Which is NOT an element of the photograph? a) large baskets of cotton b) a cotton field c) a cotton gin d) shoulder bags of cotton This photograph, entitled “Slave family picking cotton in the fields near Savannah,” depicts the working conditions experienced by many enslaved persons in the South.
  • 2) What noticeable contrast do you observe within the family in the photograph? a) their ages b) their work assignments c) their style of clothing d) None of the above This photograph, entitled “Slave family picking cotton in the fields near Savannah,” depicts the working conditions experienced by many enslaved persons in the South.
  • This photograph, entitled “Slave family picking cotton in the fields near Savannah,” depicts the working conditions experienced by many enslaved persons in the South. 3) What would NOT be part of the description of the family in the photograph? a) worn and stained clothing b) wide-brimmed hats c) a child touching a basket of cotton d) an adult talking to an overseer
  • This photograph, entitled “Slave family picking cotton in the fields near Savannah,” depicts the working conditions experienced by many enslaved persons in the South. 4) After viewing this photograph, a northern viewer would probably conclude that slavery was a) harsh and oppressive. b) difficult but civilizing. c) challenging but rewarding. d) None of the above.
  • Slavery has been described as “difficult but civilizing.” Evaluate this statement and explain. This photograph, entitled “Slave family picking cotton in the fields near Savannah,” depicts the working conditions experienced by many enslaved persons in the South.