Web Casting As An Instructional Technology
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Web Casting As An Instructional Technology

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Instructional technology project for Idaho State University

Instructional technology project for Idaho State University

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Web Casting As An Instructional Technology Web Casting As An Instructional Technology Presentation Transcript

  • Web casting as an Instructional Technology by Cara Harris
  • Introduction
    • Web casting is an educational technology used to deliver audio and video presentations via the Internet
  • Agenda
    • Advantages and Disadvantages of Web casting technology
    • Adult Learners and Virtual Learners
    • Basic web casting technology explained
    • Potential problems with Web casting
  • Overview
    • Increasing education for the Net Generation
    • Technology for teaching non-traditional students
    Education Entertainment Technology Future Non Traditional Engagement Virtual Learners Web casting Adult Learners
  • Overview Continued
    • 85% of four year schools offer online courses (Robin, 2001)
    • Web casting enables learners to participate in a live class via personal computers. (DiMaria, 2005)
    • Online education offers students time flexibility because e-classroom access generally is 24 hours a day, seven days a week
  • Web casting Advantages
    • Students can ask for immediate clarification of any concept.
    • The instructor can solicit student feedback and participation.
    • Web cast classes can be linked through the Web platform WebCT.
    • The instructor can comment on students work live, thus providing immediate feedback.
    • The Web casting system automatically archives classes
  • Advantages Continued
    • Online courses offer geographic flexibility, eliminating the need to commute to and from school, and may provide a wider array of course offerings.
    • Ability to access sites from Rural areas
    • Can be synchronous or asynchronous (archived)
  • Web casting Disadvantages
    • Less personal interaction than traditional classroom settings.
    • Costly
    • Need to develop “ease” in front of camera
    • Class must be well developed and “timed” in advance of the class presentation
    • Must be able to tolerate technical glitches
  • Disadvantages continued
    • Challenge to maintain organization of ideas
    • Challenge for students to work independently
    • Faculty must be technologically savvy.
  • Adult Learners
    • Move from dependent learners toward self-directed
    • Reservoir of experience
    • Readiness to learn is closely related to the developmental tasks of their social roles.
    • Change from future application of knowledge to immediacy of application.
    • Motivated to learn by internal, rather external, factors
    Malcolm Knowles
  • Needs of Virtual Learners
    • Focus on the learner, not the instructor
    • Cost effectiveness
    • Appropriate levels of information and interaction
    • Ability to meet the educational needs of nontraditional students
    • Engagement
  • Engagement
    • Buggey, T. (2007, Summer). Storyboard for Ivan's morning routine. Diagram. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions , 9 (3), 151. Retrieved October 19, 2009 from ISU Health Science Library http://oboler.isu.edu:3228/ehost/imageQuickView?sid=8db837fa-2101-45a0-a414-
  • Producing a Web cast
    • Video is sent to a n encoder for analog to digital conversion
    • Encoder is a hardware device, which converts video to a particular type of digital video file
    • The file is compressed to a manageable sized data stream
    • File can be accessed by anyone who connects to the streams Web address
  • Web casting
    • To produce a Web cast, the following are needed: a room with a camera, microphone, presenter’s computer, Internet access; and dedicated video and Web servers .
    • Synchronous Web casting works by providing the ability to simulate a live classroom environment, in which students can ask questions at any time, receive feedback, and complete group work.
  • Web casting continued
    • Archived means that the session is available for viewing “after the fact” or “on demand”
    • • Archived (asynchronous) web casts generally do not include opportunities for interaction
  • Web casting Technology
  • Potential Web casting Problems
    • Internet congestion
    • Noise
    • Technical glitches
    • Technical knowledge of students
    • Technical knowledge of faculty
  • Summary
    • Online education offers students time flexibility because e-classroom access generally is 24 hours a day, seven days a week
    • Adult learners are m otivated to learn by internal, rather external, factors
    • Web casting requires some technology savvy
    • Technology requires patience
  • References
    • Buggey, T. (2007, Summer). Storyboard for Ivan's morning routine. Diagram. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions , 9 (3), 151. Retrieved October 19, 2009 from ISU Health Science Library http://oboler.isu.edu:3228/ehost/imageQuickView?sid=8db837fa-2101-45a0-a414-634a82a41b76@sessionmgr11&vid=12&ui=5085799&id=31416243&parentui=2009881384&tag=AN&db=c8h
    • DiMaria-Ghalili, R., Ostrow, L., & Rodney, K. (2005). Webcasting: a new instructional technology in distance graduate nursing education. Journal of Nursing Education , 44 (1), 11-18. http://oboler.isu.edu:322
    • Hands on guide to webcasting, retrieved October 19, 2009 from http://www. webcastingzone .com/ webcasting -articles/ webcasting -information. php
    • Knowles, M.S. (1980). The modern practice of adult education: From pedagogy to androgogy (2nd ed.). New York: Cambridge Books.
    • O'Brien, H., & Toms, E. (2008). What is user engagement? A conceptual framework for defining user engagement with technology. Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology , 59 (6), 938-955.
    • Ostrow, L., & DiMaria-Ghalili, R. (2005). Distance education for graduate nursing: one state school's experience. Journal of Nursing Education , 44 (1), 5-10.
    • Robin, S., Reardon, R., & Strand, B. (2001). A video streaming pilot project: applications in social work training and education. Journal of Technology in Human Services , 18 (3/4), 133-143.
    • Smith, M.K. (2002). Malcolm Knowles, informal adult education, self-direction and andragogy, The encyclopedia of informal education , retrieved October 19, 2009, from www. infed .org/thinkers/et- knowl . htm
    • Talbert, J. (2009). Distance education: one solution to the nursing shortage?. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 13(3), 269-270.