Presentation skills (for sharing)

  • 247 views
Uploaded on

Tips for preparing for your presentation.

Tips for preparing for your presentation.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
247
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Select a topic and a clear purpose -
    • Brainstorm a list of topics that you know and care about.
    • Choose 1 topic from the list.
      • If topic is too broad, narrow it down by brainstorming again.
      • Try brainstorming questions your audience might have.
  • 3.
    • Determine your purpose: to inform/teach or persuade/convince.
      • Write it down as a purpose statement and try to make it more specific:  I want to teach my audience how to make a very good oral presentation by breaking the process down into easy steps
  • 4. Analyze your audience and keep their needs in mind as you design your talk.
    • Find out who they are or the type of people they are.
    • Determine their attitude to the topic and to you (positive/negative)
    • Estimate their knowledge about the topic (novice______expert)
  • 5. Gather ideas on your topic to meet your audience's needs and your purpose.
    • Research in the library and in the Internet. Be sure to acknowledge your sources.
    • Interview experts on the topic.
    • Share your relevant experiences.
  • 6. Organize your ideas in chunks of information (main points)
    • Categorize and label ideas
    • Develop a few main points relating to your purpose (3-5)
    • Map or outline your ideas in a hierarchy (tree)
  • 7. Prepare your presentation and outline
    • Develop points orally or in point form on paper
    • Write out your introduction and conclusion.
      • Intro should create interest, reveal topic, and preview main points. 
      • Conclusion sums up by repeating main points and suggesting implications or action for the audience
  • 8. Strategies for Beginning a Presentation
    • Story/anecdote
    • Rhetorical question
    • Joke
    • Starting fact
    • Overview of session
    • Recap previous session and link to yours
  • 9. Which one to use?
    • Relevant
    • Consistent with overall purpose of presentation
    • Comfort zone
  • 10. ELEMENTS OF A GOOD PRESENTOR
    • Self-management
      • Voice
      • Posture
      • Language
  • 11. Rapport with participants
      • Encourage learning
      • listening; acknowledging
      • Respect for the individual
      • Genuine concern for the participants’ learning needs
  • 12. Content and process management
    • Knowledge of the subject matter
    • Preparation; resourcefulness
    • Quick-thinking
    • Balancing depth/breadth of scope; time; learning capacity
  • 13. NON-VERBALS/ BODY LANGUAGE
    • Posture
    • Stand erect, relaxed, with weight on both feet
    • Avoid leaning and slouching
    • Standing on one foot or on your heels or feet wide apart may be received negatively
  • 14. POSITIVE BODY SIGNALS
    • Stillness of hands and feet
    • Open palm gestures
    • Leaning forward but chest out
    • Standing comfortably
    • Angling the body in the direction of the person
  • 15. NEGATIVE BODY SIGNALS
    • Nervous mannerisms
    • Playing with objects and personal effects
    • Affectations
    • Drawing attention to your sexuality
    • Pointing at people
    • Touching the face
  • 16. VOICE
    • SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES OF VOICE WORKS
    • Use diaphragmatic and abdominal control
    • Focus
    • Keep your pitch low
    • Keep your cheeks up; mouth widened a bit
  • 17. CARE FOR YOUR VOICE
    • Avoid cold liquids or drinks with caffeine
    • Avoid mints or food with sugar
    • Avoid food and drinks with lactose
  • 18. “ Turn offs”
    • Using clichés
    • Sermonizing/patronizing the audience
    • Lengthy presentations
    • Offensive humor or remarks
    • Being unprepared
    • Distractive mannerisms
  • 19. LANGUAGE
    • Use common language/dialect
    • * Technical terms
    • * Acronyms
    • * Idioms; slang
    • * High-sounding words
    • Caution on offending words/illustrations
  • 20. POINTERS FOR USING VISUALS
    • Talk to the audience.
    • Ensure everyone can see visuals.
    • Dim lights for slides.
    • Turn off/cover slide when talking about a topic not on the slide.
  • 21. POINTERS FOR VISUAL AIDS
    • Needed in the topic
    • Easy to read and understand
    • Be prepared to go without technology support.
    • Keep it simple
  • 22. SLIDE PRESENTATION POINTERS
    • Know your topic.
    • Use key phrases about your topic.
    • Limit the number of slides
    • Lay-out of slide should be easy to the eyes.
    • Avoid fancy fonts.
  • 23.
    • Use contrasting colors for text and background.
    • Use a standard template design for consistency.
    • Use animations, transitions, sound effects sparingly.
  • 24. ENDING THE PRESENTATION
    • Summarize, synthesize.
    • Go back to your objectives.
    • Reinforce key messages.
    • End on a positive note.
    • X Whimper toward the end.
    • X Fizzle out.
    • X Fade.
    • X Lose energy.
  • 25. CONCLUSION 
    • Good preparation makes you confident and results in a good talk, so prepare your talk and then practice your delivery:
      • choose a topic and get started early
      • determine a clear purpose and plan to fulfill it
      • know your audience and keep them in mind as you gather ideas and organize them into clear, separate points
      • rehearse your talk often using a speech outline (DON'T READ IT)
  • 26.
    • Good preparation and practice will reduce your anxiety.
    • Reference:
    • http://learning.concordia.ca/Help/handouts/ Oral%20Presentations/How_to_Prepare.shtml
  • 27.