THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
Congress is made up of the Senate (100 representatives) and the
House of Representatives (435 representatives). The legislative branch
can declare war and they can impeach the government. They can
overturn vetoed bills and they make the laws. They approve or reject
the president’s appointments and they have “The Power of the Purse”
which means they decide on the president’s budget.
THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH
The President leads the executive branch and the Vice President helps
him. The Cabinet advises the president. The executive branch directs
the military and they veto or accept bills/laws. The executive branch
also enforces laws and makes foreign policies. Finally, the executive
branch writes the Federal Budget.
THE JUDICIAL BRANCH
The Supreme Court leads the Judicial Branch. The Supreme Court is
made up of judges. The Judicial branch interprets laws and decide if
they are constitutional. They decide court cases and they settle cases
between two or more states.
Congress was established in 1787. The first Congress met in Federal
Hall in New York City. The Congress of the United States is the
LegislativeBbranch of the federal government. Compromise of the
House Of Representatives and the Senate, the Congress brings
together 435 representatives of the people., 100 Senators from the 50
states and 5 delegates from the territories of the United States- an
assembly of 540 to make the laws that govern the nation.
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
The United States House of Representatives is one of the of the two houses of the
United States Congress. The Constitution provided for at least one representative
for each state. Originally, there was one representative for every 30,000 people in
the state. Today there is one representative pre several hundred thousand people. To
be a representative, you have to be 25 years old, a U.S. citizen for 7 years. The
House of Representatives votes on new laws called bills. A bill must be voted on
and passed by both the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives and
signed by the President of the United States in order to become a law.
Congress, includes another lawmaking body called the Senate. Voters elect two senators
from each state, regardless of population size. There is equal representation from each
state in the Senate. It doesn't matter if the state is big or small, how big it’s population
is, or where it is located. Senators are elected every 6 years. To be a senator a person must
be at least 30 years old, a U.S. citizen for at least 9 years, and have fulfilled the
requirements for residency in the state that person wishes to represent. A senator’s job is
to represent the people living in his or her state in the United States Senate. Part of this
job is to write and vote on new laws called bills. A bill must be voted on and passed by
both the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives and signed by the President of
the United States in order to become a law. The senate can also approve treaties.
WHY WE SHOULD HAVE 3
BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT
We should have three branches of government for many reasons. One
purpose of having three branches of government is to provide a system
of government with checks and balances. The branches each have the
power to check one another. This sets a system in place where one branch
can not become more powerful than the others. They did not want these
powers to be controlled by just one man or one group. The delegates were
afraid that if a small group received too much power, the United States
would wind up under the rule of another dictator or tyrant.