THE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT
LEGISLATIVE, EXECUTIVE, JUDICIAL
The three branches of government are legislative, executive, and judicial.
They all are part of the government.
In this presentation, you will learn all about these branches of government.
THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
The legislative branch is a branch of government that is made up of Congress, which is the House of
Representatives and the Senate.
The legislative branch writes the bills which go to the executive branch. If the president vetos the bill, the
legislative branch can override that, so if two-thirds of Congress votes for the bill, then the bill becomes a
The legislative branch can also impeach the president or a judge if they act suspicious or unusual.
The legislative branch also declares war.
It approves and rejects the president’s appointments.
It has the “Power of the Purse”, which means that it must approve of the presidents budget.
Congress is split into two parts, the Senate and The House of Representatives
There are 535 people in Congress
SENATE THE HOUSE OF
The Senate has 100 representatives
Each state sends two representatives, there
are 50 states so that makes 100.
The House of Representatives has 435 members. It is
on population. Depending on how big the state is,
How many representatives that state gets. For example,
would have more representatives than New Jersey.
The House of Representatives and the Senate meet in
different parts of the same building, The Capitol in
Washington, D.C. Each year, Congress considers more
than 10,000 bills. Only about 650 of those bills ever
You must be 30 years old and be a
US citizen for the past 9 years to be
in the Senate. They serve 6 years
You have to be 25 to be in the House of
Representatives and have to live in the
state you represent. They serve 2 years
THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH
The President and Cabinet are in the executive branch. There are 15 executive departments.
The executive branch enforces laws and approves or rejects Congress bills.
The executive branch directs military and makes foreign policy.
The executive branch also writes the federal budget.
The Cabinet includes the Vice President and the heads of 15 executive departments. The cabinets are:
the Secretaries of Agriculture,
Health and Human Services,
Housing and Urban Development,
The cabinet assists the president and helps him make a better nation.
THE JUDICIAL BRANCH
The Supreme Court is part of the judicial branch, it has nine justices.
The judicial branch interprets laws and decides if bills are unconstitutional.
The judicial branch decides court cases and settles cases between two or more states.
WHY DO WE HAVE THESE BRANCHES?
The people wanted to divide power of the government. They did not want these powers to be controlled
by just one person or group. The people were afraid that if a small group got too much power, the United
States would end up under the rule of another dictator.
To avoid the risk of dictatorship, the people divided the new government into three parts, or branches:
the executive branch, the legislative branch, and the judicial branch.
FOR MR.STEIN: HERE IS A WEBSITE A RECOMMEND:
It is a Flocabulary video, we watch them in reading. It has vocab words and it explains what each
branch does. It is great! Mr.Stein, you should use this video in social studies. I helps you learn!!! (you
can also use Flocabulary in reading to learn new words!!!)