MS thesis in Na began w/ charts & graphs Survey of lit required. Must fit into ac. debate Swales: 98% RP’s are in English & thus inevitably culturally bound & defined
Non-West. Discourse models Chi indirect vs. US direct criticism Finns less emph. on struc., org. Uks avoid eye-cathcing feature Arab/Asian: cover all aspects before coming to “pt.” NNS trouble with ANY writing WAC—esp. in nonverbal fields
“For excellence, the presence of others is required.”
Stk. Wds. phrases to intro. each sec. of RP—used by all acad. wrs. Profs. know intuitively; others don’t Practical means of generating and und. Spec. sents. & specific funcs. As well as gen. & analyze major rhetorical divisions & their “macro” functions Other funcs.—p’phrase, sum, quote, evidence, shift in pov, counter-arg., etc.
¶1 The Hamburg docs. place particular emphasis on the environment in which learning takes place. They recommend that there be awareness-raising campaigns on the need to learn, on promoting learning as "a joy, a tool…”
¶2 The Agenda for the future (1997b) specifically calls for the enhancing of the literacy environment through—
Can you summarize Ellis, Paragraph 3? Which template?
Ellis believes that Namibians have very few reading habits because reading is not required in normal daily business.
The solution to the lack of a reading culture seems paradoxical, but is in fact quite simple: as one of the foremost authorities on reading, Frank Smith (1978) says, ”…people learn to read by reading.” Thus, since practice in reading is what improves one’s ability to read….
Thus, only once literacy becomes a way of life, will the social pressure exist for everyone to become literate. ( ¶ 3)
Although teachers for some strange reason seem to hate them, there is a very important place for comics, photo-novels, the Reader’s Digest, romantic novels, sensational newspapers and magazines, etc. ( ¶4 )
TEMPLATES for ‘WHO CARES’ (Signif. & Meta-Commentary)
My research corrects the earlier mistaken interpretation that…
These findings challenge dieters’ common assumptions that…
At first glance, teenagers appear to… But on closer inspection….
Ultimately, what’s at stake here is…
These findings support the claim that…
X is important to everyone concerned about social justice because…
(7) THE THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY AND SPECIFIC HEAT OF EPOXY RESIN FROM 0.1 TO 80K.
(6) The thermal properties of glassy materials at low temperatures are still not completely understood. [Move 1a]
(2) The thermal conductivity has a plateau which is usually in the range from 5 to 10K, and below this temperature it has a temperature dependence which varies approximately as T2. [1a-General knowledge]
(4) The specific heat below 4K is much larger than that which would be expected from the Debye theory, and it often has an additional term which is proportional to T. [1a-general know.]
(3) Some progress has been made towards understanding the thermal behavior by assuming that there is a cut-off in the photon spectrum at high frequencies (Zaitlin and Anderson, 1995a,b), and that there is an additional system of low-lying two-level states (Anderson et al., 2002; Phillips, 1997). [1b: Previous research]
(1) Nevertheless more experimental data are required, and in particular, it would seem desirable to make experiments on glassy samples whose properties can be varied slightly from one to the other. [2-gap]
(5) The present investigation reports attempts to do this by using various samples of the same epoxy resin which have been subjected to different curing cycles.
(8) Measurements of the specific heat (or the diffusivity) and the thermal conductivity have been taken in the temperature range 0.1 to 80K for a set of specimens which covered up to nine different curing cycles. [3e-rpt. struc.]