World Literature II Renaissance to the Present Dr. Michael Broder University of South Carolina February 2, 2012
Daily Write #8 <ul><li>Scholar Leonard Prager writes, “ It is not strange that few people remember the Clown in  Othello ....
Upcoming Assignments <ul><li>2/7 Shakespeare,  Othello , Acts 4 & 5 </li></ul><ul><li>2/9 Molière,  Tartuffe </li></ul><ul...
Work and Play <ul><li>Plays are called plays because they involve playing = pretending = imagination = having fun </li></u...
Horace (65-8 BCE),  Ars Poetica,  333-4 <ul><li>Aut prodesse volunt aut delectare poetae </li></ul><ul><li>aut simul et iu...
The Mary Poppins Theory of Literature “In every job that must be done, there is an element of fun. You find the fun, and s...
Horace’s Maxim in the Renaissance <ul><li>The idea of  pleasure  and  instruction  in poetry resurfaces </li></ul><ul><ul>...
The Defence of Poesy (1583) <ul><li>[The poet’s] effects be so good as to  teach  goodness, and  delight  the learners of ...
Different Works, Different Plays <ul><li>Is teaching goodness/moral  doctrine the only “work” that literary “play” can do?...
Mary Poppins and Shakespeare <ul><li>How well does Mary Poppins’ theory describe the combination of work and play in poems...
Some Questions about Iago’s Motives and Actions <ul><li>What’s the point of trying to turn Brabantio against Othello? </li...
Back to Bahktin: Carnival vs. Satirical Laughter <ul><li>C a rnival laughter = grotesque bodily functions are associated w...
Carnival vs. Satirical in  Othello <ul><li>For example, the “beast with two backs” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rabelais  uses th...
Upcoming Assignments <ul><li>2/7 Shakespeare,  Othello , Acts 4 & 5 </li></ul><ul><li>2/9 Molière,  Tartuffe </li></ul><ul...
World Literature II Renaissance to the Present Dr. Michael Broder University of South Carolina February 2, 2012
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

World Lit II - Class Notes for February 2, 2012

347 views
310 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
347
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

World Lit II - Class Notes for February 2, 2012

  1. 1. World Literature II Renaissance to the Present Dr. Michael Broder University of South Carolina February 2, 2012
  2. 2. Daily Write #8 <ul><li>Scholar Leonard Prager writes, “ It is not strange that few people remember the Clown in Othello . He appears twice, speaking a total of about a dozen lines, and is not especially humorous. Most critical discussions of the play simply ignore the Clown.” How would you explain the clown’s function in Act 3 of Othello ? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Upcoming Assignments <ul><li>2/7 Shakespeare, Othello , Acts 4 & 5 </li></ul><ul><li>2/9 Molière, Tartuffe </li></ul><ul><li>2/14 Molière, Tartuffe </li></ul>
  4. 4. Work and Play <ul><li>Plays are called plays because they involve playing = pretending = imagination = having fun </li></ul><ul><li>We think of play as the opposite of work </li></ul><ul><li>But does a play do work ? </li></ul><ul><li>“ The play’s the thing wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the king” (Hamlet, 2.2.599-600) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hamlet is trying to provoke is uncle Claudius to show some sign of guilt about killing Hamlet’s father </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Horace (65-8 BCE), Ars Poetica, 333-4 <ul><li>Aut prodesse volunt aut delectare poetae </li></ul><ul><li>aut simul et iucunda et idonea dicere vitae. </li></ul><ul><li>Poets wish either to profit ( prodesse ) or to delight ( delectare ) or at the same time ( simul ) to say things both pleasant ( iucunda ) and suited to life ( idonea vitae ). </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Mary Poppins Theory of Literature “In every job that must be done, there is an element of fun. You find the fun, and snap! The job’s a game.”
  7. 7. Horace’s Maxim in the Renaissance <ul><li>The idea of pleasure and instruction in poetry resurfaces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sir Philip Sydney (1554-1586) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Dryden (1631-1700) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Renaissance writers throughout Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By this time, however, Horace’s either/or has become an emphasis primarily on moral instruction </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Defence of Poesy (1583) <ul><li>[The poet’s] effects be so good as to teach goodness, and delight the learners of it… [T]herein – namely in moral doctrine , the chief of all knowledges – he doth not only far pass the historian, but for instructing is well nigh comparable to the philosopher. </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Philip Sidney </li></ul><ul><li>The Defence of Poesy (1583) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Different Works, Different Plays <ul><li>Is teaching goodness/moral doctrine the only “work” that literary “play” can do? </li></ul><ul><li>What other kinds of work can literature do? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Mary Poppins and Shakespeare <ul><li>How well does Mary Poppins’ theory describe the combination of work and play in poems, stories, plays, etc? </li></ul><ul><li>How well does it describe Othello ? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the “job that must be done” in Othello ? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the “element of fun” in Othello ? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Some Questions about Iago’s Motives and Actions <ul><li>What’s the point of trying to turn Brabantio against Othello? </li></ul><ul><li>How would this help Iago displace Cassio and rise in rank? </li></ul><ul><li>Does Iago only develop his plot to frame Desdemona for adultery after his earlier plan fails to tear Othello and Desdemona apart? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Back to Bahktin: Carnival vs. Satirical Laughter <ul><li>C a rnival laughter = grotesque bodily functions are associated with fertility and the subversion of authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Democratic, anarchic impulse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Satirical laugher = grotesque bodily functions are associated with sterility and the breakdown of traditional moral values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Autocratic, authoritarian impulse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Could we analyze Othello in terms of carnival versus satirical laughter? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Carnival vs. Satirical in Othello <ul><li>For example, the “beast with two backs” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rabelais uses the image to celebrate the fertility of the relationship of Grandousier and Gargamelle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subversion of authority? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Democratic, anarchic impulse? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iago uses the image to condemn the sterility of the relationship of Othello and Desdemona </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Breakdown of traditional moral values? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Autocratic, authoritarian impulse? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Upcoming Assignments <ul><li>2/7 Shakespeare, Othello , Acts 4 & 5 </li></ul><ul><li>2/9 Molière, Tartuffe </li></ul><ul><li>2/14 Molière, Tartuffe </li></ul>
  15. 15. World Literature II Renaissance to the Present Dr. Michael Broder University of South Carolina February 2, 2012

×