Three basic purposes of private water supply systems: To provide water solely for fire protection To provide water for sanitary purposes and fire protection To provide water for fire protection and manufacturing processes Three basic purposes of private water supply systems: To provide water solely for fire protection To provide water for sanitary purposes and fire protection To provide water for fire protection and manufacturing processes
Fire Detection and Suppression Chapter 6 Automatic Sprinkler Systems
Purpose : Discharge an extinguishing agent onto a fire while the fire is in the incipient stage
* Should be simple , reliable , automatic , & use a readily available and inexpensive extinguishing agent Understanding sprinkler system operation is important so that firefighting operations in sprinklered buildings can be carried out in the most efficient manner.
Reliability factor of 96% when sprinkler system is installed & maintained properly.
In 75% of the reported fires in sprinklered buildings, the fire was controlled by 10 or fewer sprinkler heads.
There has never been a multiple loss of life (3 or more deaths) due to fire and smoke in a building protected by a sprinkler system except in the case of intimate contact with the fire or an explosion.
Reasons that sprinkler systems fail to protect:
inadequate or inoperative water supply
incorrect system design
obstructions in system
Reasons for Installation 1. Code requirements 2. Insurance incentives 3. Fire protection of life & property 4. Flexibility in building design