LA BIMstorm - AIA Bim Awards Jury's Choice Award 2008
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LA BIMstorm - AIA Bim Awards Jury's Choice Award 2008

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ONUMA, Inc. led the LA BIMstorm team which won the AIA BIM Awards Jury's Choice Award 2008. In 24-hours 133 international team "landed" more than 50 million square of buildings on Los Angeles in ...

ONUMA, Inc. led the LA BIMstorm team which won the AIA BIM Awards Jury's Choice Award 2008. In 24-hours 133 international team "landed" more than 50 million square of buildings on Los Angeles in Google Earth. The buildings were run through cost analysis, energy analysis, structural analysis, mechanical analysis, code analysis, design analysis and other significant planning processes. In conjunction with the ground-breaking virtual design processes, a real home was built in Northern Mexico to demonstrate that BIM processes on the web are not just beneficial to virtual processes. The familia Corazon home build was documented on Telemundo television throughout Mexico. For more information on web-based collaboration BIMstorm processes see www.onuma.com

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    LA BIMstorm - AIA Bim Awards Jury's Choice Award 2008 LA BIMstorm - AIA Bim Awards Jury's Choice Award 2008 Presentation Transcript

    • International BIM Charette
    • International BIM Charette 1 Design Team Members by Role - Defining Their Roles 2 Relevant Work flows and Data Exchanges to Realize Goals (within the category submitted) 3 Quantify the Benefits Achieved (Based on the category of the submission) 4 Non-Technology Factors 5 Quantifiable Benefits Addressing Costs, Schedule, Quality and Sustainability 6 Clear Depiction Using Interoperability to Gain Design Benefits 7 Effective Team Collaboration 8 Process Change that Enhances Overall Architecture Services 9 Documentation of Innovative Processes used to Realize the Project 10 Cultural Change in the Way Projects are Delivered 11 Google Earth | KML Files
    • International BIM Charette | Table of Contents BIM Los Angeles | Project Overview ................................................. 4 Design Team Members by Role - Defining Their Roles .......................... 5 Relevant Workflows and Data Exchanges .......................................... 8 Quantifying Benefits Achieved ......................................................... 11 Non Technology Factors ................................................................. 15 Quantifiable Benefits Addressing Costs, Schedule, Quality and Sustainability ................................................................................. 18 Clear depiction of using interoperability to gain design benefits ........ 22 Process Change that Enhances Overall Architecture Services ............ 33 Documentation of Innovative Processes Used to Realize the Project ....35 Cultural Change in the Way Projects Are Delivered .......................... 36 Google Earth | KML Files ............................................................... 37
    • International BIM Charette BIM Los Angeles | Project Overview On January 31, 2008 architects, planners, engineers, industry experts, government agencies, academia, students and a multitude of experts from a cross section of building industry gathered virtually to “ Encouraging experimentation and design over 60 Los Angeles city blocks encompassing being controversial is good. It is much 40 million square feet in real-time. Preparation for the charrette continued for about one month and the core better to make mistakes in the virtual of the charrette itself happened in a 24 hour period world than to make them in the real (the day before this document was created). world. Make a lot of mistakes, make ” Comprising 600 acres, the Cornfields area, just north them fast and move on. of Chinatown and downtown Los Angeles, was the site. Two major freeway and a light rail system runs through the predominantly industrial area, interspersed among sporadic multi-family residential developments and artists lofts.  The International (Building Information Modeling) BIM Charette was an unprecedented mass collaboration of small one person offices and large architectural firms working in real time to design with information. It demonstrated a systematic approach for design, promoted, sharing, open-ness and acting globally.  The technologies used were desktop applications and BIM. What made it possible to collaborate worldwide in real time was a web based BIM model server with a user interface that allowed access and editing of the BIM data on the web in real time. Although the scenarios were fictional, the architectural and planning set was real. The intent was not to create a “final” optimal solution, but to create an engine that allowed rapid scenario building to create a trajectory and then to be able to adjust the assumptions to get varying results. As architects we have the opportunity to increase the value we provide to clients and society by imagining and aggregating decisions at a much larger scale and with a direct connection to what the implications are in the future.
    • 1 Design Team Members by Role - Defining Their Roles International BIM Charette With the size of each team ranging from one to ten Design Team Members by Role - Defining Their Roles people, over ten teams each collaborated in the 24 hour charrette. Teams were defined by task and expertise. The goal was not to focus on technology but on the experience and capabilities of each individual. The real “ Architects should be looked at as time collaborative process using a web based system information experts. In this new reality, allowed the teams to function as a whole. The teams included, owners, architects, planners, standards architects are in the information organizations, energy analysis, codes, cost, lifecycle, business and positioning ourselves to emergency planners, and Geographic Information understand this demonstrates the System (GIS) analysts. For clarity sake, the teams were relevance of our profession.  The line identified to have two levels of participation. Creators and analysts. The design and planning fulfilled the between what is software and what is ” “creator roles,” while the analysts roles included their architecture will start to blue. immediate reaction, comments and expertise that provided valuable information on the projects as they progressed.
    • 2 Relevant Workflows and Data Exchanges International BIM Charette
    • 2 Relevant Workflows and Data Exchanges International BIM Charette
    • 2 Relevant Workflows and Data Exchanges International BIM Charette Relevantworkflows in architectural and planning processes Typical Workflows and Data Exchanges are linear and drawn out over time. The International BIM Charette was based on traditional charrettes that had all stakeholders in a room together. The main difference is that the participants were not in the room together but spread out all over the world and interconnected with technologies and new processes. Workflows happened in parallel.
    • 2 Relevant Workflows and Data Exchanges International BIM Charette
    • 2 Relevant Workflows and Data Exchanges International BIM Charette
    • 3 Quantifying Benefits Achieved International BIM Charette 153,956,533 square Achieved Quantifying Benefitsfeet of program area and 1,124 buildings were designed in 24 hours, by 25 teams and more than 130 people. The equivalent of millions of pages of documents were catalogued. The 1,124 buildings could be exported in various formats including BIM IFC files. The fact that the BIM data was in the Web Based Online BIM database, that allowed users instant access to hundreds of thousands of individual plan files was a huge benefit. On many desktop BIM applications opening a single BIM file takes from three minutes to ten minutes each depending on size. Having to work with 1,124 building would take up most of a 24 hour period in opening and closing files alone. Out of the total area studied, 54,755,153 square feet was submitted by all the teams at the end of the 24 hour charrette.
    • 3 Quantifying Benefits Achieved International BIM Charette
    • 3 Quantifying Benefits Achieved International BIM Charette
    • 3 Quantifying Benefits Achieved International BIM Charette
    • 4 Non Technology Factors International BIM Charette Non Technology Factors The willingness to collaborate in an open way through the internet and working in real time, took more than just an internet connection. Change is required to accept the new process. Prior the the start of the charrette, teams were invited from around the world to collaborate and prepare for the BIM charrette. The teams assembled were willing to accept this changed process that included much more transparency in sharing of information.
    • 4 International BIM Charette Non Technology Factors
    • 4 Non Technology Factors International BIM Charette Structural Sketch
    • Quantifiable Benefits Addressing Costs, Schedule, Quality and Sustainability 5 International BIM Charette Quantifiable Benefits Addressing Costs, Schedule, Quality and Sustainability Cost analysis were generated in real time as the designs progressed. In the early stages of design, the costs were in lower levels of detail. As the day progressed more detailed cost analysis were created for selected projects. Operations and life cycle costing for 20 years on selected projects were completed within the 24 hour period. Energy use was calculated in real time on all projects as well.
    • Quantifiable Benefits Addressing Costs, Schedule, Quality and Sustainability 5 International BIM Charette Operation Costs Summary Whitestone Research Building: Bank Tower GSFT: 1,940,00 Building Number: B 39_961 Replacement Value: $326,937,474 Facility: Bank Tower (S39_619) Building Use: Office City: Los Angeles, CA Building Type: Corporate Office Built Date: 2008 Annual Annual Operation Cost/GSFT Total Percent Custodial $1.627 $3,155,604 14.8% Refuse $0.072 $139,098 0.7% M&R $2.407 $4,669,774 21.9% Energy $3.495 $6,779,330 31.8% Water/Sewer $0.111 $214,952 1.0% Grounds $0.246 $476,658 2.2% Pest Control $0.065 $125,130 0.6% Road Clearance $0.020 $38,800 0.2% Security $0.695 $1,347,524 6.3% Management $1.786 $3,465,537 16.2% Telecom $0.475 $922,082 4.3% Building Total $11.00 $21,334,489 100.0% Custodial Refuse M&R Energy Water/Sew er Grounds Pest Control Road Clearance Security Management Telecom $0 $1,000,000 $2,000,000 $3,000,000 $4,000,000 $5,000,000 $6,000,000 $7,000,000 $8,000,000 All costs expressed in ($) 2007. 31-Jan-08 Page 1
    • Quantifiable Benefits Addressing Costs, Schedule, Quality and Sustainability 5 International BIM Charette
    • Quantifiable Benefits Addressing Costs, Schedule, Quality and Sustainability 5 International BIM Charette
    • 6 Clear Depiction Using Interoperability to Gain Design Benefits International BIM Charette Clear depiction of using interoperability to gain design benefits Building Information Modeling using open standards based exchanges of Industry Foundation Classes (IFC), Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) and Open “ For years we’ve used 3D and BIM Standards Consortium for Real Estate (OSCRE) were used as the core of the exchanges that happened on all of our large design projects. With through the Internet. This was using a model server that BIMStorm we were able to take it to the was not a file based system. The data was created on next level and was able to avoid design the fly as users edited in various interfaces. This is much mistakes early on. Working this way different than storing and retrieving files from an FTP site gains a lot of profit. We can see how on the internet and the reason why data editing is possible in real time with hundreds of users. All of the we can save hundreds of thousands of data was geospatially located using OGC standards. ” euros. The fact that the buildings used the local coordinate systems of BIM and the global coordinate systems of GIS and resolved them, allowed for both urban scale master planning and local building or room level planning to happen in an integrated way. Each user did not need to know about the technicalities of the coordinate system, and focused on their task while being assured that it was landing in the correct geospatial location.
    • 6 Clear Depiction Using Interoperability to Gain Design Benefits International BIM Charette “ We immediately noticed real time information as well as longer term ” strategic information.
    • 7 Effective Team Collaboration International BIM Charette The International BIM Charrette demonstrated porous boundaries, and utilized resources outside the traditional enclosures, harnessing external knowledge, capabilities and information. Void of independent silos, this upset traditional processes. In real-time, architects working in tandem with industry experts supported transparent back-and-forth communication while generating rapid design iterations.  Projects as they were developed online were immediately visible by other analysts reducing the need for time consuming coordination. For example, the structural engineers in Hawaii, were able to immediately design the structural system for several buildings as they were being designed. One team prepared the design of a house and had the house built in one day for needy families in Mexico. The scale of collaboration from large projects to single family homes all happened using the same open standards. A web site forum for communication was created. Teams communicated directly with each other and posted text and file messages. This was separate from online and offline BIM tools. 354 separate messages were posted, and 2864 views of those messages were generated. Teams attach comments directly to BIM online.
    • 7 Effective Team Collaboration International BIM Charette Statistics for 24 Hours Number of Firms 68 Firms Number of Players 84 People Number of Analysts 49 People Total Number of Players 133 People Total Est. Man Hours During 24 Hour Period 650 Hours Construction Team 40 People Number of Teams 25 Teams Number of Observers 700 People Number of Countries 11 Universities 5 Students 80 People Miles Travelled to Assemble in One Location 0 Miles Number of Buildings in All Schemes 1,124 Buildings Total Area Floor Area of All Designs 153,956,533 SF Number of Buildings in Submitted Schemes 420 Buildings Number of BIM IFC Files 420 IFC Files Total Area Floor Area of Submitted Schemes 54,755,153 SF Total Estimated Energy Use for Submitted Schemes 795,486,320 kWh / Year Total Acreage of Submitted Schemes 4,017 Acres Smallest Project 600 SF House Largest Project 1,940,000 SF Tower Estimated Equivalent Letter Size Reports, Plans, Cost, Created During 24 Hour Period 2,800,000 Pages Estimated Equivalent Height of Paper Stacked on Top of Each Other for All Reports 1,100 Feet
    • 7 Effective Team Collaboration International BIM Charette Teams were structured by the type of project and location on the project site. Collaboration in real time was encouraged and supported with open communication and ability to “see” neighboring teams design Desktop BIM decisions. Some quotes throughout the day “Your building is on top of my Owners & Developers building, can you move it please.” “Lets plan for a community park at the border of our projects.” Planners & Architects GIS “Don’t forget to use green roofs.” Analysts Energy Analysis & Sustainable Design OSCRE Operations & Maintenance Building Life Cycle SMARTCodes Cost Estimators Fire/Emergency Planning
    • 7 Effective Team Collaboration International BIM Charette Rather than using disconnected email communication, and online forum supplemented the live data of one BIM projects. Teams were encouraged to communicate openly about project issues. The transparency of information lead to faster and more accurate decision making. Analysts were able to spot problems in real time and make recommendations to the teams as they saw the decisions materializing.
    • 7 Effective Team Collaboration International BIM Charette 24 Hour Coordination UK Switzerland Hong Kong PST CST EST The challenge of working across multiple time zones rapidly turned into an opportunity to accelerate 4:00 PM A 5:00 PM A 12:00 AM 8:00 AM A 10:00 AM A 11:00 AM A collaboration as the projects and 5:00 PM A 6:00 PM A 1:00 AM A 9:00 AM A 11:00 AM A 12:00 PM A decision making moved across the 6:00 PM B 7:00 PM A 2:00 AM 10:00 AM A 12:00 PM A 1:00 PM A globe. 7:00 PM 8:00 PM A 3:00 AM 11:00 AM A 1:00 PM A 2:00 PM A 8:00 PM 9:00 PM A 4:00 AM 12:00 PM A 2:00 PM A 3:00 PM A 9:00 PM 10:00 PM A 5:00 AM 1:00 PM A 3:00 PM A 4:00 PM A 10:00 PM B 11:00 PM A 6:00 AM 2:00 PM A 4:00 PM A 5:00 PM A 11:00 PM B 12:00 AM A 7:00 AM 3:00 PM A 5:00 PM A 6:00 PM A 12:00 AM B 1:00 AM A 8:00 AM A 4:00 PM A 6:00 PM A 7:00 PM A 1:00 AM B 2:00 AM 9:00 AM A 5:00 PM A 7:00 PM A 8:00 PM A 2:00 AM 3:00 AM 10:00 AM A 6:00 PM A 8:00 PM A 9:00 PM 3:00 AM 4:00 AM 11:00 AM A 7:00 PM A 9:00 PM 10:00 PM 4:00 AM 5:00 AM 12:00 PM A 8:00 PM A 10:00 PM 11:00 PM 5:00 AM 6:00 AM 1:00 PM A 9:00 PM A 11:00 PM 12:00 AM 6:00 AM 7:00 AM A 2:00 PM A 10:00 PM B 12:00 AM 1:00 AM 7:00 AM B 8:00 AM A 3:00 PM A 11:00 PM B 1:00 AM 2:00 AM 8:00 AM B 9:00 AM A 4:00 PM A 12:00 AM B 2:00 AM 3:00 AM 9:00 AM B 10:00 AM A 5:00 PM A 1:00 AM 3:00 AM 4:00 AM 10:00 AM B 11:00 AM A 6:00 PM A 2:00 AM 4:00 AM 5:00 AM 11:00 AM B 12:00 PM A 7:00 PM A 3:00 AM 5:00 AM 6:00 AM 12:00 PM B 1:00 PM A 8:00 PM 4:00 AM 6:00 AM 7:00 AM 1:00 PM B 2:00 PM A 9:00 PM 5:00 AM 7:00 AM 8:00 AM A 2:00 PM A 3:00 PM A 10:00 PM 6:00 AM A 8:00 AM A 9:00 AM A 3:00 PM A 4:00 PM A 11:00 PM 7:00 AM A 9:00 AM A 10:00 AM A
    • 7 Effective Team Collaboration International BIM Charette This is a snapshot of a small portion of Milestones PST Zone activities that occurred throughout the 8:00 AM Start of International BIM Charrette. Owners submit BIM Request Teams in US and UK Start day. Some of the teams worked for Projects 9:00 AM 100 Buildings Submitted by Architects and Planners Engineers Start Analysis Of Schemes closely with each other due to the fact 10:00 AM Physical Home Construction Starts in Mexico Life Cycle Analysis of Schemes Starts that their needs intersected. Other 11:00 AM Fire Stations Defined for Entire Area. Online Training and Support For All Teams teams were aware of the activities that Earthquake of 2012 Defined as a Scenario for Los Angeles Starts 12:00 PM were occurring, but were not directly 1:00 PM impacting their own project. For 200 Buildings Submitted by Architects and Planners University Team Demonstrates Immersive View in 3D 2:00 PM example there was one team that 3:00 PM planned for the physical construction Green Roof and Sustainability Recommendations Submitted of a single family home in Mexico. 4:00 PM Teams in Philippines Start 5:00 PM Structural Analysis of Towers Submitted in BIM Teams in Hong Kong Start All projects and teams were working 6:00 PM 300 Buildings Submitted by Architects and Planners on interoperable systems and 7:00 PM Teams in Netherlands Starts (3 am) therefore had access to decisions that 8:00 PM Physical Home Construction Completed in Mexico for One were happening in real time. The scale Home 9:00 PM of the projects ranged from single 10:00 PM family homes to multi story towers. 11:00 PM 12:00 AM Teams in Germany and Switzerland Start 1:00 AM Teams in UK Start 2:00 AM Operating Room Specifications and 3D Model Complete for Mechanical Engineering Completed for Tower by Netherlands Team Hospital 3:00 AM Teams in US Break for the Night 4:00 AM Teams on EST Start Up 5:00 AM 6:00 AM Energy Analysis Results 7:00 AM Home built in Mexico on Jan. 31, 2008 8:00 AM 420 Buildings Submitted by Architects and Planners Wrap up and preparation for 1PM overview of 24 hours.
    • 7 Effective Team Collaboration International BIM Charette don’t forget to John Smith
    • 7 Effective Team Collaboration International BIM Charette All projects were using both a Geospatial Coordinate System (GIS) and local BIM coordinate system. The resolution between GIS and BIM used open standards. This allowed for collaboration among all teams regardless of project location and scale, in real time.
    • 7 Effective Team Collaboration International BIM Charette Teams were taught to use only Excel Skills to create Rapid Blocking and Stacking Models. BIM IFC files were automatically generated. The emphasis was on collaboration no matter what skill level you had with BIM. The value is in the knowledge and process not the technology. 750,000 SF program requirements for a US Coast Guard building created from Excel.
    • 8 Process Change that Enhances Overall Architecture Services International BIM Charette The web-based charrette captured the Architecture Services Process Change that Enhances Overall accumulated knowledge and benefitted the For years we’ve used 3D and entire team. For instance, a team of engineers BIM on all of our large design made immediate comments and greatly projects. This charrette took us impacted design decisions because the to the next level and we were process was in realtime. able to avoid design mistakes early on and make a viable Another example is a German medical design. Working this way gains a lot of profit. We can see how equipment and operating room manufacturer it will save hundreds of supplying BIM data to a Florida architect, with thousands of euros. the client interacting simultaneously. This virtual ongoing process demonstrated unification in real time. Team from Netherlands Teams also had the power to make critical decisions early in the design process and the full life cycle of the project, by tapping into resources like LEEDS, sustainability reports, energy use, and then taking that information for comparison strategies and design implications that support carbon neutral goals helping the team connect data that could achieved 2030 goals.
    • 8 Process Change that Enhances Overall Architecture Services International BIM Charette Medical Planners were defining the requirements for a hospital as operating room equipment suppliers were laying out the specifications for a detailed view of the OR rooms. This was all happening in parallel and then attached to the projects.
    • Documentation of Innovative Processes used to Realize the Project 9 International BIM Charette Documentation of Innovative Processes Used to Realize the Project The entire process and all versions of design were captured in an online database as the projects progressed. Decisions and comments were tracked at the building and room level. In other words when a LEEDS expert commented on a part of the design, an interface allowed that expert to incorporate messages in the building model itself. SMARTCodes™ from the International Code Council were used to demonstrate automatic code checking of BIM.
    • Cultural Change in the Way Projects Are Delivered 10 International BIM Charette In the end it is notin the Way Projects Are Delivered Cultural Change about the technology and is everything about the cultural change needed to change the way projects are delivered and the industry. The technology used for the International BIM Charrette has been around for years. The resistance to change is huge in an industry and planet that needs that change yesterday. Architects and planners have the ability to drive this change, and with the proof that this is possible for the profession to advance toward 2030.
    • 11 Google Earth | KML Files | IFC Files International BIM Charette Google Earth | KML Files Project team members linked BIM to GIS and viewed BIM data in geospatial view using tools such as Google Earth. Google Earth KML Files Attached KML file illustrates the process and type of analysis that was conducted. The KML file is a self playing animation or the user can select what to view. Playing the Google Earth File 1. Open “AIA TAP Awards Project” folder 2. Select Folder “Click Me - Play Tour” 3. Select the Play Button 4. Pause at any point to view the model and data in more detail NOTE: as part of this project, 420 buildings were created in BIM at varying levels of detail. A sampling of some of the buildings are being submitted. In addition there were 420 IFC files total. Three are part of this TAP submittal. All the schemes are available in Google Earth KML as well as IFC, GBXML, Excel and other formats. These files are all on the model server and can be accessed in real time. In order to maintain anonymity for this submittal, some sample files were downloaded and attached to this submittal. The actual projects files are accessible on the internet.