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June 2012 Correctional Forum

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Correctional Forum is printed three times a year by the Pennsylvania Prison Society. I am the managing editor and designer. The newsletter addresses current issues in the criminal justice system, as ...

Correctional Forum is printed three times a year by the Pennsylvania Prison Society. I am the managing editor and designer. The newsletter addresses current issues in the criminal justice system, as well as news from the organization.

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    June 2012 Correctional Forum June 2012 Correctional Forum Document Transcript

    • June 2012  Correctional Forum Correctional Forum June 2012 A Publication of the Pennsylvania Prison SocietyPromoting a humane, just and constructive correctional system and a rational approach to criminal justice since 1787Over 95,000 Children in Pennsylvania have a Parent in PrisonNew report includes the effects on children, recommended actionsby Bridget Fifer “This last December 31, I asked the cial proceedings, care-giving shortcom- barrassment, to the shame….” Moreinmates at the county jail how many ings, and lack of contact with incarcer- severe cases of neglect after a parent’sof them had children, and 90 per- ated parents, children across the nation arrest were mentioned in the report,cent of them raised their hands. My are experiencing such as “a child asnext question was, ‘Who was raising trauma, fear, isola- young as six yearstheir children?’” Philadelphia Mayor tion, and neglect. old who was sim-Michael Nutter’s question leads to the An example is ply left behind inbroader question of how the estimated Miss America, the apartment…95,000 children in Pennsylvania with Laura Kaeppeler, without makingincarcerated parents are affected by who experienced arrangements fortheir situation. firsthand what him and his baby it’s like to have an brother (the boy A new report entitled, “The incarcerated par- tried to take careEffects of Parental Incarceration on ent and describes of himself andChildren: Needs and Responsive the emotional his baby brotherServices” was conducted by the Joint trauma: “None of State Senator Stewart Greenleaf for weeks until stresses the importance of programsState Government Commission. The my friends could for children of incarcerated parents.report finds that through the combined relate to the isola- Photo by Erica Zaveloff. See Childrenforces of current arrest protocol, judi- tion, to the em- on page 10The Graying of Pennsylvania’s Prisons Where PublicAge 55 is considered “elderly” for prisoners Health and Criminalby Bridget Fifer Justice Issues Meet Most Pennsylvanians are aware of the rising costs of prisons, but why is so much PTSD and other traumas affectof the state budget going to the prison system? About 85,000 people in Pennsylva- prisoners and former offendersnia are incarcerated in state and county prisons. One cause of this overcrowdingis the number of people who receive a sentence of life without parole. With this sen- by Eden Leetence comes what is often referred to as the “graying” of Pennsylvania’s prisons; in- “If we don’t provide ex-offendersmates who don’t receive parole are aging within the prison system. We spoke with with the opportunity to have housing,Julia Hall, Ph.D, a professor and coordinator of the Criminal Justice Department at how can we expect them to succeed?”Drexel University, current board member and former president of the Pennsylvania asked John Wetzel, Secretary of thePrison Society, about this trend, its implications, and possible solutions. Pennsylvania Department of Correc- CF: What are some reasons for the graying of Pennsylvania’s prisons? tions at the recent public health panel: JH: Prisons were never intended to be nursing homes or mental institutions, The Nexus Between Public Healthbut if our society insists on sentences of life without parole and other long and Criminal Justice. The 200 attend-sentences, we are buying into geriatric and mental health care for incarcerated ees also heard from Estelle Richman,individuals. We leave them no option but to age and die in prison. Acting Deputy Director for the U.S. See Elderly on page 11 See Public Health on page 10www.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSociety • www.prisonsociety.org 1
    • Correctional Forum  June 2012 The From the Executive Director Pennsylvania Prison Society Board of Directors 225 Years of Working William K. Stewart, Esq. Against Human Nature President by William DiMascio William Griffin Vice President Perhaps our worst crime is our ignorance about crime; our easy satisfaction with headlines Anita Colon Treasurer and the accounts of lurid cases; and our smug assumption that it is all a matter of some tough “bad guys” whom the tough “good guys” will soon capture….Our part in it is Angus R. Love, Esq. Solicitor rarely, if ever, mentioned.—Karl Menninger, M.D., The Crime of Punishment Lamont A. Brown Two hundred, twenty-five years certainly seems like a long time: having survived since John P. Cairo its founding in 1787 this Prison Society milestone is one worth celebrating. So, happy birth- Robert Cicchinelli, M.S. day Prison Society, and congratulations on your endurance! Laurie Corbin In its infancy, the Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons David DiGuglielmo took shape months before the United States Constitution was drafted. Its founders were Theodore E. Glackman, M.Ed. tradesmen, merchants and professionals of sufficient prominence that city streets were Bernard Granor, Esq. named for them: i.e. Franklin, Parrish, Marshall, Penrose, Moore, Morris, and others. Ellen Greenlee, Esq. Fresh from the battles for independence from England, this band of revolutionaries started Julia G. Hall, Ph.D. a sea change in criminal justice, most notably by bringing about an end to most corporal pun- Holly Harner, Ph.D. ishment and establishing the concept of confinement as a sanction for wrongdoing. This novel Thomas J. Innes III, Esq. thinking became one of this new nation’s earliest theoretical exports to the rest of the world. Vicki W. Kramer, Ph.D. Kafi Millner Lindsay, Esq. After such an impressive start, one would think all the woes of criminal justice would Duncan P. McCallum be resolved by now. But that would ignore the long march of evolution from the times of Joanna Otero-Cruz tribal communities to the civilized society that we know today. The values humans share Joan Porter developed and were reinforced through millennia, and just because they are old and seem Grahame P. Richards, Jr. natural doesn’t mean they were prudent. David Richman, Esq. The distinguished psychiatrist from Kansas, Karl A. Menninger, says the reason we Barbara Rittenhouse don’t do a better job of dealing with crime is because of the public’s persistent wish for Peggy Sims vengeance. In his 1966 book, The Crime of Punishment, he wrote: Judith Stang, D.P.A. “We are ashamed of it; we deny to ourselves and to others that we are influenced by it. William Sylianteng, Esq. Our morals, our religious teachings, even our laws repudiate it. But behind what we do Lisa Varon, M.S.W. to the offender is the desire for revenge on someone — and the unknown villain proved Catherine Wise guilty of wrongdoing is a good scapegoat.” Gretchen Wiseman Roger Zepernick If this thirst for retribution is an organic part of the human psyche, it goes back through thousands of centuries in the social development of men and women — many might say to Emeritus the time of Adam and Eve. This vengeful nature had quite a long time to develop before we Norman Johnston, Ph.D. began to dismantle corporal punishment in 1787. And, while far from lush accommodations, David W. Lauder today’s penitentiaries are considerably better and safer than the dungeons of the past, espe- cially since separate facilities were made available for men, women, and children. These were all steps the Prison Society advocated, which countered the more popular responses to crime Correctional Forum that were rooted in an eye-for-an-eye philosophy, and marked by such horrors as drawing and quartering and burning at the stake. Editor: William DiMascio In more recent times, we have participated in the adoption in Philadelphia of a Ban the Managing Editor and Designer: Mindy Bogue Box rule, which prohibits employers from inquiring about convictions on applications for employment, led a statewide study group on concerns for children of incarcerated parents, Correctional Forum is published by surveyed county jail operations, and brought together coalitions on public health and on The Pennsylvania Prison Society, 245 N. Broad St., incarcerated veterans’ affairs. Suite 300, Philadelphia, PA 19107. These are all important steps, strategies, for providing direct assistance for formerly For more information, contact incarcerated men and women, bringing relevant issues before the public and expanding Mindy Bogue at 215-564-6005, ext. 112, or mbogue@prisonsociety.org. influential networks and coalitions. Conditions of confinement, sentencing issues, and See 225 Years on page 11 2 www.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSociety • www.prisonsociety.org
    • June 2012  Correctional ForumStudent-Run Program Helps New VisitorsChildren Connect with Parents in Prison Chester countyby Danielle Collins Jacquelyn Carter Lamont Wilson Since 2011, the Pennsylvania Prison Society’s Indiana University of Pennsylvania (IUP) chap- Omar Harrister has helped connect inmates and their families through the Reading for Change program. Thechapter, founded by Dr. Rosemary Gido and Profes- Wayne Carter Jr.sor Dan Lee, is open to all IUP Criminology students Rashad Groveand seeks “to promote the welfare of inmates who are Clarence Smith Jr.serving sentences in Pennsylvania correctional facili- Sanford Dickersonties and their families.” Lamonte Wilson Sr. Reading for Change, which is the brainchild of IUP Dan Williamsstudent and chapter president Brandon Stroup, en-ables incarcerated parents to record themselves read- Lancaster countying books to their children. The Indiana County jail James Petersheimthen prepares and mails the book and the recording Derek Beilerto the child with a personal message from the parent.The Armstrong/Indiana Intermediate Unit and the lo- Brandon Stroup holds one of the re- Berks countycal Kiwanis Club have donated books to the program, cordings of an incarcerated parentand the Department of Criminology provided support reading a book. The recording will Mike Zepp be sent to his family.in the form of donated supplies and postage. Photo by Dottie Hillard. Stroup came across a description of the program Huntingdon countyin December 2010 and immediately proposed the Rebecca Mitchellidea to other IUP chapter members, who were similarly enthusiastic about starting a Readingfor Change program at Indiana County Jail. Since its inception, the program has worked with Montgomery county See Reading for Change on page 7 Jeff SchragerMichael C. Potteiger New PBPP Chairman New Staff Barry Johnsonby Danielle Collins Life Skills Educator The Choice is Yours (TCY) On February 1, 2012, Michael C. Potteiger of York County Hassan Freemanreplaced Lloyd A. White as Chairman of the Pennsylvania Board Life Skills Educatorof Probation and Parole (PBPP). Mr. Potteiger comes to the posi- New Leash On Life USAtion with 20 years of experience in the Department of Corrections, Jerome Petersonincluding extensive experience directing probation and parole Job Developerservices. His years of service include “designing and overseeing Philly ReNewprograms that contribute to community safety, reentry efforts and Eunice Curry Restorative Justice Facilitatorsupervision,” and he is currently President of the Pennsylvania Philly ReNewCounty Adult Probation Chiefs Association. Ngozi Ibeh Mr. Potteiger began his career in the criminal justice system as Life Skills Educatora probation officer in Dauphin County, where he helped develop Michael C. Potteiger Philly ReNewthe Intensive Drug Unit. He next served in Northumberland New Volunteer Photo from CommonwealthCounty as chief probation officer, where he assisted in the devel- Media Services.opment of a treatment court for those with substance abuse or Marina Makkarmental health issues. He continued his career as director of Adult Probation and Paroleservices in Dauphin County, where he emphasized engaging offenders’ families in there-entry process. Said Pennsylvania Governor Tom Corbett, “Mike Potteiger has the depth Current Internsof experience to lead this agency as well as the foresight and imagination to look for new Tiffany Cartersolutions to improve the system and reduce recidivism.” Governor Corbett nominated Indiana University of Pa.Potteiger to the state board for the position in July 2011, and his appointment was con- Kandace Clark,firmed by the Pennsylvania Senate in December 2011. Community College of Phila. Tanya Dickerson For more information about the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole, see: Community College of Phila. http://www.pbpp.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/home/5298www.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSociety • www.prisonsociety.org 3
    • Correctional Forum  June 2012 BookcaseThe Furnace of Affliction:Prisons and Religion in Antebellum AmericaBy Jennifer GraberReview by Danielle Collins ing and group discipline In The Furnace of Affliction, Jennifer Graber explores the with the Quaker exter-historical intersections between prison and Protestantism in nal concern for otherpre-Civil War America. Graber, an assistant professor of re- people.” These influ-ligious studies at Wooster College, places modern concep- ences and concerns ledtions about prison and punishment in historical context and to his conception of thenotes that debates about the purpose of prison have been prison as a “garden” in which inmatesongoing for nearly two centuries. Policy and public dis- reflected on their wrongdoings and engaged in whole-course throughout the nation’s history have swung wildly some, character-building activities. Eddy’s efforts were metbetween viewing prison as a way to punish people or as an with resistance from inmates who consistently rioted andexperience to aid in their rehabilitation, or both. For much attempted to escape, causing public officials to question theof the country’s history, religion was central to the debate efficacy of Eddy’s religion-centered policies and removeon both sides. the Quakers from the prison inspectors board. As Graber demonstrates, early Protestant reformers had In contrast with “the prison as garden,” Eddy’s successorsmany different notions about how prisons should function had a less gentle conception of the role of prisons in inmate— and even what their role should be — but all agreed that reformation. Baptist minister Reverend John Stanford envi-the nation’s penal institutions should feature humane liv- sioned the prison as a furnace in which “criminals necessar-ing conditions and practices. They operated under the reli- ily experienced state-imposed physical and psychologicalgious notion that “criminals can and should be redeemed,” pain” in order to prepare them for redemption. Stanford’s model was exported to prisons across the state, including Dr. Benjamin Rush advocated for “strict but Sing Sing (the successor to Newgate) and Auburn prison. humane environments designed for reform.” In the ensuing years, explicitly religious dimensions of prison life were slowly marginalized. Protestant reformers’ theology of redemptive suffering was pushed aside for aand wanted to make sure that prisons worked toward this “religiosity of citizenship,” in which ethical behavior andpurpose. Operating out of these convictions, Protestant re- obedience to secular authority were tantamount. Secular-formers were central players in the process of shaping early ization resulted in a system quite unlike either the gardenAmerican prisons. or furnace Protestant reformers had envisioned. Secular prison officials heaped more and more degradation and Benjamin Rush, a Philadelphia physician, signer of the physical punishment upon prisoners, and by the middleDeclaration of Independence, and a founding member of of the nineteenth century, prison conditions were widelythe Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of acknowledged to be hellish. At this point, Protestantthe Public Prisons (now the Pennsylvania Prison Society), reformers shifted from attempts to influence the directionwas among those who called for more humane practices in of prison life to critiquing harsh institutional conditionscriminal justice. Rush advocated for “strict but humane en- and practices. In their attempts to institutionalize religiousvironments designed for reform,” involving labor and soli- beliefs and practices in the prison system and in societytary cells for the worst offenders. Working along side Rush at large, antebellum Protestant reformers actually laid theat the PSAMPP were Pennsylvania Quakers who advocated foundation for a system that ultimately aimed at punish-for similar practices, along with Bible reading and silence. ment rather than redemption. Quakers were also a visible presence in the develop-ment of prisons in New York State. Newgate Prison in New For more information, go to: http://www.amazon.com/The-York City, the state’s oldest prison, was established as the Furnace-Affliction-Religion-Antebellum/dp/0807834572/ref=srresult of efforts by Quaker merchant and philanthropist _1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1334332170&sr=8-1.Thomas Eddy. As Graber writes, “Eddy’s prison idealcombined these internal [Quaker] traditions of childrear- This book is also available for Kindle and Nook. 4 www.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSociety • www.prisonsociety.org
    • June 2012  Correctional ForumThe Uniform Collateral Consequences ofConviction Act: Confronting Invisible Punishmentby Matthew Rosen As many former inmates already The UCCCA proposes several for an Order of Limited Relief (OLR)know, the punishment that a per- substantive reforms. First, it promotes or a Certificate of Restoration of Rightsson endures as a result of a criminal transparency. Within state laws, col- (CRR). A defendant may apply forconviction is not limited to his or her lateral consequences are obscurely an OLR at sentencing. The judge maycourt-issued sentence. Once a con- dispersed throughout the legal code. grant the OLR to relieve the defendantvicted individual has fully completed The UCCCA requires that all laws that of a restriction that would otherwisethe sentence, the conviction contin- impose collateral consequences be accompany the conviction. For exam-ues to haunt them. Individuals with collected into a single document that ple, if the defendant would ordinarilycriminal histories face diminished civil is clear, understandable, and freely forfeit his real estate license, the OLRrights, loss of privileges, and barriers accessible to the public. could allow him to retain the license.to employment and opportunity. For Second, the UCCCA requires courts The CRR, by contrast, can only beexample, they may be barred from to acknowledge collateral consequenc- granted after a lapse of time to indi-certain types of employment, public es in criminal proceedings. Currently, viduals who demonstrate rehabilita-housing, and other types of public when a defendant is deciding whether tion or good conduct. Unlike the OLR,benefits and social services. These to plead guilty, he or she may be the CRR offers more general reliefdisadvantages are collectively known unaware of the consequences of the from collateral consequences. That is,as “collateral consequences.” it broadly exempts the individual from Over the years, lawmakers in allstates have piled on laws that createcollateral consequences, without par- Over the years, lawmakers in all states have piled on laws thatticular regard for consistency, transpar- create collateral consequences, without particular regard forency, rationality, or fairness. Nor have consistency, transparency, rationality, or fairness.these lawmakers necessarily consideredthe need to encourage offender reentry,ensuring that all citizens are provided conviction beyond the terms of the the legal consequences that accompa-with basic needs, and avoiding the im- sentence. The result is that the indi- nied her conviction, instead of one orposition of unnecessary hardships. vidual may not make a fully informed two specific restrictions. However, the United States Uniform decision. Under the UCCCA, the court While no states have yet fully ad-Law Commission (ULC), in conjunc- must explain the full ramifications of opted the UCCCA, the act has recentlytion with the American Bar Association the conviction, so that the defendant been introduced in several state legis-(ABA), has taken action to encourage will be able to make a better decision latures. Moreover, a few states have ad-states to reform the manner in which or negotiate a better plea deal. opted specific elements of the UCCCA.they impose collateral consequences.The ULC is a conference of delegates Third, the UCCCA allows for more As such, advocates of justice reformfrom all 50 states, all of whom are discretion in the implementation of col- should take an interest in this legisla-members of the ABA. The ULC drafts lateral consequences. That is, decision- tion and work to advance its introduc-legislation in areas of law where there makers and administrators would tion and passage in their respectiveis a need for uniformity across states. generally not be required to exclude states. If our state governments areMany of its uniform acts, such as the individuals based on their convictions, serious about offering second chancesUniform Commercial Code, have been but would be permitted to evaluate to individuals with criminal historieswidely adopted by states throughout them on a case-by-case basis. For exam- and providing them with the opportu-the nation. ple, while a social service agency may nity to reenter their communities, then have previously been required to deny they will mitigate the unending invis- In 2004, the ULC recognized the need food stamp benefits to anyone with ible punishment that these individualsto address collateral consequences, and a drug conviction, the UCCCA could continue to face after they completecommenced work on a uniform act that allow the agency to evaluate applicants their sentences.would reform state laws. The process was on a case-by-case basis.long and deliberative, and culminatedwith the final approval of the Uniform Finally, the UCCCA allows convict- For more information:Collateral Consequences of Conviction ed individuals to apply for relief from go to www.uniformlaws.orgAct (UCCCA) in 2010. collateral consequences by applyingwww.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSociety • www.prisonsociety.org 5
    • Correctional Forum  June 2012 Legislative Highlights Bill No. Description Chief Sponsor Action Status PPS Printer No. Position HB 1994 Amends Title 61 (Prisons and Parole) Rep. J. Preston Referred to House Judiciary Support PN 3326 of the Pennsylvania Consolidated D-Allegheny County 4/2/12 Statutes; provides for the reduction of sentence for certain minors who were under 18 when they committed a crime and sentenced to serve at least 10 years in prison, or received a life without parole (LWOP) sentence and served up to three years on that sentence. HB 2256 Amends Title 42 (Judiciary and Judicial Rep. Ronald Waters Referred to House Judiciary Support PN 3228 Procedure) of the Pennsylvania D-Delaware and 3/16/12 Consolidated Statutes, in sentencing, Philadelphia counties providing for consideration of race in sentencing in capital cases. SB100 Amends Titles 18 (Crimes and Sen. Stewart Greenleaf Vote expected in House Support PN 1668 Offenses), 42 (Judiciary and Judicial R-Bucks and Judiciary in June Procedure) and 61 (Prisons and Parole) Montgomery counties of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes. Provides for numerous provisions for prison reform: including visitation, State intermediate punishment, recidivsm risk reduction incentive, and more. SB 1454 Amends Titles 23 (Domestic Relations), Sen. Stewart Greenleaf Referred to Judiciary 4/5/12 Support PN 2099 42 (Judiciary and Judicial Procedure), R-Bucks and and 44 (Law and Justice) of the Montgomery counties Pennnsylvania Consolidated Statutes. In juvenile matters, further providing for disposition of dependent child; and adding provisions relating to certain arrest protocols.Update on SB 1153: The Post Conviction Relief Act A hearing on March 30 to hear testimony on SB 1153 was sponsored by the Senate Judiciary Committee. SB 1153 wasauthored by Senator Stewart Greenleaf (R-Montgomery County). It provides for changes in the time frame of filing forpost conviction relief. The deadline would be changed from 60 days to one year from the date of the claim. If there is amiscarriage of justice leading to a conviction of an innocent individual, there is no deadline. Some of the witnesses testify-ing included: Marissa Bluestine, Esq, (Legal Director of the Pennsylvania Innocence Project), James McCloskey (Founderand Executive Director, Centurion Ministries), Vincent Johnson (a former prisoner who was found to be innocent of thecrime for which he was imprisoned), and others.Update on The Effects of Parental Incarceration on Children Another hearing on March 30 was sponsored by the Pennsylvania House Democratic Policy Committee to discussthe report about children of incarcerated parents, based on SR 52 (sponsored by Senator Stewart Greenleaf) and HR203 (sponsored by Representative Cherelle Parker). Members of the Committee were joined by other House and Senatemembers, and City Council Member Marian Tasco. Witnesses included: Ann Schwartzman (Policy Director, PennsylvaniaPrison Society), Ann Adalist Estrin (Director, National Resource Center on Children and Families of the Incarcerated atFamily and Corrections Network), Kathleen Creamer (Staff Attorney, Stoneleigh Foundation Fellow, Community LegalServices), Keeva King (child of an incarcerated parent), Reuben Jones (Founder/Director, Frontline Dads and a formeroffender), and several others. 6 www.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSociety • www.prisonsociety.org
    • June 2012  Correctional ForumA Message from John Hargreaves, Director of Volunteers I have had the privilege of attending several chapter meetings during the past few weeks. The range of issues and the concerns by Prison Society Official Visitors is astounding and admirable. I heard about inmate education programs, work with a lifers’ group and providing transportation to inmates and their families. I am concerned that what sometimes gets lost, while working in the trenches like this, is the thanks, or lack thereof, that we hear. To that end I would like to quote from a letter that was sent to the Philadelphia headquarters last week from an inmate at a state prison. The inmate writes to Graterfriends: “I want to thank you for showing great concerns about my problems. I am having a hard time and someone did come to see me and talked to me. I never felt so good in my life. I didn’t want that man to leave me here. I cried when he was here and I cried when I got back to my cell.”As you can see, the impact of prison visitation is meaningful and truly important. The work you do is appreciated. For more information about becoming a Prison Society Official Visitor, please contact Kelly Golini: 215-564-6005, x100 or kgolini@prisonsociety.org. prison. This ambitious, festive event Reading for Change, ensures that each inmate is given three continued from page 3 cookies (baked by chapter members) and a holiday card, as well as two 17 adult inmates to record and deliver stamped cards they may send to loved books to 38 children all over Penn- ones. Twelve chapter members partici- sylvania, as well as several in North pated, along with the Men of Zion, a Carolina. Says faculty advisor Profes- chorale from the Mount Zion Baptist sor Lee, “Brandon’s idea about the Church in Altoona. Carols were sung reading program is a great one, and Chapter on every cell block as the cookies and cards were distributed. we are evaluating it with expectations of publishing results that document Highlights the ability of programs like this to “Some of them don’t have anyone maintain family bonds and break the visiting and their gratitude is indescrib- cycle of recidivism. Preliminary results able. It gives them hope and lets them have been presented at the annualAllegheny County know there are people who care about conferences of the American Society Convener Marion Damick brought them” said Convener Mary Burgoon. of Criminology and the Academy ofthe ACLU report on reproductive health “That’s what the Prison Society is about, Criminal Justice Sciences.”in county jails to the attention of the and I’m glad to be part of it. It’s the best charitable work I’ve ever done.” IUP students and chapter membersAllegheny County Oversight Board. She report “learning a lot” and connect-also attended a meeting on health care ing with incarcerated parents throughfor former offenders reentering society, Centre County the program. Parents appreciate thatspeaking briefly with Secretary Wetzel. The Centre County chapter presents the program is free of charge andShe also shared reports of bad condi- a program once a month at Centre hope that these special books willtions at Fayette County Jail with the County Correctional Facility. About help them maintain relationships withFayette County chapter so that they are 10-12 prisoners attend each one. The their children despite distance andprepared when sending visitors. programs have concentrated on reinte- difficult conditions.  grating into society after release. Top-Blair County Chapter ics include finding work, transitioning For more information about the In December, the Blair County chap- from prison to other housing, and IUP chapter of the Prison Society,ter held their twelfth annual holiday general tips regarding the move from see: http://www.iup.edu/page.party for inmates at the Blair County prison to the outside community. aspx?id=86535www.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSociety • www.prisonsociety.org 7
    • Correctional Forum  June 2012 Milestones in the Life of the The Pennsylvania Prison Society Pennsylvania Prison Society Celebrates 225 Years of Fighting 2012: Presented the Report, The Effects of Parental Incarceration on Children, at Philadelphia City Hall for Social Justice! on two occasions and to the Senate Judiciary Com- mittee. The report includes the impact on children The Pennsylvania Prison Society celebrated its 225th anniversary on and recommendations to meet their needs. May 8, 2012, at the Arden Theatre in Philadelphia. We welcomed board 2011: Ban the Box became law in Philadelphia. The members, staff, conveners, official visitors, and other special guests, and Prison Society was part of the coalition leading the had proclamations on-hand from the Pennsylvania State Senate, the initiative to ban the check box on job applications. Mayor of Philadelphia, and the Governor of Pennsylvania. 2008: Established Philly ReNew, a unique The evening began with an historical talk from Neil Ronk at Christ reentry program for Philadelphia fathers with a Church, which is adjacent to the Arden Theatre. He explained general criminal background. information about the church and also Bishop William White’s history 2002: Started publishing Graterfriends, a newsletter with the church. Bishop White was the rector there for over 50 years, written primarily by and for prisoners in Pennsylva- was chaplain to the Continental Army during the American Revolution, nia. It was originally started in 1983 by Joan Gauker. and was a founder of the Pennsylvania Prison Society. 2000: Began inexpensive busing to state prisons We also presented the Justice Award to Senator Greenleaf in honor for friends and family of prisoners. of his work in reforming Pennsylvania’s criminal justice system. This is 1998: Supported the move to reinstate former only the third time we’ve given someone this award in the past decade, prisoners’ voting rights. and the only time the recipient has not been a long-term board member. 1994: Reopened Eastern State Penitentiary as a (See the sidebar on page nine for more information.) world class museum. We also had fun raffling off a variety of baskets and hosting a silent auc- 1991: Holds first SKIP class at the request of in- tion for several pieces of art (donated by Tanya Bracey) and special baskets. mate parents desiring support for their children. 1990: Reaffirmed official prison visitation for Pris- on Society Official Visitors and public officials. Photos (L to R): 1. John Hargreaves, Louise DiMascio, William DiMascio 1977: Established the Arts and Humanities Program, 2. Ceciley Bradford, Tina Spence, Barry Johnson, where a group of professional artists helped prison- and Monique Hendricks ers express themselves through creativity, and create 3. Joan Porter and Howard Bradford, Sr. ties between prisoners and the outside community. 4. Cathy Wise and Ebonee Allen 1934: Supported the creation of the Defender 5. Silent auction of baskets and artwork Association of Philadelphia, which continues to provide legal counsel for indigent offenders. 1 3 1852: Initiated the removal of the mentally ill from prisons to specialized hospitals. 1851: Began providing counseling services to offenders and former offenders. 1829: Granted access to all state and county cor- rectional facilities through act of legislature – un- matched anywhere in the nation. Also appointed overseer of the new Eastern State Penitentiary. 1823: Encouraged the removal of children from 4 adult institutions. 1789: Led the move to establish separate 2 facilities for women. 1788: Initiated the penitentiary model at the Walnut Street Jail in Philadelphia. Before this time all prisoners men, women, and children were imprisoned together in one large room. 5 1787: Founded as the Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries in Public Prisons. Pioneered prison visits. 8 www.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSociety • www.prisonsociety.org
    • June 2012  Correctional ForumPhotos (L to R):6. Craig Stock Prison Society Presents Senator7. Sec. John Wetzel and Angus Love Greenleaf with Justice Award8. Michael McCaney 69. Cathy Wise and Clark DeLeon Senator Stewart Greenleaf has led ef-10. Ellen Greenlee, Tyrone Werts, forts in the Pennsylvania Legislature for a and Mindy Bogue number of years responding to the state’s11. Pamela Superville, prison overpopulation crisis driven by Ceciley Bradford, years of harsh punishments for non-violent and Ann Schwartzman drug offenders. The Senator is currently12. State Senate Proclamation working on legislation (SB 100) that would13. Debra Stewart, Tanya Bracey, William Stewart, and Anita Colon enhance Pennsylvania’s alternative sen-14. Steve Blackburn 7 tencing programs for non-violent offenders and improve rehabilitation and community re-entry for inmates.8 “I am truly honored to receive this recognition from one of the most highly regarded advocacy organizations in Penn- sylvania,” said the Senator. “I am proud to have the opportunity to work with the Pris- on Society on issues that are so important for humanity and the future of our state. The important progress that we are making today is a direct result of their hard work. 10 And not only do they have a profound impact on public policy, but their wide net- work of staff and volunteers who visit and9 work with inmates truly turns lives around. Rehabilitation programs within prisons are just as important as good law enforcement in keeping our streets safe.” Future Celebrations Throughout 11 the State in 2012-2013 Stay tuned for exact dates in your area.12 2012 June: Lackawanna County July: York County August: Blair County 13 September: Adams County October: Erie County November: Union County December: Allegheny County14 2013 February: Dauphin County March: Lancaster County April: Huntingdon Countywww.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSociety • www.prisonsociety.org 9
    • Correctional Forum  June 2012Children, continued from page 1 Facts About Incarcerateda neighbor noticed him with the stroller and called Child ProtectiveServices).” Parents and Their Children In addition to explaining the effects incarceration of a parent has on chil- 1. Over 10 million children in the Uniteddren, the report offered specific recommendations to facilitate a less trau- States have a parent under some type ofmatizing experience for children with incarcerated parents. These include: correctional supervision — either prison, • Altering arrest procedure to include specific protocol for when jail, probation, or parole. At least 1.7 million there is a chance a child might be present at the time of arrest. children have a parent currently in prison. • Providing education to officers, caregivers, and others on how to 2. More than one in every 100 adults in handle the sensitive nature of the situation. America are in jail or prison. • Developing a more accurate means of identifying children whose parents are incarcerated, their locations, and their well-being. 3. Seventy-five percent of incarcerated • Involving incarcerated parents more thoroughly in the process of women are mothers. their child’s care-giving options. 4. Forty-six percent of all imprisoned parents • Providing emotional support for children with incarcerated par lived with at least one of their minor chil- ents, such as support groups or after school programs. dren prior to their imprisonment. The report was completed in December, then announced and dis- 5. The average age of children with an incar-cussed at a press conference in February. It was also introduced to the cerated parent is eight years old; 22 percentState Senate Judiciary Committee in Harrisburg in March, where Rev. of the children are under the age of five.Dr. Wilson Goode, Sr., Member of the Advisory Committee for the JointState Government Committee, said, “I saw in that prison a grandfather,a father, and a grandson — all in the same prison, at the same time. And they met for the first time in prison. As I wasleaving, the grandson pulled me aside and asked, ‘Dr. Goode, I have a son that I’ve never seen. Do you think I will seehim for the first time in prison, too?’” Rev. Goode’s narrative illustrates a cycle of incarceration that the recommendationsthis report makes, if implemented, can help to break. For more information: The report may be found at http://www.prisonsociety.org/adv/PDF/Effects_of_Parental_Incarceration_on_Children_Dec2011.pdfPublic Health, continued from page 1 • A large percentage of Pennsylvania’s prison popula-Department of Housing and Urban Development. A panel of tion is nonviolent, behind bars for misdemeanors.five specialists on the subject of public health also made re- • In Pennsylvania’s prisons, 17 percent of men and 48 marks based on the keynote speeches and answered questions percent of women have diagnosed mental health issues.from the audience. The event was presented by the Public • Prisoners leave the Philadelphia Prison SystemHealth Initiative of the Pennsylvania Prison Society, and with at least five days of medication, plus a 15 daysponsored by the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia prescription — if they can pay for it. Out of 5200and La Salle University’s Master of Public Health Program. prescriptions last year, only 37 were filled. Richman talked about public housing issues in great • The incarceration rate for women has grown by 800detail, especially when it comes to former prisoners finding percent over the past twenty years. Most of thesesafe and affordable housing. When individuals are released women are in their 30s and 40s and in prison forfrom incarceration, they often have no place to live. This drug infractions and other nonviolent crimes.is a major public health problem, resulting in homeless- • Nearly 80 percent of the women entering SCIness and weakened communities. Richman explained that, Muncy have suffered various forms of abuse. Awhile public housing has become more accommodating to high proportion of women enter prison suffering former offenders than in the past, many stipulations still from PTSD and various abuses.exist. “If we’re going to make an impact on those comingout of prison, we have to offer safe and affordable hous- Seeking affordable health care and housing are problemsing,” Richman said. “If we don’t spend now but spend experienced by millions of people, not just those releasedthree times as much in the future, are we really saving from prison. This suffering can be avoided if legislatorstaxpayers’ money?” amend policies that focus on public health. There is not just one solution for these problems; however, one step in the right Other facts that were highlighted in the session include: direction will decrease the suffering of many individuals. • 25 percent of former offenders are homeless upon their release. Their death rate is highest in the first For more information: View video from the day at: http:// two weeks after their release, often due to having www.youtube.com/user/PaPrisonSociety?feature=mhee no home and no access to health care. 10 www.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSociety • www.prisonsociety.org
    • June 2012  Correctional ForumElderly, continued from page 1 hot flashes, etc. The women needed the companionship of CF: What are some health problems of individuals who older people who understood. (Their facility was part ofare aging in our prison system? the general prison population, and not a separate unit for elderly inmates.) JH: We tend to need the most medical care in the lastyears of our lives and inmates are no different. Inmates CF: Do you think it is necessary to create a separate facil-often appear physically and psychologically ten years older ity to accommodate the growing elderly prison population?than their age-mates in free society. For this reason, the defi- JH: No, I prefer a greater use of compassionate or medi-nition of “elderly” has been set at 55 for incarcerated people. cal release first. In general, an individual would be betterA lack of medical and dental care, unstable lifestyles, and off in the community, with his or her family. At that agedrug and alcohol abuse may affect health and cause an they are a very low crime risk; age and infirmity furtherinmate to age faster and require more medical care. All the reduce risk. In a needs assessment I conducted, I found thatdementias (Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.) also afflict incar- most elderly people do not want to be in a separate area orcerated elderly, requiring special care and protection. facility for fear of being forgotten and ignored. They want CF: Why is the cost of incarceration so much higher for to be mainstreamed, but with access to necessary provi-elderly prisoners? sions based on age. For example, schedule time in the gym for older men, or specific times in the yard. This worked JH: Elderly people have higher costs of medical care. out well at SCI Graterford. Also, make sure they are notThis is true outside prison, and it is true inside prison. pushed behind in the chow line. COs can let older men re-They also need more medications and assistive devices like ceive food first. This is not discrimination because youngercanes, braces, wheelchairs, glasses, etc. It has been esti- prisoners will be older one day and will get their turn.mated that medical care for elderly inmates is three times Elderly prisoners do have needs for protection, support,greater than the cost for younger inmates. The cost goes up, and special services such as medical care and supportive,but the crime risk goes down. After age 55, the elderly do accessible environments.not require as much prison security. We are paying a lot forvery little crime prevention. CF: What are some possible solutions to the overrepre- sentation of the elderly population in prisons? CF: Is abuse or neglect a concern with the elderly popu-lation in prisons? JH: A change of legislation would be ideal. Prisoners need to be reassessed at intervals to determine if they are JH: Elderly offenders as a general group are less likely to still a risk. This, of course, would have to be done on ancomplain if abused or neglected. They keep a low profile, individual basis and incarcerated individuals would notand it’s easy to ignore the quiet person: They’re not the simply be released on the basis of age. There could alwayssqueaky wheels that get the oil, and their generation is be that one wild card who is still a risk. (Life with paroleless likely to speak out against authority. They can also be would have to be approved by the legislature to releaseabused or intimidated by younger, stronger inmates. these prisoners on parole.) CF: What about the needs of elderly women in the CF: What is something that the general populationprison system? should know about the graying of Pennsylvania prisons? JH: During my mid-1980s needs assessment at SCI JH: The cost of medical care for an elderly inmate goesMuncy, I visited a support group that older woman had up as they age, but the likeliness of their committing a crimeformed to allow women to discuss their grandchildren decreases dramatically. Many tax dollars could be saved bywithout feeling corny or stupid, or to discuss problems like using alternatives to prison for low-risk older inmates.225 Years, continued from page 2 Dr. Menninger concluded his book with a call to all citi-concerns for the physical, mental and behavioral conditions zens to “renounce the philosophy of punishment” in favorthat drive people to commit crimes remain atop the list of of a “comprehensive, constructive social attitude — thera-problems with which we grapple on a daily basis. peutic in some instances, restraining in some instances, but A 2008 research report by the Justice Policy Center suggests preventive in its total social impact.” He goes on to say thatthat nearly all men and women released from prison have it is a matter of personal morals and values. And, he added:health issues that impact the process of reintegration. “Policy- “Unless this message is heard, unless we, the people…makers and practitioners would be well served to adopt a new can give up our delicious satisfactions in opportunities forparadigm that recognizes health as a universal rather than a vengeful retaliation on scapegoats, we cannot expect to pre-special needs concern among returning prisoners,” it concludes. serve our peace, our public safety, or our mental health.” Ultimately, we strive to ameliorate the damage done by The magnitude of our challenge must be viewed in theimmersing people in the vileness of the prison experience. context of man’s long standing addiction to vengeance. InThis is little different than the horrors of war, domestic vio- the hourglass of history, 225 years is hardly the blink of anlence and natural disasters which often lead to unbearable eye. We can celebrate our accomplishments, but we havetraumatic stress that takes a toll for years. much more work to do.www.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSociety • www.prisonsociety.org 11
    • Correctional Forum  June 2012 Guide Proposed Bylaw Changes to of the Pennsylvania Prison SocietyThe Board of Directors of the Pennsylvania Prison Society is proposing to the membership revisions to the organization’sbylaws. The intention of the Board in making these changes is to modernize the bylaws and include good governancepractices.The process for altering the bylaws states: “the members of the Society shall have the right to amend these bylaws by a two-thirds vote of the members who are present in person or by proxy and entitled to vote thereon, at any regular or special meeting dulyconvened after notice to them of the purpose thereof, provided the proposed amendments have first been approved by the Board ofDirectors and submitted to the members of the Society in writing sixty days prior to the date of the regular or special meeting.”The complete Bylaws are below and on the following pages. Please read carefully, as changes have been made throughout.PURPOSES exclusive of the date of the meeting. Notice of privileges of a Director excepting voting rights. Special Meetings shall specify the object thereof. The purposes of the Corporation are exclu- 4.5 Removal. Any Director may besively charitable as set forth in the Articles of Voting at all elections and upon all ques- removed from office, with or without the assign-Incorporation. In pursuing such purposes, the tions, shall, when so requested, be by ballot, cast ment of any cause, only by a vote of two-thirdsCorporation shall not act so as to impair its eligi- by members in person, except when a member (2/3) of the Directors in office at any duly con-bility for exemption under Section 501(c)(3) of is incarcerated in which case voting may be vened meeting of the Board, provided that writ-the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. done by absentee ballot, and a majority of the ten notice of the intention to consider removal votes shall be required in order to make an of such Director has been included in the noticeOFFICES election or resolution valid. No member more of the meeting. No Director shall be removed than twelve months in arrears for dues shall be without having the opportunity to be heard at Registered Office. The registered office of permitted to vote. such meeting, but no formal hearing procedurethe Corporation shall be at such location in need be followed.Pennsylvania as the Directors may from time to Twenty-five members of the Society shalltime determine. constitute a quorum at any meeting of members. 4.6 Quorum. One half (1/2) of all Direc- If a quorum is not present, the meeting may tors in office shall constitute a quorum of the Other Offices. The Corporation may also be adjourned and may without further written Board, and the acts of a majority of the Directorshave offices at such other places as the Directors notice, be reconvened at such time and place as present at a duly convened meeting at which amay select and the business of the Corporation a quorum is obtained. quorum is present shall be the acts of the Board,shall require. unless a greater number is required by the DIRECTORS Nonprofit Corporation Law of 1988 (“the Act”)MEMBERS or these Bylaws. Powers. The Directors shall have all powers Membership Corporation. Membership in and duties for the conduct of the activities of the 4.7 Vote. Each Director shall be entitled tothe Society shall be available to any person who Corporation except as otherwise required by one (1) vote.is interested in supporting the mission and goals these Bylaws or a resolution duly adopted byof the Society, subject to criteria and process of the Board. 4.8 Unanimous Consent of Directors inapproval established by the Board. Members Lieu of Meeting. Any action that may be takenshall have such powers and duties as may be Qualifications of Directors. Each Director at a meeting of the Board may be taken withoutdelegated to them by the Board. shall be an individual of at least 18 years of age, a meeting if a consent or consents in writing who need not be a resident of Pennsylvania. setting forth the action so taken shall be signed Financial Support. The Board shall have the by all of the Directors and shall be filed with theauthority to establish classes of membership 4.3 Number, Election, Term. The Board of Secretary of the Corporation.and determine the financial support required for Directors shall consist of not fewer than sixteeneach class of membership. (16) (including the officers) nor more than thirty 4.9 Regular Meetings. Regular meetings (30) persons as determined by the Board. Candi- of the Directors shall be held as determined and 3.3 Meetings of Members dates for the Board shall be nominated only by scheduled by the President or the Board. There shall be an Annual Meeting of the existing Board members. The Nominating Com-members of the Society. The time and place of mittee of the Board may present to the Board a 4.10 Annual Meeting. There shall be an an-the meeting shall be designated by the Board slate of candidates for nomination as Directors nual meeting of the Directors on such day, at suchof Directors and specified in a notice, which at which time other candidates may be nomi- time, and in such place in the Commonwealth ofshall be sent to the membership at least 30 days nated by any Board member. A nominee shall Pennsylvania as the President shall choose.before the date of the meeting. At the Annual be included on the slate only upon an affirma- tive vote of a majority of Directors present at a 4.11 Special Meetings. Special meetings ofMeeting the members shall receive a report of the Board may be called by the President or bythe activities of the Society. meeting of the Board at which a quorum is pres- ent. Directors shall be chosen by the members five of the Directors at any time. At least five (5) Special meetings of the members may be at the annual meeting and shall serve for terms days notice stating the time, place and purposecalled by the President of the Society, and shall of three (3) years and until their successors are of any special meeting shall be given to thebe called by the President at the written request elected and qualified. As nearly as possible, an members of the Board.of ten members of the Society, the request speci- equal number of terms shall expire each year. 4.12 Teleconference Meetings. Any Directorfying the object or objects of the meeting. 4.4 Emeritus Director. Emeritus status may participate in a meeting of the Board or Written notice of a Special Meeting of the may be conferred by the Board of Directors on any committee thereof by means of a conferencemembers shall be given by mailing such notice any retiring or former director in recognition of telephone or similar communications equip-to the last known address of each member at long and faithful service to the Society. Emeritus ment by which all persons participating in theleast five days prior to the date of said meeting, status entitles the conferee to all rights and meeting can hear each other. 12 www.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSociety • www.prisonsociety.org
    • June 2012  Correctional ForumOFFICERS Directors of the Corporation. Any such commit- unless some later time may be fixed in the resig- tee, to the extent provided in the resolution of nation, and then from that date. The acceptance Positions, Election, Term. The officers of the the Board, shall have and may exercise any of of the resignation shall not be required to makeCorporation shall include a President, one or the powers and authority of the Board, except it effective.more Vice-Presidents, a Treasurer and a Solicitor, that no committee shall have any power orwho shall be elected by the Directors from among authority as to the following: Filling Vacancies.the Directors at an annual meeting of the Board The filling of vacancies on the Board. If a vacancy exists among the positionsof Directors and shall serve for a term of one available for Directors, by virtue of a desire toyear and until their successors are elected and The adoption, amendment or repeal of the fill unfilled positions, or by reason of death, res-qualified. The Directors shall elect an Executive Bylaws. ignation, removal, disqualification or otherwise,Director, who need not be a member of the Board, The amendment or repeal of any resolution the Directors in office may choose a person oras they deem appropriate from time to time, and of the Board. persons who shall serve as a Director for thewho shall hold office at the pleasure of the Board, remainder of the applicable term.and shall perform the duties of the Secretary. Action on matters committed by the Bylaws or by resolution of the Board to another commit- If the position of any officer becomes Consecutive Terms. The President and any tee of the Board. vacant, by an increase in the number of officers,Vice-President shall not be eligible for re-elec- or by reason of death, resignation, removal,tion to the same office beyond three consecutive The removal of the Executive Director. disqualification or otherwise, the Directors mayone-year terms. The Treasurer and Solicitor shall If any person who is not a Director is ap- choose a person or persons who shall hold officenot be eligible for re-election to the same office pointed to any committee of the Board, such for the remaining term.beyond six consecutive one-year terms. non- Director shall have no right to vote on any Duties. The duties of the officers shall in- question that would create a binding obligation MEETINGS AND NOTICEclude the following: of the Corporation. Place of Meetings. Meetings may be held at The President or his designated representa- Appointment to Committees. Unless oth- such place within or without Pennsylvania astive shall preside at all meetings of the Members, erwise determined by the Board, the President the Board may from time to time determine.Directors and Executive Committee; shall gener- shall appoint members of all committees.ally supervise the business of the Corporation; Notice. Whenever written notice is requiredand shall execute documents on behalf of the Creation and Composition of Advisory to be given to any person, it may be given toCorporation. The President shall be an ex-officio Boards. The Corporation may, in its discretion, such person either personally or by sending amember of every Corporation committee. establish Advisory Boards that may include copy thereof by first class or express mail, post- persons who are not Directors. Such Advisory age prepaid, or courier service, charges prepaid, A Vice President shall have such powers and Boards shall have no power to bind the Corpo- or by facsimile transmission or electronic mail,perform such duties as the Board of Directors ration and shall have only such other responsi- to that person’s address (or facsimile number ormay prescribe or as the President may delegate. bilities and duties as delegated to them by the e-mail address) appearing on the books of the Board or the President. Corporation, or in the case of Directors, sup- The Executive Director shall be the ExecutiveOfficer of the Corporation, the Custodian of its 6.4 Executive Committee of the Board. plied by that person to the Corporation for thecorporate seal, of its books, records and docu- There shall be an Executive Committee of the purpose of notice. If the notice is sent by mailments. The Executive Director shall be in charge Board which shall have the authority to act on or courier service, it shall be deemed to haveof the activities of the Corporation, shall keep behalf of the full Board of Directors between been given to the person entitled thereto whenminutes of all meetings of the Society and Board, Board meetings when a decision requiring deposited in the United States mail, or depos-and shall be entitled to be present at all meetings action by the Board cannot await convening ited with a courier service for delivery to suchof the Corporation, and of the Board of Directors, of a regular or special Board meeting, unless person or, in the case of facsimile or electronicand any committee thereof, but shall have no such action by the Executive Committee is mail, when dispatched. Such notice shall specifyvote at such meetings, except when the meetings prohibited by law or by prior resolution of the the place, day and hour of the meeting and anygo into executive session in which no one is pres- Board. Whenever the Executive Committee other information that may be required by theent but Board members and invited guests. takes any action on behalf of the full Board, a Act or these Bylaws. report of such action shall be made at the next Waiver of Notice. Any required notice may The Treasurer shall assure that accurate regular or special Board meeting. The Executive be waived by the written consent of the personaccounts of the receipts and disbursements of Committee shall have such other authority and entitled to such notice either before or after thethe Corporation are maintained; shall cause responsibilities as shall from time to time be time for giving of notice, and attendance of afinancial reports to be provided to the Board determined by the Board of Directors. The Com- person at a meeting shall constitute a waiver ofas requested, but not less than once a year; and mittee shall be composed of the President, the notice, except where a person attends a meetingshall perform such other duties as may be pre- Vice Presidents, Treasurer, Solicitor, Executive for the express purpose of objecting to the trans-scribed by the Board or by the President. Director and two members elected by the Board. action of any business because the meeting was The Solicitor shall advise the Corporation as The Immediate Past President of the Board of not lawfully called or convened.to when it needs legal advice. Directors shall automatically continue to serve as member of the Board and as a member of the 9.4 Electronic Mail. Any action that may 5.4 Removal of Officers. Any officer or Executive Committee with full privileges there- be done, or is required to be done, in writingagent may be removed by the Board, with or of. With regard to any motion that the Executive under these Bylaws or the Act, including agree-without the assignment of any cause, whenever Committee takes formal action on behalf of the ment to a unanimous written consent, shall bein its judgment the best interests of the Corpora- full Board, the Executive Director shall have no valid if sent and received by electronic mail.tion may be served thereby, but such removal vote, and an affirmative vote of four membersshall be without prejudice to the contract rights shall be necessary. The Committee may executeof any person so removed. Any Officer may be its authority and responsibilities by telephone LIABILITY AND INDEMNIFICATIONremoved only upon a vote of a majority of Di- conference, when necessary. 9.1 General Rule. A Director shall notrectors present at a meeting at which a quorum be personally liable for monetary damages asis present. RESIGNATION AND VACANCIES Director for any action taken, or any failure to take any action, unless: Resignations. Any Director or officer mayCOMMITTEES resign such position at any time, such resigna- the director has breached or failed to per- Establishment. The Board may establish one tion to be made in writing and to take effect form the duties of Director in accordance withor more committees to consist of one or more from the time of its receipt by the Corporation, the standard of conduct contained in Sectionwww.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSociety • www.prisonsociety.org 13
    • Correctional Forum  June 20125712 of Act and any amendments and successor disinterested Directors so directs, by indepen- 11.4 Bond. If required by the Board, anyacts thereto; and dent legal counsel in a written opinion. person shall give bond for the faithful discharg- es of his or her duty in such sums and with such the breach or failure to perform constitutes 9.4 Advancement of Expenses. The surety as the Board shall determine.self-dealing, willful misconduct or recklessness; Corporation shall advance expenses incurred by an officer or Director [or employee or other 11.5 Subventions. The Corporation shall Provided, however, that the foregoing provi- be authorized, by resolution of the Directors, to representative] who may be eligible for indem-sion shall not apply to (a) the responsibility or accept subventions on terms and conditions not nification pursuant to this Article in defendingliability of a Director pursuant to any criminal inconsistent with the Act and to issue certificates a Proceeding unless such Proceeding is broughtstatute or (b) the liability of a Director for the therefor. against the person by or in the right of thepayment of taxes pursuant to local, state or Corporation, and may advance such expensesfederal law. 11.6 Corporate Seal. The corporate seal of in any case in which it decides indemnification may be appropriate, in advance of the final the Corporation shall be in circular form and 9.2 Indemnification. The Corporation shall shall bear the name of the Corporation and theindemnify any officer or Director [or employee disposition of such Proceeding, upon receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of such person words “Corporate Seal, Pennsylvania 2006.”or other representative] who was or is a partyor is threatened to be made a party to any to repay the amount so advanced if it shallthreatened, pending or completed action, suit or ultimately be determined that such person is notproceeding, whether civil, criminal, administra- entitled to be indemnified by the Corporation.tive or investigative, (and whether or not by, 9.5 Continuing Right to Indemnifica-or in the right of, the Corpora­ ion) (a “Proceed- t tion. The indemnification and advancement ofing”) by reason of the fact that such person is expenses provided pursuant to this Article shallor was a representative of the Corporation, or continue as to any person who has ceased to beis or was serving at the request of the Corpora- an officer or Director of the Corporation andtion as a representative of another domestic or shall inure to the benefit of the heirs, executorsforeign corporation for-profit or not-for-profit, and administrators of such person.partnership, joint venture, trust or other enter-prise, against expenses (including attorneys’ 9.6 Other Rights. This Article shall not befees), judgments, fines and amounts paid in exclusive of any other right that the Corporationsettlement actually and reasonably incurred in may have to indemnify any person as a matterconnection with such Proceeding if such person of law.acted in good faith and in a manner he or shereasonably believed to be in, or not opposedto, the best interests of the Corporation, and AMENDMENTSwith respect to any criminal proceeding, had 10.1 Amendment of Bylaws. The Bylawsno reason to believe such conduct was illegal, may be amended by a two-thirds vote of theprovided, however, that no person shall be en- members who are present in person and entitledtitled to indemnification pursuant to this Article to vote at any duly convened meeting of mem-in any instance in which the action or failure to bers after notice of such purpose has been given,take action giving rise to the claim for indem- including a copy of the proposed amendment ornification is determined by a court to have a summary of the changes to be effected there-constituted willful misconduct or recklessness; by, sixty days prior to the date of the meeting.and provided, further, however, in instances The Bylaws may also be amended by a vote ofof a claim by or in the right of the Corporation, a majority of all Directors in office to the extentindemnification shall not be made under this permitted by law at a duly convened meetingsection in respect of any claim, issue or matter of the Directors after notice of such purpose hasas to which the person has been adjudged to been given, including a copy of the proposedbe liable to the Corporation unless and only amendment or a summary of the changes to beto the extent that the court of common pleas effected thereby, thirty days prior to the date ofof the judicial district embracing the county the meeting.in which the registered office of the Corpora-tion is located or the court in which the action 10.2 Amendment of Articles of Incorpora-was brought determines upon application that, tion. The Articles of Incorporation may bedespite the adjudication of liability but in view amended by a two-thirds vote of the membersof all the circumstances of the case, such person who are present in person and entitled to voteis fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for at any duly convened meeting of members aftersuch expenses that the court of common pleas or notice of such purpose has been given, includ-other court shall deem proper. ing a copy of the proposed amendment or a summary of the changes to be effected thereby, 9.3 Procedure. Unless ordered by a court, sixty days prior to the date of the meeting.any indemnification under Section 9.2 or oth-erwise permitted by law shall be made by theCorporation only as authorized in the specific MISCELLANEOUScase upon a determination that indemnification 11.1 Fiscal Year. The fiscal year of theis proper in the circumstances because he or she Corporation shall begin on the first day of Julyhas met the applicable standard of conduct set and end on the last day of June.forth under that section. Such determina­ ion tshall be made: 11.2 Conflicts of Interest. The Board shall adopt a policy on dealing with conflicts of inter- (a) by the Board of Directors by a majority est.vote of a quorum consisting of Directors whowere not parties to the action or proceeding; or 11.3 Headings. In interpreting these Bylaws, the headings of articles shall not be (b) if such a quorum is not obtainable or if controlling.obtainable and a majority vote of a quorum of 14 www.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSociety • www.prisonsociety.org
    • June 2012  Correctional Forum Proxy Form InstructionsPresident William K. Stewart has called for a special membership meeting to be held on Tuesday, September 18, 2012,beginning at 11:45 a.m. at the headquarters office of the Prison Society, 245 N. Broad Street, Philadelphia, Pa. A proxyform is below for any member who is unable to attend. To be valid, proxies must be received at this office no later thanMonday, September 17, 2012.If you plan to attend, please notify the Pennsylvania Prison Society by Monday, September 10, by calling 215-564-6005,x116 or emailing tspence@prisonsociety.org.If you do not plan to attend and want to send your proxy voting instructions, please fill in the Proxy Statement and returnit by Monday, September 17, 2012.Tina SpencePennsylvania Prison Society245 North Broad Street, Suite 300Philadelphia, PA 19107 Proxy StatementI _______________________________________________, a member of the Pennsylvania Prison Society, hereby authorizeWilliam K. Stewart (President of the Board of Directors) or William M. DiMascio (Executive Director and Secretary of the Boardof Directors), as my proxy to vote on my behalf on the proposed amendments to the Pennsylvania Prison Society Bylaws ata special meeting of the Pennsylvania Prison Society to be held on Tuesday, September 18, 2012 at 245 North Broad Streetin Philadelphia, Pennsylvania._____ I approve the amendments_____ I reject the amendmentsSigned this ______day of ______________________, 2012____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Signature____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Print Name (Please print legibly)# Correctional Forum Subscription Information To subscribe, simply become a member of the Prison Society. Name__________________________________________ Prisoner ID__________________ $40 Regular Membership $5 Prisoner Institution___________________________________________________________________ $10 Family of Prisoner/Student Address_____________________________________________________________________ $100 Friend of the Society City___________________________________ State___________ Zip___________________ $200 Patron $250 Sponsor Email________________________________________________________________________ $500 Founder Payment Amt_____________________Payment Method____________________________ $1,000 1787 Society Make your check or money order payable to Mail your donation to: The Pennsylvania Prison Society. Memberships The Pennsylvania Prison Society 245 North Broad Street, Suite 300 Thank you for your support! Philadelphia, PA 19107www.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSociety • www.prisonsociety.org 15
    • non-profit org. U.S.Postage245 N. Broad Street • Suite 300 paidPhiladelphia, PA 19107 philadelphia, pa Permit No. 1391Visit us atwww.prisonsociety.orgwww.facebook.com/PennsylvaniaPrisonSocietyhttps://raisingthebars.wordpress.com “Rehabilitation programs within prisons are just as important as good law enforcement in keeping our streets safe.” — State Senator Stewart Greenleaf Correctional Forum June 2012 A Publication of the Pennsylvania Prison SocietyPromoting a humane, just and constructive correctional system and a rational approach to criminal justice since 1787 In This Issue Page 1 The Graying of Pennsylvania’s Prisons Age 55 is considered “elderly” for prisoners Page 2 225 Years of Working Against Human Nature Don’t miss out on From Executive Director William DiMascio important information! Page 3 Student-Run Program Helps Children Connect with Parents in Prison Be among the first to know about Prisoners record themselves reading kids’ books Prison Society news and events. Page 6 To be added to our e-mail list (or to Legislative Highlights notify us of an email change), send Update on SB1153: The Post Conviction Relief Act a message to Page 12 mbogue@prisonsociety.org Guide to Proposed Bylaw Changes of the Pennsylvania Prison Society asking us to use your email address.