Open Education


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Open Education

  1. 1. Open Education Mike Bogle Educational Technologist Learning & Teaching @ UNSW
  2. 2. Key Dates & Projects ● Gutenberg Project (1971) – established to share books online; credited with eTexts ● MIT Open Courseware Initiative (2001) - OCW announced in NYT; launched in 2002 ● UNESCO Forum on the Impact of Open Courseware for Higher Education in Developing Countries (2002) – Coined phrase “Open Educational Resources” ● Cape Town Open Ed. Declaration (2007)
  3. 3. Schools of Thought No single cohesive definition seems to exist for Open Education at present, however there is anecdotal evidence of two emerging schools of thought, as distinguished by their focal point.
  4. 4. Open Educational Resources ● Sharing, reuse, open licensing, resources, courses, courseware, software, frameworks “Open education “ the simple and powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge.” – The Hewlett Foundation
  5. 5. Holistic View of Open Education ● OER seen as a critical aspect, but only one factor in a wider landscape; ● Emphasis on wider, more holistic elements: participation, culture, networks, freedom ● OER are essentially artifacts of participation in Open Ed culture; symbols of cultural ideal and identity “Opening up content is only a starting point.” - George Siemens (2009)
  6. 6. Examples of Openness ● Connectivism and Connective Knowledge ● Wikieducator, Wikiversity ● Social Media Classroom / Collaboratory ● Creative Commons ● UMW Blogs, New South Blogs ● Open High School of Utah ● “Amazing Stories of Openness”
  7. 7. Learning Webs “A good educational system should have three purposes: it should provide all who want to learn with access to available resources at any time in their lives; empower all who want to share what they know to find those who want to learn it from them; and, finally, furnish all who want to present an issue to the public with the opportunity to make their challenge known.” – Ivan Illich, “Deschooling Society” (1971)
  8. 8. Discussion Points ● Opportunities & possibilities? What are the benefits? ● What are criticisms / arguments against open ed? ● Is open education complementary or disruptive? ● Implications for existing systems & structures: IP, QA, sustainability, support, professional development? ● How might the roles of institutions, schools, teachers and students evolve in an open environment? What about assessment, degrees, and curriculum? ● What cultural change factors would be required?
  9. 9. References ● Project Gutenberg: ● MIT OCW: ● UNESCO Forum: ● Cape Town Declaration: ● Hewlett Foundation: ● George Siemens “Here we are...there we are going”: ● Connectivism & Connective Knowledge: ● Social Media Classroom: ● Wikieducator: ● Wikiversity: ● Creative Commons - ● Ivan Illich, Learning Webs, “Deschooling Society”: ● UMW Blogs: ● New South Blogs: ● Open High School of Utah: ● Alan Levine, “Amazing Stories of Openness”:
  10. 10. Open education is a mind-set; it’s a way of working. You don’t produce openness, you are open.
  11. 11. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.