Wikipedia – the missing link in science outreach?

                 Siv Midtun Hollup

                Department of Infor...
What we did last summer
What we did last summer
Page                    Visits May 2010   Vists Nov 2009
Protein                       3103       ...
Just Google It


     Site                             Hits   Percentage
     en.wikipedia.org                 5266      9...
Page ranking




iphylo.blogspot.com/2009/09/google-wikipedia-and-eol.html
Medical terms: MR Laurent et.al, 2009
The war of the encyclopedias




Internet encyclopaedias go head to head, J. Giles, Nature 438, 2005
Can the Wikipedia be used as a citation source?
Can the Wikipedia be used as a citation source?




                     No...
What can Wikipedia do for you?



• Overview of research fields
What can Wikipedia do for you?



• Overview of research fields
• Good introductions to specific subjects
What can Wikipedia do for you?



• Overview of research fields
• Good introductions to specific subjects
• References
What can Wikipedia do for you?



• Overview of research fields
• Good introductions to specific subjects
• References
• Ove...
What can Wikipedia do for you?



• Overview of research fields
• Good introductions to specific subjects
• References
• Ove...
What can Wikipedia do for you?



• Overview of research fields
• Good introductions to specific subjects
• References
• Ove...
What can you do for Wikipedia?




                  • Overview articles
What can you do for Wikipedia?




                  • Overview articles
                  • Detailed explanations of
    ...
What can you do for Wikipedia?




                  • Overview articles
                  • Detailed explanations of
    ...
What can Wikipedia do for you?




• Information on your research field for others
What can Wikipedia do for you?




• Information on your research field for others
• Improve outreach and teaching skills
What can Wikipedia do for you?




• Information on your research field for others
• Improve outreach and teaching skills
•...
What can Wikipedia do for you?




• Information on your research field for others
• Improve outreach and teaching skills
•...
Things to think about


• Evaluation?
Things to think about


• Evaluation?
• Which Wikipedia?
Things to think about


• Evaluation?
• Which Wikipedia?
• Which contributions?
Things to think about


• Evaluation?
• Which Wikipedia?
• Which contributions?
• Audience
Things to think about


• Evaluation?
• Which Wikipedia?
• Which contributions?
• Audience
• Point of view
Things to think about


• Evaluation?
• Which Wikipedia?
• Which contributions?
• Audience
• Point of view
• Language and ...
Things to think about


• Evaluation?
• Which Wikipedia?
• Which contributions?
• Audience
• Point of view
• Language and ...
Things to think about


• Evaluation?
• Which Wikipedia?
• Which contributions?
• Audience
• Point of view
• Language and ...
Things to think about


• Evaluation?
• Which Wikipedia?
• Which contributions?
• Audience
• Point of view
• Language and ...
Do Not Do




• No references
Do Not Do




• No references
• Subjective text
Do Not Do




• No references
• Subjective text
• Anonymous contributions
Do Not Do




• No references
• Subjective text
• Anonymous contributions
• Publish results
Do Not Do




• No references
• Subjective text
• Anonymous contributions
• Publish results
• Copyright and licencing
Wikipedia in teaching




• Outreach for PhD students
Wikipedia in teaching




• Outreach for PhD students
• Contributing to articles in advanced courses
Wikipedia in teaching




• Outreach for PhD students
• Contributing to articles in advanced courses
• Verification of refe...
Wikipedia in teaching




• Outreach for PhD students
• Contributing to articles in advanced courses
• Verification of refe...
Wikimedia Foundation
References



• J Giles, Internet encyclopedias go head to head, Nature 438, 2005
• MR Laurent et al., Seeking Health Info...
Writing tips: Keep It Simple, Stupid




• One sentence – one point
Writing tips: Keep It Simple, Stupid




• One sentence – one point
• Each word counts
Writing tips: Keep It Simple, Stupid




• One sentence – one point
• Each word counts
• Write as you speak
Writing tips: Keep It Simple, Stupid




• One sentence – one point
• Each word counts
• Write as you speak
• Write with n...
Writing tips: Keep It Simple, Stupid




• One sentence – one point
• Each word counts
• Write as you speak
• Write with n...
About words: short and sweet


Bad examples:                    Good examples:
in order to                      to
the rea...
Context, context context!




• What is the context?
Context, context context!




• What is the context?
• What does your audience know?
Context, context context!




• What is the context?
• What does your audience know?
• What is the story?
Context, context context!




• What is the context?
• What does your audience know?
• What is the story?
• Can you summar...
Writing for Wikipedia




• Syntax: naming and formatting of dates, names, species,
  institutions etc.
Writing for Wikipedia




• Syntax: naming and formatting of dates, names, species,
  institutions etc.
• Grammer: Tense, ...
Writing for Wikipedia




• Syntax: naming and formatting of dates, names, species,
  institutions etc.
• Grammer: Tense, ...
Writing for Wikipedia




• Syntax: naming and formatting of dates, names, species,
  institutions etc.
• Grammer: Tense, ...
References



• http://www.sfedit.net/newsletters.htm Writing tips
  for papers
• ML Buddle and DR Wood, Mathematical Writ...
Getting started with Wikipedia




1. Create user account
Getting started with Wikipedia




1. Create user account
2. Log in
Getting started with Wikipedia




1. Create user account
2. Log in
3. Edit page and view in preview or Sandbox
Getting started with Wikipedia




1. Create user account
2. Log in
3. Edit page and view in preview or Sandbox
4. Write c...
Getting started with Wikipedia




1. Create user account
2. Log in
3. Edit page and view in preview or Sandbox
4. Write c...
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Wikipedia in outreach

  1. 1. Wikipedia – the missing link in science outreach? Siv Midtun Hollup Department of Informatics University of Bergen 04.10.2010
  2. 2. What we did last summer
  3. 3. What we did last summer Page Visits May 2010 Vists Nov 2009 Protein 3103 6143 Gen 1683 1355 Hemoglobin 1222 1510 Statistisk signifikans 906 308 Intron 181 109 DNA-sekvensering 170 79 DNA mikromatrise 137 106 Ekson 120 89 Bioinformatikk 107 157 Spleising 74 76 Genuttrykksprofilering 62 58 Sekvenssammenstilling 61 47 Morfogen 55 29 Blast 51 42 Gennettverk 47 18
  4. 4. Just Google It Site Hits Percentage en.wikipedia.org 5266 97% species.wikimedia.org 2934 54% animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu 2890 53% commons.wikimedia.org 1515 28% www.itis.gov 1418 26% ctd.mdibl.org 1288 24% www.bioone.org 1101 20% www.uniprot.org 1086 20% encyclopedia.farlex.com 1007 19% www.thewebsiteofeverything.com 955 17% iphylo.blogspot.com/2009/09/google-wikipedia-and-eol.html
  5. 5. Page ranking iphylo.blogspot.com/2009/09/google-wikipedia-and-eol.html Medical terms: MR Laurent et.al, 2009
  6. 6. The war of the encyclopedias Internet encyclopaedias go head to head, J. Giles, Nature 438, 2005
  7. 7. Can the Wikipedia be used as a citation source?
  8. 8. Can the Wikipedia be used as a citation source? No...
  9. 9. What can Wikipedia do for you? • Overview of research fields
  10. 10. What can Wikipedia do for you? • Overview of research fields • Good introductions to specific subjects
  11. 11. What can Wikipedia do for you? • Overview of research fields • Good introductions to specific subjects • References
  12. 12. What can Wikipedia do for you? • Overview of research fields • Good introductions to specific subjects • References • Overview of disputed questions
  13. 13. What can Wikipedia do for you? • Overview of research fields • Good introductions to specific subjects • References • Overview of disputed questions • Bridge gap between research and books
  14. 14. What can Wikipedia do for you? • Overview of research fields • Good introductions to specific subjects • References • Overview of disputed questions • Bridge gap between research and books • Connect related concepts
  15. 15. What can you do for Wikipedia? • Overview articles
  16. 16. What can you do for Wikipedia? • Overview articles • Detailed explanations of specific concepts
  17. 17. What can you do for Wikipedia? • Overview articles • Detailed explanations of specific concepts • Updated references to papers and books
  18. 18. What can Wikipedia do for you? • Information on your research field for others
  19. 19. What can Wikipedia do for you? • Information on your research field for others • Improve outreach and teaching skills
  20. 20. What can Wikipedia do for you? • Information on your research field for others • Improve outreach and teaching skills • Relevant coursework for students
  21. 21. What can Wikipedia do for you? • Information on your research field for others • Improve outreach and teaching skills • Relevant coursework for students • Add knowledge to public domain
  22. 22. Things to think about • Evaluation?
  23. 23. Things to think about • Evaluation? • Which Wikipedia?
  24. 24. Things to think about • Evaluation? • Which Wikipedia? • Which contributions?
  25. 25. Things to think about • Evaluation? • Which Wikipedia? • Which contributions? • Audience
  26. 26. Things to think about • Evaluation? • Which Wikipedia? • Which contributions? • Audience • Point of view
  27. 27. Things to think about • Evaluation? • Which Wikipedia? • Which contributions? • Audience • Point of view • Language and terms
  28. 28. Things to think about • Evaluation? • Which Wikipedia? • Which contributions? • Audience • Point of view • Language and terms • Structure of the article
  29. 29. Things to think about • Evaluation? • Which Wikipedia? • Which contributions? • Audience • Point of view • Language and terms • Structure of the article • References and sources
  30. 30. Things to think about • Evaluation? • Which Wikipedia? • Which contributions? • Audience • Point of view • Language and terms • Structure of the article • References and sources • Examples
  31. 31. Do Not Do • No references
  32. 32. Do Not Do • No references • Subjective text
  33. 33. Do Not Do • No references • Subjective text • Anonymous contributions
  34. 34. Do Not Do • No references • Subjective text • Anonymous contributions • Publish results
  35. 35. Do Not Do • No references • Subjective text • Anonymous contributions • Publish results • Copyright and licencing
  36. 36. Wikipedia in teaching • Outreach for PhD students
  37. 37. Wikipedia in teaching • Outreach for PhD students • Contributing to articles in advanced courses
  38. 38. Wikipedia in teaching • Outreach for PhD students • Contributing to articles in advanced courses • Verification of references
  39. 39. Wikipedia in teaching • Outreach for PhD students • Contributing to articles in advanced courses • Verification of references • Searching for references
  40. 40. Wikimedia Foundation
  41. 41. References • J Giles, Internet encyclopedias go head to head, Nature 438, 2005 • MR Laurent et al., Seeking Health Information Online: Does Wikipedia Matter?, Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 18, 2009 • KL Callis et al., Improving Wikipedia: educational opportunity and professional responsibility, Trend Ecol. Evol. 24, 2009 • I M¨hlhauser et al., Does WIKIPEDIA provide evidence-based u health care information? A content analysis, Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 102, 2008
  42. 42. Writing tips: Keep It Simple, Stupid • One sentence – one point
  43. 43. Writing tips: Keep It Simple, Stupid • One sentence – one point • Each word counts
  44. 44. Writing tips: Keep It Simple, Stupid • One sentence – one point • Each word counts • Write as you speak
  45. 45. Writing tips: Keep It Simple, Stupid • One sentence – one point • Each word counts • Write as you speak • Write with no room for misunderstadings
  46. 46. Writing tips: Keep It Simple, Stupid • One sentence – one point • Each word counts • Write as you speak • Write with no room for misunderstadings • Edit the text many times in intervals
  47. 47. About words: short and sweet Bad examples: Good examples: in order to to the reason why is that because decreased number of fewer based on the fact that because round in shape round has been shown to be is a great number of times often despite the fact that although it is interesting to note that eliminate
  48. 48. Context, context context! • What is the context?
  49. 49. Context, context context! • What is the context? • What does your audience know?
  50. 50. Context, context context! • What is the context? • What does your audience know? • What is the story?
  51. 51. Context, context context! • What is the context? • What does your audience know? • What is the story? • Can you summarise in one sentence?
  52. 52. Writing for Wikipedia • Syntax: naming and formatting of dates, names, species, institutions etc.
  53. 53. Writing for Wikipedia • Syntax: naming and formatting of dates, names, species, institutions etc. • Grammer: Tense, active/passive
  54. 54. Writing for Wikipedia • Syntax: naming and formatting of dates, names, species, institutions etc. • Grammer: Tense, active/passive • Presenting the whole picture
  55. 55. Writing for Wikipedia • Syntax: naming and formatting of dates, names, species, institutions etc. • Grammer: Tense, active/passive • Presenting the whole picture • Read good and featured articles
  56. 56. References • http://www.sfedit.net/newsletters.htm Writing tips for papers • ML Buddle and DR Wood, Mathematical Writing in English, 2006 • Wikipedia Manual of Style: http: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Manual_of_Style • How to edit Wikipedia: http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/How_to_edit_a_page
  57. 57. Getting started with Wikipedia 1. Create user account
  58. 58. Getting started with Wikipedia 1. Create user account 2. Log in
  59. 59. Getting started with Wikipedia 1. Create user account 2. Log in 3. Edit page and view in preview or Sandbox
  60. 60. Getting started with Wikipedia 1. Create user account 2. Log in 3. Edit page and view in preview or Sandbox 4. Write commit message describing your changes
  61. 61. Getting started with Wikipedia 1. Create user account 2. Log in 3. Edit page and view in preview or Sandbox 4. Write commit message describing your changes 5. Save your changes
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