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Report on activities of bureau of statistics in birganj upazila

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This is a report of Birganj upazilla in Dinajpur districts

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Report on activities of bureau of statistics in birganj upazila

1. 1. Report on Activities of Bureau of Statistics in Birganj Upazila A Project Submitted to the department of statistics, University of Rajshahi, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of M.Sc. Submitted By: Examination Roll No : 08054746 Registration No : 1484 Session : 2007-2008 Examination Year : 2012 University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205 Bangladesh November, 2013
2. 2. Contents Page No Chapter 1: Introduction 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Introduction ……………………………………………… Objective of the study ...…………………………………. Importance of the study………………………………….. Organization of the study………………………………… Chapter 2: Literature Review 2.1 2.2 2.3 Description of the study area…………………………… Organizational Structure …………………....................... Activities of this organization ………………………….. Chapter 3: Report of the Study 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Introduction………………………………………………. Census wing ……………………………………………... Agricultural wing……………………………………….. Demographic wing………………………………………. 5-6 05 05 06 06 7-9 07 07 09 10-14 10 10 12 14 Chapter 4: Summary and Conclusions 15 Chapter 5: Decisions 15
3. 3. Abstract According to the syllabus of M.Sc 2011-12 (Thesis) a course has been imposed as named of In-Plant training. Under this training we are to do make a report on “Activity and Data Collection Procedure of Statistics Office of ourselves Upazila”. For this purpose, I have gone my own Upazila Bureau of Statistics and investigated their activities. The main purpose of the bureau of statistics in Birganj upazila is data collection, data storage and data provide. However they do not analysis data, only send the data to the Bangladesh Bureau of statistics. They use cluster sampling technique to collect data and collect sample by using some men power whose are not statistician.
4. 4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The entire inception for this study I record all my respects and great appreciation to the Almighty for giving me strength, patience, and ability to complete this work. I owe my debt and like to express my deep feelings of gratitude to my reverend teacher and project supervisor, Dr. Md. Aminul Haque, Professor, Department of Statistics, Rajshahi University, for his kind help, guidance, co-operation, technical advice and providing me the best laboratory facility, possible. It would have been quite impossible to carry on the project work without his valuable suggestions and continued encouragement. My special thanks to Ali, Ripon and Maruf. I also thanks to of my all bosom classmates, elder brother and sisters. I would like to thank my upazila statistics officer because he helped me by providing necessary information. I express my profound gratitude and indebtedness to my beloved parents and all other family members for their blessing inspiration, untiring patience, tremendous sacrifice and financial support. Md. Bipul Hossen The Author
5. 5. Chapter 1 Introduction The population and housing census is the unique source of reliable and comprehensive data about the size of the population of the country, major socio-economic and socio-demographic characteristics. It is the total process of collecting, compiling, evaluating, analyzing and publishing or otherwise disseminating demographic, economic and social data pertaining, at a specified time, to all persons in a country. The essential features of a population census are individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity. In Bangladesh at present, has 500 upazilas and 509 administrative thanas for a total of 1009 subdistricts. Birganj upazila is one of them. Birganj came into existence in 1890 as Thana. It is learnt that the Maha Raza Birbal of Dinajpur gave land free of cost to establish the Thana headquarters in this locality and it is generally believed that the upazila might have originated its name Birganj after the name of that Raza. The purpose of community report is to disseminate census data by communities (ward/mahalla in urban area and union/mauza/village in rural area). Data on all key variables namely area, household, population by sex and age group, ethnic population, literacy rate, marital status, school
6. 6. attendance , employment status and religion as well as physical facilities such as source of drinking water, sanitation, electricity and dwelling units have been presented in this report. The planners, researchers and policy makers as well as development partners and community administrators will find this report as a valuable reference for use in advising plans and programs for advancing welfare and well-being of the common people, in particular and the community in general. 1.2 Objective of the study  To observe the sampling technique of Bureau of Statistics in Birganj upazila.  Finding the census technique and observed the significance of using this technique.  To achieve knowledge about my upazila.  To assess analysis procedure.  To gather basic information on ethnic people who are responsible for the statistical research. 1.3 Importance of the study Statistics benefits all of us because we are able to predict the future based on data. Being able to predict the future not only changes our lifestyle but also helps us be more efficient and effective. With statistics we can determine how we will live a year from now, ten years from now, and so on. This is important because if we didn't have data from the past to look upon, we
7. 7. wouldn't be able to prolong our existence by avoiding recurring climate changes like hurricanes and tsunamis and such.  It will provide way to understand the process of collecting data in upazila level in Bangladesh.  It will be helpful to identify the nature of usages of data in national level of Bangladesh.  It will give the knowledge of area description, production, population, birth rate, death rate, marriage, migration etc. 1.4 Organization of the study This report contains five chapters: The first chapter is research perspective that contains introduction objective of the first research, scope of the data and organization of this project research. Chapter-two provides literature review, description of the study area. Chapter-three provides the research which includes introduction, method of the processing, data collection, description of sampling design and sampling unit and statistical method used in the analysis by Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics in the desired area. Finally, Chapter Four includes conclusions, summary, discussion and recommendations.
8. 8. Chapter 2 Literature Review 2.1 A short description of Birganj upazila Birganj came into existence in 1890 as Thana. Nothing is definitely known about the origin of the upazila name. It is learnt that the Maha Raza Birbal of Dinajpur gave land free of cost to establish the Thana headquarters in this locality and it is generally believed that the upazila might have originated its name Birganj after the name of that Raza. Birganj. The upazila occupies an area of 413.11 sq. km. including 5.15 sq.km. forest area. It is located between 25°48' and 26°04' north latitudes and between 88°29' and 88°44' east longitudes. The upazila is bounded on the north by Thakurgaon Sadar and Debiganj upazilas of Panchagarh zila, on the east by Khansama upazila, on the south by Kaharole upazila and on the west by Pirganj upazila of Thakurgaon zila and Bochaganj upazila. Birganj (Town) consists of two mouzas. It has an area of 6.5 sq km and population 10827; male 53.87%, female 46.13%. The density of population is 1666 per sq km. The literacy rate among the town people is 50.7%. It has one dakbungalow.
9. 9. Important unions and places: There are 11 unions in Birganj upazila. Shibrampur, Sattagram, Satair, Maricha, MOhanpur, Bhognapur etc are the important place of Birganj. Postal code nearly – 5220. Statistics: Population 269893; male 51.23% and female 48.77%; Muslim 69.20%, Hindu 28.38%, Buddhist 1.12%, Christian 0.04% and others 1.26%. Average literacy 25%.
10. 10. Main occupations: Agriculture 50.96%, agricultural labourer 32.23%, wage labourer 2.5%, commerce 6.03%, service 2.24%, others 6.04%. Literacy and Educational Institutions:Average literacy 25%; male 33.4%, female 16%. Educational institutions: college 3, high school 25, junior school 11, government primary school 86, non-government primary school 65, madrasa 26, vocational (textile) institute. Land use: Cultivable land 30,486 hectares; fallow land 251.32 hectares; single crop 34%, double crop 52% and treble crop 14%. School College: Birgonj Degree College, Dhulauri Kashim Nagar High School etc are famous educational institution of Birganj. Administration: Birganj thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of 11 union parishads, 187 mouzas and 186 villages. Religious institutions: Mosque 304, Hindu temple 42, church 5, tomb 2 Fruits: Main fruits Watermelon, mango, banana, jackfruit, litchi.
11. 11. Neonatal Mortality Rate (January-December, 2011) The Neonatal Mortality Rate of Birganj Upazila is 0.38 per 1,000 live births. Fig: Child health and MD4 Perinatal Care reduces the maternal and neonatal mortality in the Upazila markedly. Total no of Delivery in this Upazila including Health Complex+Home Delivery+Clinic in 7913. Out of which 13 are still births and the rest and live birth. Total 10112 numbers of patients treated following IMCI guideline (including UHC, USC, UHFWC)
12. 12. Maternal health (January-December, 2011) Maternal Mortality Rate is 25.32 per 100,000 live births. Fig: Meternal health and MD5 MDG 5 is to improve maternal health. Birganj upazila health complex has EmOC services. But caesarian section is not possible in this upazila health complex. Because Junior Consultant Gaynee & Anesthesiologist physician post is vacant. In 2011, According to MDG the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) target is 143 by 2015. Most of the pregnant mother came to the hospital at the late stage with severe complication. We are increasing the services at community clinic by Community Health Care Provider (CHCP) to increase the Antenatal and Post natal coverage (ANC & PNC) in the upazila to decrease the maternal death. If we trained the CHCP, then we can should decrease the maternal death.
13. 13. 2.1 About Birganj Statistics Office: Each and every upazila have a upazila statistics office. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics have 23 regional statistics office are routinely conducted. Upazila statistics office generates their activities under ministry of planning and Endemic statistics officers. There are five manpower in this regional office in which one Statistical officer, Statistical investigator, two junior statistical officer and one chain man. Md. Abul Kalam Azad, Statistics officer of Birganj upazila. He achieves post graduate degree in Economics of Rajshahi University.
14. 14. 2.2 Organizational Structure: Upazila Statistics Officer Statistics Investigator Junior Statistics Assistance 1 Junior Statistics Assistance 2 ChainMan 2.3 Activities of Birganj Statistics Office The main activities of Birganj Statistics Office are mention below. 2.3.1 Objective of this organization  To provide accurate, standard and appropriate statistics.  To distribute data, Policy makers, planners, researchers, and the information that required for taking decision.  To increase organizational efficiency.  To build professionalism.
15. 15. 2.3.2 Services of this organization  Conducting population census, agriculture census and economic census.  Various professions involved in the wage rate and the wage index.  Collecting information about the status of children nutrition.  The development and empowerment of women in the economic social status impose for ready gender statistics.  To determine the income and expenditure survey data that relating to the management of the country's poverty situation. 2.3.3 Commitments of this organization  Information, data processing and the use of technology.  Within the shortest period of time and the quality of the data.  Taking the challenge of globalization, demand data to provide accurate decision making.  To guarantee the provider information keep privacy.  To reach accelerated and well-timed of statistical related activities. 2.3.4 Expectations of this organization  Collecting cooperative attitude from data providers and data users.  Providing correct information to data provider within short time.  To enrich the value of statistics by making constructive suggestion from user.
16. 16. BIRGANJ UPAZILA CENSUS RESULTS AT A GLANCE Items Upazila 2011 2001 Both Sex 3,17,253 2,69,893 Male 1,59,612 1,38,269 Female 1,57,641 1,31,624 Urban 19,467 0 Other Urban 0 13,591 Rural 2,97,786 2,56,302 Annual growth rate 1.6 1.55 Total 101 105 Urban 105 0 Other Urban 0 111 Rural 101 105 Total 73,895 59,170 Urban 4,535 0 Other Urban 0 2,818 Rural 69,360 56,352 Population (Enumerated) Sex Ratio Households (HH) Average HH Size
17. 17. Total 4.27 4.55 Urban 4.24 0 Other Urban 0.00 4.75 Rural 4.28 4.54 Area sq. km 413.11 412.99 Area sq. mile 159.50 159.45 Density per sq. km 768 654 Density per sq. mile 1989 1693 Urbanization (%) 6.14 5.04 Both Sex 48.1 38.8 Male 51.8 45.6 Female 44.3 31.8 Both Sex 54.2 48.8 Male 55.7 51.9 Female 52.7 45.6 Both Sex 3,29,589 2,82,037 Male 1,65,821 1,44,489 Female 1,63,768 1,37,548 Union 11 11 Mauza 186 186 Literacy (%) School Atten (5-24 years) (%) Population (A djusted) Geographic Unit
18. 18. Village 187 186 Paurashava 1 0 Paura Ward 9 0 Paura Mahalla 11 0
19. 19. Chapter 3 Report study 3.1 Introduction Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) the main source of official STATISTICS in Bangladesh. The bureau is under the Statistics Division of the Ministry of Planning, Government of Bangladesh and is accountable to and liable for acquiring, processing, preserving and publishing all types of statistical data. The statistical system of the country is mostly centralized in BBS. It was created by the government in August 1974. A separate Statistics Division was also established in July 1975. A Secretary heads the division. He heads the Bureau as its Director General. A Deputy Director General supports the Director General. In policy matters, BBS is under the administrative control of the Statistics Division. Birganj Bureau of Statistics is serving statistical work in Birganj upazila under Dinajpur district. The main function of Birganj Bureau of Statistics 1. Agriculture 2. Administration 3. Accountancy 4. Non-agriculture 5. Bunch of spots Survey 6. Ratio of Vital and non-vital crop. 7. Population Census 8. Housing Census
20. 20. 9. Literacy Survey 10. Compendium of Environmental Statistics 11. Collecting and provide the data about the rate of birth, death, marriage, divorce, emigration, immigration, child nutrition using MSVS. 12. Collecting and provide the data about budget of union council and municipal. 13. Collecting and provide the data about the number and area of hat, bazar, road, river, forest etc. List of services Services Services System receiver 1. Dagaguccha survey State Every 3 months 2. M.S.V.S.B State Per month 3. UP/ Municipal Budget State Per year 4. Population Census State After ten years of 5. Agricultural Survey State After ten years of 6. Economic Survey State After ten years of 7. Slash and estimating crop State Every season 8. The sent required information State According Public/ State to the needs of
21. 21. 3.2 Census wing Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics is the national organization responsible for developing statistical programs with a view to designing censuses and surveys and implementation of field programs to produce data at national, local and other small levels. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics conducts censuses through the Census Wing. It is one of the six wings of BBS constituting of three sections namely Population Census, Agriculture Census and Economic Census. Censuses are held after every decade to maintain their decennial periodicity. Censuses provide basic data on housing and household characteristic education and literacy, birth, death, occupation, migration, economic activities, income, expenditure, savings, disability, industry & cottage industry agricultural crops, land ownership & landless rural transport livestock and poultry area under different crops etc. Table 3.1: Population Census’ 2011 under Birganj Upazila Total Household 42323 Total Population 269893 Sex Ration 105 Area 413 (sq. km.) Literacy 48.1% Population density 1666 (per sq. km.) The first population census was conducted in 1872, Agriculture Census in 1977 and Economic Census in 1986. Census is a massive national task requiring co-ordination and co-operation among different Govt, nonGovt NGOs and private organizations. Success of modern censuses depends
22. 22. very much on a number of factors such as preparation, computerized control and quality preparation of enumeration area maps, reorganization of field, pre-testing of questionnaires, procurement of census logistics and other related factors. The population census was carried out to achieve the following objectives:  To determine the population and the number of households of the country;  To obtain data on demographic characteristics by gender;  To obtain data on disability;  To collect information on housing, household structure and other selected facilities;  To generate data on gender specific occupation and participation in economic activities;  To gather basic information on ethnic people and  To prepare socio-economic database for policy makers, planners and researchers etc. 3.3 Agricultural Wing Bangladesh is predominantly an agricultural country. The Government has, therefore, accorded a highest priority to agricultural development. For determining policy for planning, policy formulation and for developing action program in agriculture, basic data regarding the structural and other characteristics of agriculture are essential. Data required for these purpose are provided through the Agriculture Wing of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. In view of this, Agriculture Wing has been undertaking different
23. 23. programs all over the country throughout the year for collecting agricultural statistics. Agricultural statistics consist of structural and annual statistics. The structural statistics are generated through full count/sample census normally at a regular interval of ten years as per FAO guidelines. The annual agricultural statistics are generated by Agriculture Wing through annual/seasonal sample surveys. 3.3.1 Current programmed of Agriculture Wing The programmed of the current agriculture statistics is designed to:  Prepare estimates of acreage, production and yield per acre of 6 major crops and more than 100 minor crops which are cultivated in the country;  Prepare the area and production forecast report of 6 major crops.  Estimate crop damages caused by floods, cyclone, storms and other natural calamities;  Prepare monthly Agriculture Labor Wage Rate based on monthly agriculture labor wage survey;  Make annual land utilization and irrigation statistics by regions;  Make annual Fisheries, Forestry, Livestock and Poultry statistics by region. These are newly included from the year 2005-2006;  Improve both scopes of current programs and estimation techniques.  Prepare annual publications named Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh. The Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics is prepared exclusively with agriculture related data. Of these, data are collected and compiled by BBS and some others are collected from secondary sources and compiled by BBS.
24. 24. 3.3.2 Methods of data collection and estimation of crop statistics Both subjective and objective methods are used to obtain crop statistics. Subjective method is used for estimating minor crops. Objective method refers to the use of probability sample areas and objective yield measurements. Here also, those five selected farmers are interviewed. Subjective Method Crop estimation are usually initiated at upazila level. Upazila statistical offices select one mouza from each union by simple random sampling. Then household list is prepared within the selected mouza and stratify the households according to the farm sizes i.e. large, medium and small farmers are categorized. By simple random sampling, one large, one medium and three small farmers are selected. Upazila statistical offices collect data through interview of those selected farmers for crop area, per acre yield of last year as well as current year. For estimating proportion of crop area five respondent farmers are interviewed. Current year crop area of the union is obtained by multiplying the rate of proportion with the crop area of last year of the union. Upazila area is determined by adding up the union figures and district estimates in the same manner by adding upazila estimates. Objective Method 9348 sample cluster plots are constituted all over the country for measuring area cultivated and yield per acre of major crops. 2 sample cluster plots are
25. 25. constituted all over Birganj upazila which are Mahatabpur and Bhobanipur for measuring area cultivated and yield per acre of major crops. 3.3.3 Cluster Area and Estimation In Birganj Upazila there are 28 cluster instead of 413 sq km of area. Every cluster is constructed by 2 acre to 5 acre. Clusters are visited four times in a year and acreage under different crops in each plot are recorded by the field staffs in the prescribed schedule. The filled in schedules are sent to head office through regional statistical offices. These forms are checked, scrutinized and then processed for area estimation. Area estimates by crop and by Mahatabpur and Bhobanipur under Maricha union of Birganj upazila is determined by ratio method and the expressions are as follows: Area for a crop for the Birganj upazila = Effective area for the Birganj upazila X Area Ratio devoted to the crop for The Birganj upazila. Where, Effective area = Total land area - Area not utilized for Agri. Area ratio devoted to the crop for the Birganj upazila
26. 26. 3.3.4 Measuring yield rates by crop cutting Yield per hectare for major crops (Aus rice, Aman rice, Boro rice, Wheat, Jute and Potato) are estimated through crop cutting experiments in the clusters. Circular cuts of 215.278 sq. ft. are taken from the plots reporting the crop within sample clusters. The cuts are located randomly from the sample plots. The 215.278 sq. ft. cut is obtained in three concentric circular cuts. The cut is delineated using equipment with extendible arms. The inner most cut is defined by 8.278 ft. radius. Birganj upazila estimates of yield per hectare are simple average of yield rates computed from the sample plots. The area estimates given by the formula (1) multiplied by the above yield estimates provides the production estimate for the district.
27. 27. Table 3.2: Economic Census’ 2011 under Birganj Upazila Permanent Institute 5357 Temporary Institute 412 Economical Activities beyond the 4510 Agriculture Total Unit 10279 3.4 Demographic Wing The Demography & Health Wing of BBS is responsible for conducting periodical health and demographic surveys. To this end, it conducts nationwide household surveys on Health & Demographic scenario of the population for providing relevant information in the areas of household and housing population, morbidity and mortality. Besides, through these surveys BBS collects detailed information about treatment and treatment expenditure, contraceptive prevalence, health behavior and maternal and child health care. A census is conducted at a 10 year interval. But various demographic information and data are required for the period between these big intercensuses. In order to keep these data updated in a continual basis, the Demography and Health Wing provides inter-censal data to determine annual changes in some population parameters. For this purpose the wing has been conducting the Sample Vital Registration System since 1980. But in order to increase its efficiency further to cater to the present needs, the Demographic and Health Wing has taken up a project named „Strengthening of Sample
28. 28. Vital Registration System‟ in July 2000. Since then the wing along with the project has been regularly collecting, compiling and publishing data on some vital events (like birth, death, marriage, divorced/separated, migration, contraceptive use and disability) during the inter-censal periods. 3.4.1 The main activities of Demography and Health Wing in Birganj Upazila are as follows  To evaluate and to generate data on people‟s prevalence of morbidity, health expenditure and awareness of HIV/AIDS.  To conduct surveys aiming to generate data on health conditions, prevalence of nutrition.  To conduct various socio-economic surveys.  To prepare gender statistics.  To prepare demographic indicators.
29. 29. Chapter 4 Summary and Conclusions In my investigation I have got, bureau of statistics of Birganj upazila does not analysis data. They only responsible for data collection, data storage, and data provide. They collect many kinds of data such as demographical data, agricultural data, economic data, nonagricultural data, and educational data and so on. They send these kinds of data to Bangladesh bureau of statistics. Bangladesh bureau of statistics analyze those data and make a report on respective sectors. They send that report to the bureau of statistics of Birganj upazila. Birganj bureau of statistics preserve those report. Another important information in here, they use cluster sampling technique to collect sample. Two villages are selected namely Mahatabpur and Bhobanipur by using cluster sampling technique. Every purpose they collect sample from above two villages. They select some volunteers for data collection whose are nonstatistician, most of the volunteers are college student. Birganj bureau of statistics arrange a training program which contain how to data collected. They give some idea about questioner.
30. 30. Chapter 5 Decisions From the above discussion I able to know that they have selected only two cluster which are Mahatabpur and Bhobanipur. For getting any kinds of information within survey they collect sample from those village. Here I have a question, if the object related sample is not available then how can we get our required information. So I think cluster should be selected according to our object. Another problem is they do not analysis the data only they collect the data and send the data to the Bangladesh bureau of statistics they analysis the data and make report. I think it may contain lot of opportunity for giving biased result.
31. 31. Reference 1. Bangladesh National Portal, http://birganj.dinajpur.gov.bd/ 2. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW), HEALTH BULLETIN 2012, The data belong to Jan-Dec 2011, Birganj Upazila Health Complex. 3. From BANGLAPEDIA, National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh, http://www.bpedia.org/B_0531.php. 4. From WIKIPEDIA, The Free http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birganj_Upazila. Encyclopedia,