Introduction
Learning clarified
Multimedia clarified
Session Plan
Learning is active
Two kinds of memory
Long-term memory
Working memory
Two kinds of memory
Where We Are – Learning is Active
Capacity is limited
Seven plus or minus two
Memory Span Test 8-7-5-3-9-6-4
7 bullet example
Cognitive load
Memory table Long-Term Memory Working Memory Capacity Unlimited Very limited Duration Indefinite Short life unless kept ac...
Where We Are – Capacity is Limited
Dual channels
Dual channels visually
Where We Are – Dual Channels
Multimedia Principle
Wall of words
LC visual example New Library of Congress  Classification System Sorted by groups of letters Further subdivided by groups ...
Quantitative in text
Quantitative visually Top 3 competencies 76.7% 73.7% 32.4%
Hidden concepts in text
Hidden concepts visually
Process in text Example from “11 ½ Ideas for Designing Slides and Interactions…” by Roger Courville
Process visually Example from “11 ½ Ideas for Designing Slides and Interactions…” by Roger Courville
Be careful with Smart Art Multiple Intelligences
Importance of Visual Literacy
Where We Are – Multimedia Principle
Coherence Principle
An example of my own
Irrelevant background images
Decorative graphics – clip art
Decorative graphics – stock photos
Is a document better?
Graphics with different meaning
Show the actual meaning
Grovo - music background
Where We Are –Coherence Principle
Redundancy Principle
Elearning example
Wall of words, redundancy
Solution
Where We Are - Redundancy
Split Attention Principle
Split text and narrative
Handout Example
Split attention with screen shots
Spatial contiguity
Review
Credits Presentation / Image credits Slide 15: Accessed from http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2007/05/powerpoint_rang/  Sli...
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Design It for Learning: Using Multimedia Effectively in Presentations and More

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Presentation to be delivered at the Colorado Association of Libraries Conference, October 15, 2011

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  • Closing – 1. questions, 2. your takeaways, 3. the issues you noted at the beginning – can you see how this material could be implemented to remedy?
  • Long-term memory is the storehouse of prior knowledge
  • The famous 1956 paper by George A. Miller, The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on our Capacity for Processing Information. A variety of studies could be summarized by saying that short-term memory had a capacity of about "seven plus-or-minus two" chunks . Miller acknowledged that "we are not very definite about what constitutes a chunk of information."
  • Accessed from http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2007/05/powerpoint_rang/
  • The amount that can be handled in working memory at one time – we can easily add to cognitive load by using multimedia that may not facilitate learning, and may in fact hinder it The amount of work imposed on working memory There is load inherent in learning – because things are difficult, and/or we’re doing the active process of learning – extraneous load is what we can control for
  • keep the extraneous load of materials as low as possible, so that the available working memory resources can be used for the actual learning process.
  • WHY?
  • http://linux01.crystalgraphics.com/view/2faf3-OWE5O/Library_of_Congress_Classification_System_flash_ppt_presentation
  • Use a simple example to show visually what LC call numbers look like
  • Another relational graphic – shows quantitative relationships
  • www.unesco.org/webworld/publications/ictlip6/lesson1.ppt
  • Interpretive – builds an understanding of an abstract or invisible process
  • From http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/history/mi.html
  • WHY?
  • http://www.slideshare.net/cliotech/podcasting-for-secondary-teachers What does water have to do with this presentation on literacies? Subtle, subconscious confusion
  • http://www.slideshare.net/zaid/introduction-to-critical-thinking Decorative graphics – don’t necessarily hinder, but, a lost opportunity to use the visual channel and balance load – the image serves no useful instructional purpose We often see this with stock photos – people shaking hands
  • http://www.slideshare.net/parature/how-to-tell-anyone-anything-coaching-your-service-team-to-success
  • http://www.slideshare.net/parature/how-to-tell-anyone-anything-coaching-your-service-team-to-success
  • One to ask the audience Good example of inappropriate graphics – uses a head a feet but this is not contextual – better to show what’s actually being said – this is an issue with people trying to use visual design approaches, when they don’t help learning – in this case it may even hinder
  • WHY?
  • Start with slide 3
  • http://www.slideshare.net/frufruninja/the-challenges-of-urbanization
  • WHY?
  • http://www.slideshare.net/vmg569/diversity-as-a-core-value-in-academic-libraries
  • http://www.pstcc.edu/online/faculty/tools/quickref/Faculty-D2L-quickref.pdf Need to go back and forth between text handout and toolbar on computer – similar to using a book where table or figure is on a different page than the explanation
  • Closing – 1. questions, 2. your takeaways, 3. the issues you noted at the beginning – can you see how this material could be implemented to remedy?
  • Design It for Learning: Using Multimedia Effectively in Presentations and More

    1. 1. Introduction
    2. 2. Learning clarified
    3. 3. Multimedia clarified
    4. 4. Session Plan
    5. 5. Learning is active
    6. 6. Two kinds of memory
    7. 7. Long-term memory
    8. 8. Working memory
    9. 9. Two kinds of memory
    10. 10. Where We Are – Learning is Active
    11. 11. Capacity is limited
    12. 12. Seven plus or minus two
    13. 13. Memory Span Test 8-7-5-3-9-6-4
    14. 14. 7 bullet example
    15. 15. Cognitive load
    16. 16. Memory table Long-Term Memory Working Memory Capacity Unlimited Very limited Duration Indefinite Short life unless kept active Processing None - Inert repository All conscious thought and processing
    17. 17. Where We Are – Capacity is Limited
    18. 18. Dual channels
    19. 19. Dual channels visually
    20. 20. Where We Are – Dual Channels
    21. 21. Multimedia Principle
    22. 22. Wall of words
    23. 23. LC visual example New Library of Congress Classification System Sorted by groups of letters Further subdivided by groups of numbers and letters
    24. 24. Quantitative in text
    25. 25. Quantitative visually Top 3 competencies 76.7% 73.7% 32.4%
    26. 26. Hidden concepts in text
    27. 27. Hidden concepts visually
    28. 28. Process in text Example from “11 ½ Ideas for Designing Slides and Interactions…” by Roger Courville
    29. 29. Process visually Example from “11 ½ Ideas for Designing Slides and Interactions…” by Roger Courville
    30. 30. Be careful with Smart Art Multiple Intelligences
    31. 31. Importance of Visual Literacy
    32. 32. Where We Are – Multimedia Principle
    33. 33. Coherence Principle
    34. 34. An example of my own
    35. 35. Irrelevant background images
    36. 36. Decorative graphics – clip art
    37. 37. Decorative graphics – stock photos
    38. 38. Is a document better?
    39. 39. Graphics with different meaning
    40. 40. Show the actual meaning
    41. 41. Grovo - music background
    42. 42. Where We Are –Coherence Principle
    43. 43. Redundancy Principle
    44. 44. Elearning example
    45. 45. Wall of words, redundancy
    46. 46. Solution
    47. 47. Where We Are - Redundancy
    48. 48. Split Attention Principle
    49. 49. Split text and narrative
    50. 50. Handout Example
    51. 51. Split attention with screen shots
    52. 52. Spatial contiguity
    53. 53. Review
    54. 54. Credits Presentation / Image credits Slide 15: Accessed from http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2007/05/powerpoint_rang/ Slide 23: http://linux01.crystalgraphics.com/view/2faf3-OWE5O/Library_of_Congress_Classification_System_flash_ppt_presentation Slide 25: http://www.slideshare.net/mtdoherty_vcu/ala-2011-interview-better Slide 27: http://www.unesco.org/webworld/publications/ictlip6/lesson1.ppt Slide 29, 30: Example from “11 ½ Ideas for Designing Slides and Interactions for OnlineTraining” webinar by Roger Courville of 1080 Group, September 22, 2011 Slide 31: Accessed from http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/history/mi.html Slide 36: http://www.slideshare.net/cliotech/podcasting-for-secondary-teachers Slide 37: http://www.slideshare.net/zaid/introduction-to-critical-thinking Slide 38, 39: http://www.slideshare.net/parature/how-to-tell-anyone-anything-coaching-your-service-team-to-success Slide 40: http://www.slideshare.net/richardejjones/underpinning-principles-of-presentation Slide 41: http://www.grovo.com Slide 45: Screenshot from Skillsoft: The Power of the Learning Organization – online course accessed via WebJunction Slide 46: http://www.slideshare.net/frufruninja/the-challenges-of-urbanization Slide 50: http://www.slideshare.net/vmg569/diversity-as-a-core-value-in-academic-libraries Slide 51: http://www.pstcc.edu/online/faculty/tools/quickref/Faculty-D2L-quickref.pdf          

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