Moving Beyond Degrees: Competency as Currency

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Moving Beyond Degrees: Competency as Currency

  1. 1. Moving Beyond Degrees:Why Competency is Currency Michael Bettersworth Texas State Technical College michael.bettersworth@systems.tstc.edu October 25, 2010 PERSH Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  2. 2. Source: CollegeGrad.com. College graduates moving back home in larger number. 22 July 2009! Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  3. 3. U.S. Credit Card Debt $826.5 billion U.S. Student Loan Debt $829.785 billion An estimated “$300 billion in federal student loan debts have been incurred in the last four years...” Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  4. 4. Four times the rate of inflation. Almost twice the rate of healthcare costs. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  5. 5. Source: Cronin, Joseph & Horton, Howard.Will higher education be the next bubble to burst? The Chronicle of Higher Education. May 22, 2009. “There is a growing sense among the public that higher education might be overpriced and under-delivering.” -The Chronicle of Higher Education Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  6. 6. Source: Business Roundtable, New survey reveals obstacles to training and education are threatening U.S. competitiveness and worker prosperity. October 8, 2009 And yet... “American workers’ unmet need for further education and training is exacerbating today’s unemployment problem and portending long-term trouble for workers and businesses -- even after the economy recovers.” -Business Roundtable Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  7. 7. The War on Work The Education Dichotomy The Higher Ed Imbalance Measuring What Counts Moving Beyond Degrees Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  8. 8. “...the collective effect [...] has been this marginalization of lots and lots of jobs. And I realized [...] to me the most important thing to know and to really come face to face with is the fact that I got it wrong about a lot of things.” “We have declared War on Work” Mike Rowe, Dirty Jobs Source: TED Speech, December 2008. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  9. 9. There is much talk of “diversity” in education, but not much accommodation of the kind we have in mind when we speak about the quality of a man, or a woman: the diversity of disposition.! Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  10. 10. Source: Dreher, Rod.The soft bigotry of high expectations.The Dallas Morning News. May 29, 2009. Rod Dreher Dallas Morning News “We have come to see labor as something we do in exchange for money and not as an expression of our intrinsic nature. Many a white-collar man works hard but lives in a world of soul-killing abstraction, where what he does, what he feels and who he is have little to do with one another.” Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  11. 11. Source:The new competition for america’s jobs.Trends Magazine. June 2010. Up to 3 million highly-skilled technical positions remain unfilled as of June 2010. This “War on Work” has led to a perceived devaluation of certain career and educational pursuits. How did we get here? Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  12. 12. The War on Work The Education Dichotomy The Higher Ed Imbalance Measuring What Counts Moving Beyond Degrees Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  13. 13. 80% 20% Blue Collar White Collar The Class of Work Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  14. 14. 80% 20% Blue Collar White Collar “Mental” “Manual” The Class of Work Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  15. 15. This division has been applied to American education. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  16. 16. Smith-Hughes Act 1917 Education Dissected AcademicVocationalEducation Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  17. 17. Smith-Hughes Act 1917 Education Dissected Academic Vocational Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  18. 18. 65% 20% 15% Skilled “Labor” “Professional” Unskilled “Labor” New Model - Still Off Target Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  19. 19. 65% 20% 15% Skilled “Labor” “Professional” Unskilled “Labor” “Cubicles” “Fries with that?” “Experts” “Craftsmen” “Developers” “Skilled” “Technicians” “Engineers” “Paid” “Hired” New Model - Still Off Target Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  20. 20. Laser Optics Laser Electro Optic Devices • Continuous Wave Lasers • Pulsed lasers • Thin Films • Vacuum Technology • Geometrical and Wave Optics Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  21. 21. Center for Astrophysics, Space Physics, and Engineering Research “CASPER” Hypervelocity Impacts and Dusty Plasmas Lab & Space Science Lab (SSL) are supplied with full time technical support using TSTC faculty and students with CASPER's technical support staff. National laboratory model with Baylor/TSTC. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  22. 22. Nanotechnology Nanotech Characteristics • Image characterization • Nanotech Processes • Scanning Electron Microscopy • Atomic Force Microscopy • Transmission Electron Microscopy • Class 100 Clean Room • Continuous Wave • Pulsed Laser • Geometrical Optics • Wave Optics • Semiconductor Manufacturing Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  23. 23. Instrumentation & Process Control Proportional, Integral and Derivative Control • Loop Tuning Control Loop Systems • Computerized Control Systems (Allen Bradley & Siemens) • Wonderware Graphics Fronts • Delta V systems • Mechatronics Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  24. 24. Mechanical Engineering Materials Classification • Non-Destructive Testing • Alloying • Plastics • Polymers • Composites • Advanced CNC • Tools & Fixtures • Electrical Theory • Materials Strength • Fluid Mechanics & Applications • Machine Design • • 3D Solid Modeling • CAD/CAM • Physics • Statistics • Welding Processes • GTAW • GMAW • SMAW Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  25. 25. Engineering schools realized this in 2001 Source:About CDIO, http://www.cdio.org/about_cdio/about_1_cdio.html, Retrieved July 7, 2009. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  26. 26. Source:About CDIO, http://www.cdio.org/about_cdio/about_1_cdio.html, Retrieved July 7, 2009. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  27. 27. “Imagination is more important than knowledge.” Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  28. 28. Source: Hacker,A & Dreifus, C.Are colleges worth the price of admission.The Chronicle of Higher Education. July 11, 2010. Higher education must serve all of these segments; however, according to the Chronicle of Higher Education,“colleges are taking on too many roles and doing none of them well.” Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  29. 29. The War on Work The Education Dichotomy The Higher Ed Imbalance Measuring What Counts Moving Beyond Degrees Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  30. 30. “Over the next ten years, 26 of the top 30 fastest growing jobs will require some post-secondary education or training...The demand for skilled workers is outpacing supply, resulting in attractive, high-paying jobs going unfilled.” Emily Stover DeRocco President,The Manufacturing Institute, National Center for the American Workforce Former Assistant Secretary of Labor for Education and Training Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  31. 31. “Essentially, postsecondary education or training has become the threshold requirement for access to middle-class status and earnings in good times and in bad.” “It is no longer the preferred pathway to middle-class jobs—it is, increasingly, the only pathway.” Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  32. 32. Therefore, it is reasoned, we must increase college graduation rates. In Texas we call this,“Closing the Gaps.” What Gaps Are We Closing? Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  33. 33. 0 27500 55000 82500 110000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Texas Public Two-Year Colleges Awards Texas Public Four-Year Universities Awards College graduation is increasing in Texas. That’s a good thing. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  34. 34. Technical awards are flat/declining. Academic awards are now the most common. This is incongruent with job demand. 0 12500 25000 37500 50000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Texas Technical Public TwoYear Awards Texas Academic Public Two-Year Awards Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  35. 35. Academic Transfer Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  36. 36. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  37. 37. Launchpad Fund Job Building Fund Career and Technical Scholarship Fund $10,000,000 $10,000,000$5,000,000 Equipment for high-demand technical programs at two- year colleges. Support nonprofit programs preparing low-income students for high-demand occupations. Scholarships for two-year college students enrolled in programs for high-demand occupations. The Texas JET Fund Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  38. 38. Source: McNichol, Oliff, and Johnson. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. States continue to feel recession’s impact. October 7, 2010 Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  39. 39. Source: McNichol, Oliff, and Johnson. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. States continue to feel recession’s impact. October 7, 2010 Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  40. 40. Source: McNichol, Oliff, and Johnson. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. States continue to feel recession’s impact. October 7, 2010 Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  41. 41. State budget cuts will likely lead to a further reduction in technical training capacity. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  42. 42. The War on Work The Education Dichotomy The Higher Ed Imbalance Measuring What Counts Moving Beyond Degrees Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  43. 43. Source: House Education & Labor Committee (May 12, 2009).“High school dropout crisis threatens U.S. economic growth and competitiveness, witnesses tell house panel”. Press release. Retrieved September 23, 2009. Nationwide, 7,000 students drop out of high school every day. - U.S. House Education & Labor Committee Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  44. 44. Source: Bridgeland, Dilulio and Burke Morison, The Silent Epidemic: Perspectives of High School Dropouts, A report by Civic Enterprises in association with the Peter D. Hart Research Associates, Washington, DC, March 2006. I dropped out of school because… Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  45. 45. Source: Bridgeland, Dilulio and Burke Morison, The Silent Epidemic: Perspectives of High School Dropouts, A report by Civic Enterprises in association with the Peter D. Hart Research Associates, Washington, DC, March 2006. I could have graduated... Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  46. 46. One in every four students leaves college before completing sophomore year. Source: American College Testing Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  47. 47. Only about 60% of Americans who enter a four-year college graduate with a degree within six years. Source: American College Testing Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  48. 48. Source: CollegeGrad.com. College graduates moving back home in larger number. 22 July 2009! Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  49. 49. "A university degree used to be an entree to a job.” “Their university degree means they have a good, solid education but not necessarily something that translates easily into a job.” Ann Buller, President Centennial College Source: Birchard, K. (2010) Canadian university graduates are going back to the classroom for vocational training. The Chronicle. Retrieved from http://chronicle.com/article/Canadian-University-Graduates/ 66078/?sid=cc&utm_source=cc&utm_medium=en. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  50. 50. "The colleges have become kind of a finishing school for university graduates.” Enrollment of "postgraduate students" at Seneca College has increased at a steady rate, making up 15 percent of the full-time student body and 50 percent of the part-time population in 2009. Rick Miner, President Emeritus Seneca College Source: Birchard, K. (2010) Canadian university graduates are going back to the classroom for vocational training. The Chronicle. Retrieved from http://chronicle.com/article/Canadian-University-Graduates/ 66078/?sid=cc&utm_source=cc&utm_medium=en. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  51. 51. Source: Kelley, P.,The dreaded “P” word: an examination of productivity in public postsecondary education, July 2009. Median earnings in Alabama employment market, and certificates/degrees weighted by value to the state and individuals: Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  52. 52. Source: Kelley, P.,The dreaded “P” word: an examination of productivity in public postsecondary education, July 2009. Median earnings in Alabama employment market, and certificates/degrees weighted by value to the state and individuals: Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  53. 53. It’s not that you study, but what you study in relation to market demand. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  54. 54. “Unless we can align career and technology education with what is needed in the workforce, we will simply not be able to realize the vast potential of the Texas Energy Cluster or other high-growth sectors.” “…I believe that our education system should make a shift to one that is market-driven and takes into account the skills needed by employers.” Tom Pauken Commissioner Texas Workforce Commission Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  55. 55. The colleges that most students attend "need to streamline their programs, so they emphasize employability.” Anthony P. Carnevale Director, Georgetown Center Georgetown University Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  56. 56. Common Measurements Fuzzy Measurements Enrollments Demographics Contact Hours Course Completion Graduates Numbers of Awards Award Levels National Benchmarks Placement Rate Earnings Student Satisfaction Employer Satisfaction New Companies Return on Investment Value to Taxpayer Efficiency What We Measure Counts. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  57. 57. We must develop talent pipelines aligned with market demand, not simply increase college completion. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  58. 58. The War on Work The Education Dichotomy The Higher Ed Imbalance Measuring What Counts Moving Beyond Degrees Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  59. 59. Traditional higher education is a linear progression built on courses, semesters, degree plans and graduation. In order to respond to the nation’s workforce needs, we must do better. This is a national security and competitiveness priority. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  60. 60. Start Enroll Intro to Auto Automotive Electrical Automotive Hydraulics Intro to Diesel Diesel Electrical Diesel Hydraulics Intro to Industrial Systems Industrial Electrical Industrial Hydraulics Traditional Curriculum Model Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  61. 61. Start Assessment Automotive Applications Diesel Applications Industrial Applications HVAC Applications Path Technology Core Basic Hydraulics Basic Electrical Basic Controls Mechanical Principles Thermodynamic Principles Basic Computing Core Curriculum Model Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  62. 62. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  63. 63. TSMC Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  64. 64. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  65. 65. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  66. 66. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  67. 67. Modularized curriculum with embedded certificates in flexible schedules aligned with employer demand where student success is defined as job placement, not simply completing a course. MODEL: Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  68. 68. Employers must develop more sophisticated talent pipeline integrations to increase capacity. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  69. 69. Standard Talent Pipeline College Career Quality assurance of new hire is limited. Retention can suffer if bad fit. Time to full productivity delayed. Stronger candidates have been cherry picked. Insufficient volume of candidates. - - - - - Interview Position Full Time Hire Enroll Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  70. 70. Improved Talent Pipeline College Career Full Time Hire InterviewEarly LookAdvisory Cmt. Position Enroll - - - - - Quality assurance of new hire is limited. Retention can suffer if bad fit. Time to full productivity delayed. Stronger candidates have been cherry picked. Insufficient volume of candidates. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  71. 71. Extended Talent Pipeline College Career InternEarly Look Full Time Hire Interview Scholar- ship Enroll Advisory Cmt. - - - - - Position Quality assurance of new hire is limited. Retention can suffer if bad fit. Time to full productivity delayed. Stronger candidates have been cherry picked. Insufficient volume of candidates. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  72. 72. Advanced Talent Pipeline College Career Full Time Hire InterviewCo-OpPositionInternEarly Look Scholar- ship Enroll Advisory Cmt. - - - - - Quality assurance of new hire is limited. Retention can suffer if bad fit. Time to full productivity delayed. Stronger candidates have been cherry picked. Insufficient volume of candidates. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  73. 73. Sponsorship Elements College Career Part Time Employment Candidate Pays Tuition Employment Benefits, etc. Reimbursed Tuition Pay Remaining Tuition 2Year Contract Performance Visits Intern Full TimeHireInterviewCo-OpSponsorPosition Scholar- ship Advisory Cmt. Enroll Stronger candidates have been cherry picked. Insufficient volume of candidates. - - Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  74. 74. Capacity Building Talent Pipeline College Middle School High School SecondaryCollege Career Certs Full TimeHireInterviewCo-OpSponsor Position Scholar- ship Intern Advisory Cmt. CompeteCampsTours Career Explore Interview Dual CreditEnroll Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  75. 75. Aerospace Capacity Pipeline Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  76. 76. Jr. ROTC High School Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  77. 77. College Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  78. 78. Career Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  79. 79. Technical Education is not about keeping students in seats. It’s is about getting people out to of seats and on their feet. Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  80. 80. The Next Phase: SkillsValidation (stay tuned) Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  81. 81. The War on Work The Education Dichotomy The Higher Ed Imbalance Defining Student Success Moving Beyond Degrees Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  82. 82. Source: Gardner, J. "Excellence: Can We Be Equal and Excellent Too?", p. 86 (1961) An excellent plumber is infinitely more admirable than an incompetent philosopher. The society which scorns excellence in plumbing because plumbing is a humble activity and tolerates shoddiness in philosophy because it is an exalted activity will have neither good plumbing nor good philosophy. Neither its pipes nor its theories will hold water. John W. Gardner Wednesday, October 27, 2010
  83. 83. Moving Beyond Degrees:Why Competency is Currency Michael Bettersworth Texas State Technical College michael.bettersworth@systems.tstc.edu October 25, 2010 PERSH Wednesday, October 27, 2010

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