History Of Musical Theatre
Key Points <ul><li>Truly American Art Form-Combining the best of the past </li></ul><ul><li>Musical Theatre Entertains & I...
Background Information <ul><li>Music By = The Person Who Wrote The Instrumental Music </li></ul><ul><li>Lyrics By = The Pe...
Operettas of Gilbert & Sullivan <ul><li>Two British men who were friends </li></ul><ul><li>They wrote formal “Mini” operas...
Format of G&S Operettas <ul><li>Young Lovers Meet & are forbidden to marry </li></ul><ul><li>Someone complicates their rel...
Most Famous G & S Operettas <ul><li>The Pirates of Penzance </li></ul><ul><li>The Mikado </li></ul><ul><li>HMS Pinafore </...
Early American Influences <ul><li>The Mulligan Shows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Mulligan Guard Ball </li></ul></ul><ul><li>...
Victor Herbert <ul><li>American who combined the opera style with the “fun” of the Mulligan shows </li></ul><ul><li>Most f...
<ul><li>He adds “star” power to shows </li></ul><ul><li>Performed with his family </li></ul><ul><li>Most popular person of...
1907 1st Ziegfeld Follies <ul><li>This is a variety show with several different acts. </li></ul><ul><li>New shows periodic...
The Merry Widow <ul><li>Biggest show to date. </li></ul><ul><li>Popular </li></ul><ul><li>An Operetta, which added an impo...
The Girl From Utah <ul><li>Jerome Kern’s first musical </li></ul><ul><li>He is very important to the history & development...
The Princess Theater Shows <ul><li>Jerome Kern’s next shows were in the Princess Theater. </li></ul><ul><li>These were ver...
<ul><li>Very Good Eddie </li></ul><ul><li>Oh, Boy! </li></ul><ul><li>Leave It To Jane </li></ul><ul><li>Oh Lady, Lady!- wh...
<ul><li>Included the song  A Pretty Girl is Like A Melody , a standard and popular song. </li></ul><ul><li>Started to use ...
Oscar Hammerstein II <ul><li>Started as a piano player in the  Follies </li></ul><ul><li>1924, his 1st show called  Rose-M...
Kern & Hammerstein <ul><li>Both want to bring more reality to the theatre </li></ul><ul><li>1925-work together on  Sunny <...
SHOWBOAT <ul><li>Showboat  premiered on December 27, 1927. </li></ul><ul><li>One of a dozen shows to premiere that night. ...
SHOWBOAT ’S IMPORTANCE <ul><li>Music By Jerome Kern </li></ul><ul><li>Book & Lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II </li></ul><ul>...
SHOWBOAT ’s Firsts <ul><li>First musical where the music moved the plot of the play forward. </li></ul><ul><li>First music...
SHOWBOAT ’s Firsts 2 <ul><li>First musical to be a DRAMA; up until that time they were musical-comedies. </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Ol’ Man River </li></ul><ul><li>Bill </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t Help Loving That/Dat Man  </li></ul><ul><li>After The...
<ul><li>A Bit of Backtracking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talking Pictures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul></ul>...
George & Ira Gershwin <ul><li>Brothers dedicated to musical theatre </li></ul><ul><li>Known for their “American” Feel </li...
Porgy & Bess <ul><li>1935-All African-American Opera/Musical Theatre </li></ul><ul><li>Music by George Gershwin </li></ul>...
Porgy & Bess <ul><li>Famous Songs… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I Love You Porgy” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I’ve Got Plenty ...
W P A & Federal Theater <ul><li>Famed for keeping people employed </li></ul><ul><li>The Cradle Will Rock </li></ul><ul><ul...
OKLAHOMA! <ul><li>1943-First musical to use DANCE to move the plot forward. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Dream” Ballet moves th...
Rodgers & Hammerstein Musicals <ul><li>1945 Carousel </li></ul><ul><li>1946 State Fair (MOVIE) </li></ul><ul><li>1949 Sout...
Links For R & H <ul><li>Solioquy </li></ul><ul><li>Some Enchanted Evening </li></ul><ul><li>Shall We Dance </li></ul>
Brigadoon! <ul><li>1947, Music by Alan J. Lerner & Lyrics & Book by Frederick Loewe </li></ul><ul><li>Very Profound and be...
Lerner & Loewe’s  My Fair Lady <ul><li>1956-Very Important the words are meant to be SPOKEN, not sung </li></ul><ul><li>Re...
WEST SIDE STORY <ul><li>Music by Leonard Bernstein </li></ul><ul><li>Concept by Jerome Robbins </li></ul><ul><li>Book by A...
Importance of  West Side Story <ul><li>Socially relevant-dealing with real issues of racism, immigration, teenagers, gangs...
Stephen Sondheim Shows <ul><li>1959-  Gypsy!:  music by Jule Styne, book by Arthur Laurents, lyrics by Sondheim </li></ul>...
Sondheim Shows (2) <ul><li>1975-  Pacific Overtures </li></ul><ul><li>1979-  Sweeney Todd </li></ul><ul><li>1984-  Sunday ...
Three Shows of Importance 60s & 70s <ul><li>Hair - 1968; first in a series of very cultural & social musicals… “pop” </li>...
1971 <ul><li>Jesus Christ Superstar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lyrics b...
The Spectacle Shows <ul><li>BIG….BIG…BIG!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Very Technical </li></ul><ul><li>Very Expensive Sets & Lig...
Other Shows by Andrew Lloyd Webber <ul><li>1987-  Starlight Express </li></ul><ul><li>1988-  The Phantom of the Opera (Lon...
Other Spectacle Shows <ul><li>Les Miserables - 1987 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British Invasion Solidified </li></ul></ul><ul><...
RENT <ul><li>Modern Day Opera based on  La Boheme </li></ul><ul><li>Brought back cutting edge realism into the theater </l...
1996-98 <ul><li>1996- Bring In Da’ Noise, Bring In Da’ Funk - brought tap back to its roots </li></ul><ul><li>1996/7-  Chi...
1998 <ul><li>1998-  Ragtime & The Lion King- powerful and cutting-edge </li></ul><ul><li>1998-  Cabaret!  (revisal)- Chang...
1999 <ul><li>The Focus of 1999 Is A Combination Of Updating The Past…A form of REVISAL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You’re A Good...
The NEW Century <ul><li>The Musicals Of 2000 Are Finding New Life In Putting Together Past & Present </li></ul><ul><li>Con...
Last Year <ul><li>The Musicals Of 2000 Are Finding New Life In Putting Together Past & Present </li></ul><ul><li>Contact <...
2001-2002 <ul><li>Movies & Rock RULE </li></ul><ul><li>- Thoroughly Modern Millie  (TONY) </li></ul><ul><li>- HAIRSPRAY …D...
POST 9/11-TODAY <ul><li>Comedies </li></ul><ul><li>- AVENUE Q, PUTNAM COUNTY, THE DROWSY CHAPERONE </li></ul><ul><li>“ POP...
POST 9/11- TODAY <ul><li>Movies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SPAM-A-LOT    </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIGH FIDELITY  </li></ul>...
Performance Techniques
Performance Technique 2
Review Questions <ul><li>Who is famous for “operettas”? </li></ul><ul><li>Rogers & Hammerstein </li></ul><ul><li>Stephen S...
Review Questions <ul><li>The First Fully Integrated Musical? </li></ul><ul><li>Show Boat </li></ul><ul><li>Oklahoma! </li>...
REVIEW QUESTION <ul><li>The First Rock Opera Is  . </li></ul>The Who’s TOMMY
Review Question <ul><li>All Musical Theatre can be classified into two categories Before    </li></ul><ul><li>and After   ...
REVIEW QUESTION <ul><li>Andrew Lloyd Webber wrote: </li></ul><ul><li>West Side Story </li></ul><ul><li>Cats! </li></ul><ul...
REVIEW QUESTION <ul><li>Stephen Sondheim’s first major musical was writing the lyrics for </li></ul><ul><li>Oklahoma! </li...
REVIEW QUESTION <ul><li>Florenz Ziegfield is known for small minimalistic shows? </li></ul><ul><li>TRUE </li></ul><ul><li>...
REVIEW QUESTION <ul><li>The song “Seasons of Love” is from </li></ul><ul><li>Spring Awakening </li></ul><ul><li>The Lion K...
REVIEW QUESTION <ul><li>Which of the following is NOT a “Juke Box” or “Pop” Musical? </li></ul><ul><li>Hairspray </li></ul...
REVIEW QUESTION <ul><li>Which of the following is NOT based on a movie? </li></ul><ul><li>Hairspray </li></ul><ul><li>Thor...
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Musical Theatre History

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Musical Theatre History

  1. 1. History Of Musical Theatre
  2. 2. Key Points <ul><li>Truly American Art Form-Combining the best of the past </li></ul><ul><li>Musical Theatre Entertains & Informs </li></ul><ul><li>Combines many different forms of Art </li></ul><ul><li>It is a place for music to change </li></ul><ul><li>All musical theatre can be classified into 2 categories-Before & After Showboat </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background Information <ul><li>Music By = The Person Who Wrote The Instrumental Music </li></ul><ul><li>Lyrics By = The Person Who Wrote the Words To The Songs </li></ul><ul><li>Book By = The Person Who Wrote The Script/ Dialogue For The Show </li></ul>
  4. 4. Operettas of Gilbert & Sullivan <ul><li>Two British men who were friends </li></ul><ul><li>They wrote formal “Mini” operas </li></ul><ul><li>All Following a similar theme </li></ul>
  5. 5. Format of G&S Operettas <ul><li>Young Lovers Meet & are forbidden to marry </li></ul><ul><li>Someone complicates their relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Several Comic Characters </li></ul><ul><li>Must have a “Patter” Song </li></ul>
  6. 6. Most Famous G & S Operettas <ul><li>The Pirates of Penzance </li></ul><ul><li>The Mikado </li></ul><ul><li>HMS Pinafore </li></ul>
  7. 7. Early American Influences <ul><li>The Mulligan Shows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Mulligan Guard Ball </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Irish Immigrants struggle to come together </li></ul><ul><li>Always having Fun, although life was poor </li></ul><ul><li>Always a drinking song, to toast friends & family </li></ul>
  8. 8. Victor Herbert <ul><li>American who combined the opera style with the “fun” of the Mulligan shows </li></ul><ul><li>Most famous shows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Babes in Toyland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Streets of New York </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Naughty Marietta </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>He adds “star” power to shows </li></ul><ul><li>Performed with his family </li></ul><ul><li>Most popular person of the early part of the century </li></ul><ul><li>ALWAYS ended with, “My father thanks you, my mother thanks you, my sister thanks you, and I-thank you.” </li></ul>George M. Cohan
  10. 10. 1907 1st Ziegfeld Follies <ul><li>This is a variety show with several different acts. </li></ul><ul><li>New shows periodically, then annually. </li></ul><ul><li>1915-Biggest show ever & fully established his theatrical status. </li></ul><ul><li>His shows made people forget about the horrors of World War I. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Merry Widow <ul><li>Biggest show to date. </li></ul><ul><li>Popular </li></ul><ul><li>An Operetta, which added an important “romantic” dance. </li></ul><ul><li>The song, The Merry Widow Waltz , was played by everyone. Most popular song for the early part of the century. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Girl From Utah <ul><li>Jerome Kern’s first musical </li></ul><ul><li>He is very important to the history & development of theatre. </li></ul><ul><li>He challenges people to try new forms of theatre. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Princess Theater Shows <ul><li>Jerome Kern’s next shows were in the Princess Theater. </li></ul><ul><li>These were very fun, young, and enjoyable. </li></ul><ul><li>Principle characters were in their late teens & early 20s, set around a college. </li></ul><ul><li>Pay tribute to the commedia dell’arte </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 young couples with a fontesca </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Very Good Eddie </li></ul><ul><li>Oh, Boy! </li></ul><ul><li>Leave It To Jane </li></ul><ul><li>Oh Lady, Lady!- which included the song Bill which was used in Showboat </li></ul>Princess Theater Shows
  15. 15. <ul><li>Included the song A Pretty Girl is Like A Melody , a standard and popular song. </li></ul><ul><li>Started to use Big Named Stars!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Marilyn Miller </li></ul><ul><li>Fanny Bryce </li></ul><ul><li>Will Rodgers-who became a leader around the country with his humor & information. </li></ul>Ziegfeld Follies of 1919-20s
  16. 16. Oscar Hammerstein II <ul><li>Started as a piano player in the Follies </li></ul><ul><li>1924, his 1st show called Rose-Marie </li></ul><ul><ul><li>an operetta set in Canada </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very rugged & honest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wants to bring “reality” to the theatre </li></ul><ul><li>1924, Lady Be Good , 2nd show with Ira Gershwin. (“Fascinating Rhythm”-Big Hit) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Kern & Hammerstein <ul><li>Both want to bring more reality to the theatre </li></ul><ul><li>1925-work together on Sunny </li></ul><ul><li>Realized they could work together & be friends. </li></ul><ul><li>1926, both work with others that do not understand their vision </li></ul><ul><li>1927-come together & do Showboat </li></ul>
  18. 18. SHOWBOAT <ul><li>Showboat premiered on December 27, 1927. </li></ul><ul><li>One of a dozen shows to premiere that night. </li></ul><ul><li>One of TWO to remain running the following evening. </li></ul>
  19. 19. SHOWBOAT ’S IMPORTANCE <ul><li>Music By Jerome Kern </li></ul><ul><li>Book & Lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II </li></ul><ul><li>Produced by Florenz Ziegfeld </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the novel by Edna Ferber </li></ul>
  20. 20. SHOWBOAT ’s Firsts <ul><li>First musical where the music moved the plot of the play forward. </li></ul><ul><li>First musical to have depth to the book; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socially Relevant; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses the issue of racism in the plot; which was not allowed before that time; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inter-Racial Couple in a primary role; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African-Americans in major roles. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. SHOWBOAT ’s Firsts 2 <ul><li>First musical to be a DRAMA; up until that time they were musical-comedies. </li></ul><ul><li>First EPIC musical; it is multi-generational with three generations of one family dealing with love. </li></ul><ul><li>First musical to inspire more than 1 movie. </li></ul><ul><li>First musical to be performed by opera companies. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Ol’ Man River </li></ul><ul><li>Bill </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t Help Loving That/Dat Man </li></ul><ul><li>After The Ball -which was a contemporary song that was included into the show to give the production a modern feel. </li></ul>Songs from SHOWBOAT
  23. 23. <ul><li>A Bit of Backtracking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talking Pictures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glitz </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hollywood Musicals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>42 nd Street </li></ul></ul>The 30s (late 20s)
  24. 24. George & Ira Gershwin <ul><li>Brothers dedicated to musical theatre </li></ul><ul><li>Known for their “American” Feel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very Patriotic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revived constantly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lady Be Good </li></ul><ul><li>Oh, Kay! </li></ul><ul><li>Americana </li></ul><ul><li>Of Thee I Sing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GEORGE WHITE’S SCANDALS </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Porgy & Bess <ul><li>1935-All African-American Opera/Musical Theatre </li></ul><ul><li>Music by George Gershwin </li></ul><ul><li>Lyrics by Ira Gershwin & DuBose Heyward </li></ul><ul><li>Book by DuBose Heyward based on his novel, Porgy . </li></ul><ul><li>Incredibly important in breaking down stereotypes. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Porgy & Bess <ul><li>Famous Songs… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I Love You Porgy” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I’ve Got Plenty of Nuttin’” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Summertime” </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. W P A & Federal Theater <ul><li>Famed for keeping people employed </li></ul><ul><li>The Cradle Will Rock </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Too Progressive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moved the show and set the standard of creative expression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>THEN World War II </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leading to the a great change!!!! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. OKLAHOMA! <ul><li>1943-First musical to use DANCE to move the plot forward. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Dream” Ballet moves the show forward. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Based on the novel Green Grows the Lilacs , about the founding of Oklahoma. </li></ul><ul><li>Music by Richard Rodgers </li></ul><ul><li>Lyrics & Book by Oscar Hammerstein </li></ul>
  29. 29. Rodgers & Hammerstein Musicals <ul><li>1945 Carousel </li></ul><ul><li>1946 State Fair (MOVIE) </li></ul><ul><li>1949 South Pacific -Deals with World War II & Racism </li></ul><ul><li>1951 The King & I </li></ul><ul><li>1958 Flower Drum Song </li></ul><ul><li>1959 The Sound of Music </li></ul>
  30. 30. Links For R & H <ul><li>Solioquy </li></ul><ul><li>Some Enchanted Evening </li></ul><ul><li>Shall We Dance </li></ul>
  31. 31. Brigadoon! <ul><li>1947, Music by Alan J. Lerner & Lyrics & Book by Frederick Loewe </li></ul><ul><li>Very Profound and beloved artists. </li></ul><ul><li>1951- Paint Your Wagon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clint Eastwood sings in the movie HA! </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Lerner & Loewe’s My Fair Lady <ul><li>1956-Very Important the words are meant to be SPOKEN, not sung </li></ul><ul><li>Rex Harrison could not sing </li></ul><ul><li>This led later to Rap Music, early rap artists recount hearing this album when they were kids. </li></ul><ul><li>Julie Andrews’ First Show! </li></ul>
  33. 33. WEST SIDE STORY <ul><li>Music by Leonard Bernstein </li></ul><ul><li>Concept by Jerome Robbins </li></ul><ul><li>Book by Arthur Laurents </li></ul><ul><li>Lyrics by Stephen Sondheim </li></ul><ul><li>A modern day Romeo & Juliet </li></ul><ul><li>Directed & Choreographed by Jerome Robbins </li></ul>
  34. 34. Importance of West Side Story <ul><li>Socially relevant-dealing with real issues of racism, immigration, teenagers, gangs </li></ul><ul><li>Very daring for theatre </li></ul><ul><li>Parents called for the closing of the show and the theaters </li></ul><ul><li>Now Others can take risks of the show </li></ul><ul><li>First show with Stephen Sondheim </li></ul>
  35. 35. Stephen Sondheim Shows <ul><li>1959- Gypsy!: music by Jule Styne, book by Arthur Laurents, lyrics by Sondheim </li></ul><ul><li>1963- A Funny Thing Happened On The Way To The Forum -music & lyrics </li></ul><ul><li>1970- Company </li></ul><ul><li>1971- Follies </li></ul><ul><li>1973- A Little Night Music </li></ul>
  36. 36. Sondheim Shows (2) <ul><li>1975- Pacific Overtures </li></ul><ul><li>1979- Sweeney Todd </li></ul><ul><li>1984- Sunday In The Park With George </li></ul><ul><li>1987- Into The Woods </li></ul><ul><li>1990- Assassins </li></ul><ul><li>1994- Passion </li></ul><ul><li>1996- Getting Away With Murder (play) </li></ul><ul><li>2001- Bounce </li></ul>
  37. 37. Three Shows of Importance 60s & 70s <ul><li>Hair - 1968; first in a series of very cultural & social musicals… “pop” </li></ul><ul><li>The Who’s Tommy- 1969; just an album…Becomes a Broadway show in 1991…HOWEVER- it is the 1 st Rock Opera </li></ul><ul><li>A Chorus Line - 1975 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music by Marvin Hammlisch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lyrics by Edward Kleban </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3 rd Longest Running Show in Broadway history </li></ul>
  38. 38. 1971 <ul><li>Jesus Christ Superstar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lyrics by Tim Rice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Started as a concept album & grew into a major performance and cultural aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Very avant-garde & minimilistic </li></ul><ul><li>“ Rock” Opera- all sung </li></ul><ul><li>1979- Evita! </li></ul>
  39. 39. The Spectacle Shows <ul><li>BIG….BIG…BIG!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Very Technical </li></ul><ul><li>Very Expensive Sets & Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Large Casts </li></ul><ul><li>Special Effects Heavy </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired from the British </li></ul><ul><li>Cats in 1982 is the 2nd-longest running show </li></ul>
  40. 40. Other Shows by Andrew Lloyd Webber <ul><li>1987- Starlight Express </li></ul><ul><li>1988- The Phantom of the Opera (Longest running show on Broadway) </li></ul><ul><li>1990- Aspects of Love </li></ul><ul><li>1992- Joseph & the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat (revivial) </li></ul><ul><li>1994- Sunset Boulevard </li></ul><ul><li>1998- Whistle Down The Wind </li></ul><ul><li>2005- The Woman In White </li></ul>
  41. 41. Other Spectacle Shows <ul><li>Les Miserables - 1987 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British Invasion Solidified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Epic; Based on the classic novel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Miss Saigon- 1990 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vietnam story </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Big shows still in effect, but drop in sales </li></ul><ul><li>Revivals rule the 90s, until 1996… </li></ul>
  42. 42. RENT <ul><li>Modern Day Opera based on La Boheme </li></ul><ul><li>Brought back cutting edge realism into the theater </li></ul><ul><li>Very Minimalistic- low key </li></ul><ul><li>The story & characters moved the show, not the special effects </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed others to TAKE RISKS! </li></ul>
  43. 43. 1996-98 <ul><li>1996- Bring In Da’ Noise, Bring In Da’ Funk - brought tap back to its roots </li></ul><ul><li>1996/7- Chicago (revival)- small & minimalistic </li></ul><ul><li>1997 - Titanic -big & grand, but with small elements </li></ul>
  44. 44. 1998 <ul><li>1998- Ragtime & The Lion King- powerful and cutting-edge </li></ul><ul><li>1998- Cabaret! (revisal)- Change in the classic show; the future? </li></ul>
  45. 45. 1999 <ul><li>The Focus of 1999 Is A Combination Of Updating The Past…A form of REVISAL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You’re A Good Man Charlie Brown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fosse (Tony Award Winner) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kiss Me Kate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annie Get Your Gun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Music Man </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. The NEW Century <ul><li>The Musicals Of 2000 Are Finding New Life In Putting Together Past & Present </li></ul><ul><li>Contact - dance show…TONY </li></ul><ul><li>The Wild Party- 2 versions </li></ul><ul><li>The Suessical (flop) </li></ul>
  47. 47. Last Year <ul><li>The Musicals Of 2000 Are Finding New Life In Putting Together Past & Present </li></ul><ul><li>Contact </li></ul><ul><li>The Wild Party </li></ul><ul><li>The Suessical </li></ul>
  48. 48. 2001-2002 <ul><li>Movies & Rock RULE </li></ul><ul><li>- Thoroughly Modern Millie (TONY) </li></ul><ul><li>- HAIRSPRAY …Destined to be a classic(TONY) </li></ul><ul><li>ROCK- - MAMMA MIA (ABBA) </li></ul><ul><li>- MOVIN’ OUT (Billy Joel) </li></ul>
  49. 49. POST 9/11-TODAY <ul><li>Comedies </li></ul><ul><li>- AVENUE Q, PUTNAM COUNTY, THE DROWSY CHAPERONE </li></ul><ul><li>“ POP-Sicals” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMAGINE  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JERSEY BOYS  </li></ul></ul>
  50. 50. POST 9/11- TODAY <ul><li>Movies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SPAM-A-LOT  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIGH FIDELITY  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Revivals </li></ul><ul><li>- LITTLE SHOP OF HORRORS  </li></ul><ul><li>- THE PAJAMA GAME  </li></ul><ul><li>REVISALS- SWEENEY TODD & COMPANY </li></ul><ul><li>Changes: Grey Gardens & Spring Awakening </li></ul>
  51. 51. Performance Techniques
  52. 52. Performance Technique 2
  53. 53. Review Questions <ul><li>Who is famous for “operettas”? </li></ul><ul><li>Rogers & Hammerstein </li></ul><ul><li>Stephen Sondheim </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Lloyd Webber </li></ul><ul><li>Gilbert & Sullivan </li></ul>
  54. 54. Review Questions <ul><li>The First Fully Integrated Musical? </li></ul><ul><li>Show Boat </li></ul><ul><li>Oklahoma! </li></ul><ul><li>West Side Story </li></ul><ul><li>Rent </li></ul>
  55. 55. REVIEW QUESTION <ul><li>The First Rock Opera Is . </li></ul>The Who’s TOMMY
  56. 56. Review Question <ul><li>All Musical Theatre can be classified into two categories Before </li></ul><ul><li>and After . </li></ul>Show Boat Show Boat
  57. 57. REVIEW QUESTION <ul><li>Andrew Lloyd Webber wrote: </li></ul><ul><li>West Side Story </li></ul><ul><li>Cats! </li></ul><ul><li>The Phantom of The Opera </li></ul><ul><li>A & C </li></ul><ul><li>B & C </li></ul>
  58. 58. REVIEW QUESTION <ul><li>Stephen Sondheim’s first major musical was writing the lyrics for </li></ul><ul><li>Oklahoma! </li></ul><ul><li>Into The Woods </li></ul><ul><li>West Side Story </li></ul><ul><li>Passion! </li></ul>
  59. 59. REVIEW QUESTION <ul><li>Florenz Ziegfield is known for small minimalistic shows? </li></ul><ul><li>TRUE </li></ul><ul><li>FALSE </li></ul>
  60. 60. REVIEW QUESTION <ul><li>The song “Seasons of Love” is from </li></ul><ul><li>Spring Awakening </li></ul><ul><li>The Lion King </li></ul><ul><li>Rent! </li></ul><ul><li>The Phantom of the Opera </li></ul>
  61. 61. REVIEW QUESTION <ul><li>Which of the following is NOT a “Juke Box” or “Pop” Musical? </li></ul><ul><li>Hairspray </li></ul><ul><li>Jersey Boys </li></ul><ul><li>Mama Mia </li></ul><ul><li>We Will Rock You </li></ul>
  62. 62. REVIEW QUESTION <ul><li>Which of the following is NOT based on a movie? </li></ul><ul><li>Hairspray </li></ul><ul><li>Thoroughly Modern Millie </li></ul><ul><li>Titanic </li></ul><ul><li>Spam-A-Lot </li></ul>
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