Bashyam Spiro LLP Priority Dates And How It Impacts Residency Applications

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Do you understand what your attorney means when he/she says that your priority date is not ‘current?’ What about when they discuss the Department of State Visa Bulletin, Visa cut-off dates, and employment and family-based preference categories?

Immigration law is very complicated, as are the terms often used to describe important aspects of the immigration process.

In this informative presentation, Bashyam Spiro attorneys will explain both priority dates and visa availability, and how those terms can impact how long your permanent residency case will take.

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Bashyam Spiro LLP Priority Dates And How It Impacts Residency Applications

  1. 1. <ul><li>What is a Priority Date and How Does it Impact Your Permanent Residency Application? </li></ul><ul><li>May 26, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Murali Bashyam and Ame Coats </li></ul><ul><li>Bashyam Spiro LLP </li></ul><ul><li>www.bashyamspiro.com </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><ul><li>Please note: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This Internet seminar is intended solely to provide information to the public. Nothing in this webinar should be taken as legal advice or legal opinion for any individual case or situation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The information is offered for general information and educational purposes only. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The participation in this webinar does not create an attorney-client relationship. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>TODAY’S OBJECTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>THE PRIORITY DATE </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT IS IT? </li></ul><ul><li>FAMILY-BASED CASES </li></ul><ul><li>EMPLOYMENT-BASED CASES </li></ul><ul><li>RECAPTURING A PRIORITY DATE </li></ul><ul><li>FINDING YOUR PRIORITY DATE </li></ul><ul><li>PER COUNTRY LIMITS </li></ul><ul><li>BY THE NUMBERS (FAMILY AND EMPLOYMENT CATEGORIES) </li></ul><ul><li>HOW DOES IT WORK? </li></ul><ul><li>HOW IT IMPACTS YOUR GREEN CARD APPLICATION </li></ul><ul><li>OVERVIEW </li></ul><ul><li>VISA BULLETIN </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES </li></ul><ul><li>TERMS THAT IMPACT YOUR CASE </li></ul><ul><li>YOU NEVER KNOW! </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>THE PRIORITY DATE </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT IS A PRIORITY DATE? </li></ul><ul><li>FAMILY-BASED CASES </li></ul><ul><li>EMPLOYMENT-BASED CASES </li></ul><ul><li>RECAPTURING A PRIORITY DATE </li></ul><ul><li>FINDING YOUR PRIORITY DATE </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>What is a Priority Date? </li></ul><ul><li>Determines an Individual’s Place in Line in the Visa Queue </li></ul><ul><li>When Priority Date Becomes ‘Current’, Eligible to Apply for Immigrant Visa (a.k.a I-485 AOS or Consular Processing) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Priority Dates for Family Sponsored Cases </li></ul><ul><li>Date Petition is Properly Filed w/USCIS </li></ul><ul><li>Example : I-130 filed May 26, 2010 = That’s the Priority Date! </li></ul><ul><li>What Does Properly Filed Mean? </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Priority Dates for Employment Cases </li></ul><ul><li>The Priority Date is Either : </li></ul><ul><li>The Date the Petition was Properly Filed with USCIS, or </li></ul><ul><li>The Date the Labor Certification Application was Accepted for Processing by the Department of Labor </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Recapturing a Priority Date </li></ul><ul><li>If I-140 Approved in EB1, EB2, or EB3, Can Transfer Priority Date to New Case </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot Transfer to EB4 or EB5 Cases </li></ul><ul><li>What if USCIS Revokes Approved I-140? </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Finding Your Priority Date </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>PER COUNTRY LIMITS </li></ul><ul><li>BY THE NUMBERS (FAMILY AND EMPLOYMENT CATEGORIES) </li></ul><ul><li>HOW DOES IT WORK? </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>By The Numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Employment–Based: 140,000 per year </li></ul><ul><li>Family-Based: 226,000 per year </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>HOW DOES IT WORK? </li></ul><ul><li>Total Number of Employment-Based (EB) Numbers Allocated as Follows: </li></ul><ul><li>EB-1 = 140,000 * 28.6% = 40,000 </li></ul><ul><li>EB-2 = 140,000 * 28.6 = 40,000 </li></ul><ul><li>EB-3 = 140,000 * 28.6 = 40,000 </li></ul><ul><li>EB-4 = 140,000 * 7.1% = 10,000 </li></ul><ul><li>EB-5 = 140,000 * 7.1% = 10,000 </li></ul><ul><li>140,000 Visas are Divided Between all Five EB Categories </li></ul><ul><li>Now it’s Time to Allocate Them for Each Country! </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>How Does It Work, Cont’d </li></ul><ul><li>There is a Per Country Cap in Each EB Category of 7% </li></ul><ul><li>EB-1 = 40,000 *7% = 2800 + unused EB-4 and EB-5 </li></ul><ul><li>EB-2 = 40,000 * 7% = 2800 + unused EB-1 </li></ul><ul><li>EB-3 = 40,000 * 7% = 2800 + unused EB-2 </li></ul><ul><li>EB-4 = 10,000 * 7% =700 </li></ul><ul><li>EB-5 = 10,000 * 7% = 700 </li></ul><ul><li>Total = 9800 Per Country, Per Year </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>How Does It Work, Cont’d </li></ul><ul><li>For Family-Sponsored Preferences (226,000 Total): </li></ul><ul><li>First: Unmarried Sons/Daughters of USCs – 23,400 </li></ul><ul><li>Second: Spouses/Children, Unmarried Sons/Daughters of LPRs – 114,200 </li></ul><ul><li>Third: Married Sons/Daughters of USCs – 23,400 </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth: Brothers/Sisters of USCs – 65,000 </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>USCIS I-485 INVENTORY REPORT (as of 12/2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Pending I-485 Applications for Nationals of India: </li></ul><ul><li>EB-1 = 718 (2800 Available Per Year) </li></ul><ul><li>EB-2 = 47,728 (2800 Available Per Year) </li></ul><ul><li>EB-3 = 62,607 (2800 Available Per Year) </li></ul><ul><li>EB-4 = 123 (700 Available Per Year) </li></ul><ul><li>EB-5 = 13 (700 Available Per Year) </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison : Philippines has 510 Cases Pending in EB-2 </li></ul><ul><li>That’s How a Country Becomes Oversubscribed! </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>HOW DO PRIORITY DATES/PER COUNTRY LIMITS IMPACT YOUR GREEN CARD APPLICATION </li></ul><ul><li>OVERVIEW </li></ul><ul><li>VISA BULLETIN </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES </li></ul><ul><li>TERMS THAT IMPACT YOUR CASE </li></ul><ul><li>YOU NEVER KNOW! </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>OVERVIEW </li></ul><ul><li>How Long You Wait for a Visa Depends on: </li></ul><ul><li>Your Priority Date </li></ul><ul><li>Your Preference Category </li></ul><ul><li>The Country Your Visa Will Be Charged To (Usually Country of Birth) </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>June 2010 Visa Bulletin </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Bulletin Available at State Department Web Site: </li></ul><ul><li>http://travel.state.gov/visa/bulletin/bulletin_1360.html </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>CONT… </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Bulletin Available at State Department Web Site: </li></ul><ul><li>http://travel.state.gov/visa/bulletin/bulletin_4879.html </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>EXAMPLES </li></ul><ul><li>Employment-Based : Employee is an Indian National. Employer filed PERM Labor Certification for E’ee on March 2008. The E’ees I-140 Petition Has Been Approved. What’s Next? </li></ul><ul><li>Family-Based: Mother is a U.S. Citizen. She Wants to Sponsor her 25 Year-Old Son who is a Chinese National. The Mother files an I-130 Petition for Him on June 10, 2006. What’s Next? </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>TERMS THAT IMPACT YOUR CASE </li></ul><ul><li>CURRENT – Good! </li></ul><ul><li>UNAVAILABLE – Bad! </li></ul><ul><li>RETROGRESSION – Darn It! </li></ul><ul><li>CROSS-CHARGEABILITY – Don’t Forget It! </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>YOU NEVER KNOW! </li></ul><ul><li>Jump Forward, Jump Backward, Stay The Same </li></ul><ul><li>The 2007 Surprise </li></ul><ul><li>From a USCIS Q/A: </li></ul><ul><li>Q: Can you tell me when I will get a visa? </li></ul><ul><li>A: Unfortunately, we cannot determine how long it will take for you to get a visa.  </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Forrest Gump: “Life is Like a Box of Chocolates, You Never Know What You’re Going to Get” = Patience is a Virtue </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>QUESTIONS? </li></ul><ul><li>Please Type Your Question into the Chat Box on the Webinar Panel… </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>THANK YOU! </li></ul><ul><li>Join Us for Our Next Webinar on H-1B RFEs on the ‘Right to Control’ Issue - Wednesday, June 9, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Murali Bashyam – [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Ame Coats – [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Call us at: 919-833-0840 </li></ul>

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