The ABCs of Business Immigration in the Global Economy Murali Bashyam, Esq.   www.bashyamspiro.com
From The Beginning… <ul><li>Evaluating Candidates </li></ul><ul><li>Is the applicant authorized to work in U.S. for any em...
Overview of Immigration <ul><li>Nonimmigrant Visas (H1B, TN, L1, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrant Visas (“Green Cards”) <...
Immigrant Visas <ul><li>EB1 – Managers/Executives; Outstanding Researchers; Extraordinary Ability </li></ul><ul><li>EB2 – ...
EB2/EB3 Process <ul><li>Three Step Process </li></ul><ul><li>PERM Labor Certification </li></ul><ul><li>I-140 </li></ul><u...
Nonimmigrant Business Visas <ul><li>H1B – Professional Workers </li></ul><ul><li>L1 – Intracompany Transfers </li></ul><ul...
H1B Professional Work Visa <ul><li>Used by companies to sponsor </li></ul><ul><li>professional workers in a ‘specialty occ...
Requirements for H1B Visa <ul><li>Job requires the minimum of Bachelor’s degree or equivalent  </li></ul><ul><li>Potential...
Process of Obtaining H1B <ul><li>Formal Job Offer </li></ul><ul><li>Assess Prevailing Wage </li></ul><ul><li>Labor Conditi...
Limitations on H1B <ul><li>Capped at 65,000 Per Fiscal Year </li></ul><ul><li>20,000 Additional for U.S. Advanced Degree <...
Exempt from H1B Cap <ul><li>Non-profit and Governmental Research Organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions of higher ed...
Rolling With The Punches! <ul><li>Regular H1B Numbers Exhausted In One Day! </li></ul><ul><li>What Other Options Do You Ha...
L1 – Intracompany Transfers <ul><li>Classification </li></ul><ul><li>L1A – Managers/Executives </li></ul><ul><li>L1B – Spe...
TN NAFTA Visa <ul><li>Canada and Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Must Be One of Listed NAFTA Professions </li></ul><ul><li>Valid ...
E Visa – Treaty Traders/Investors <ul><li>Classifications: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manag...
O Visa – Extraordinary Ability <ul><li>Field Must Be Sciences, Arts, Business, Education or Athletics </li></ul><ul><li>St...
B1 Business Visitor Visa <ul><li>Used for Temporary Business Visits </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Conferences, Meetings, etc...
H-3 Trainees & J1 Exchange Programs <ul><li>H3:  Employer may sponsor directly </li></ul><ul><li>J1:  Must participate in ...
Hot Topics <ul><li>Comprehensive Immigration Reform/SKIL Bill </li></ul><ul><li>Employer Compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Visa...
<ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul><ul><li>Bashyam & Spiro, LLP </li></ul><ul><li>Tel: 919-833-0840 </li></ul><ul><li>www.bashyam...
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Bashyam Spiro LLP - The ABCs Of Business Immigration

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Transcript of "Bashyam Spiro LLP - The ABCs Of Business Immigration"

  1. 1. The ABCs of Business Immigration in the Global Economy Murali Bashyam, Esq. www.bashyamspiro.com
  2. 2. From The Beginning… <ul><li>Evaluating Candidates </li></ul><ul><li>Is the applicant authorized to work in U.S. for any employer? </li></ul><ul><li>If yes, visa sponsorship not required </li></ul><ul><li>If no, does applicant require sponsorship? </li></ul><ul><li>If applicant requires sponsorship, what are the options? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Overview of Immigration <ul><li>Nonimmigrant Visas (H1B, TN, L1, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrant Visas (“Green Cards”) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Immigrant Visas <ul><li>EB1 – Managers/Executives; Outstanding Researchers; Extraordinary Ability </li></ul><ul><li>EB2 – Advanced Degree or Exceptional Ability (NIW) </li></ul><ul><li>EB3 – Professionals or Skilled Workers </li></ul>
  5. 5. EB2/EB3 Process <ul><li>Three Step Process </li></ul><ul><li>PERM Labor Certification </li></ul><ul><li>I-140 </li></ul><ul><li>I-485/Consular Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Visa Bulletin/Retrogression </li></ul>
  6. 6. Nonimmigrant Business Visas <ul><li>H1B – Professional Workers </li></ul><ul><li>L1 – Intracompany Transfers </li></ul><ul><li>TN – NAFTA (Canada, Mexico) </li></ul><ul><li>E – Treaty Trader/Investor </li></ul><ul><li>O1 – Extraordinary Ability </li></ul><ul><li>H3 – Trainee </li></ul><ul><li>J – Exchange Program </li></ul><ul><li>B1 – Business Visitor </li></ul>
  7. 7. H1B Professional Work Visa <ul><li>Used by companies to sponsor </li></ul><ul><li>professional workers in a ‘specialty occupation’ </li></ul>
  8. 8. Requirements for H1B Visa <ul><li>Job requires the minimum of Bachelor’s degree or equivalent </li></ul><ul><li>Potential hire has Bachelor’s degree or equivalent in field related to job </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Engineers, Information Technology Professionals, Researchers, Scientists, Market Researchers etc. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Process of Obtaining H1B <ul><li>Formal Job Offer </li></ul><ul><li>Assess Prevailing Wage </li></ul><ul><li>Labor Condition Application </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Posting </li></ul><ul><li>Filing I-129 Petition with USCIS </li></ul><ul><li>Processing Times </li></ul>
  10. 10. Limitations on H1B <ul><li>Capped at 65,000 Per Fiscal Year </li></ul><ul><li>20,000 Additional for U.S. Advanced Degree </li></ul><ul><li>Fiscal Year = October 1 to September 30 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Exempt from H1B Cap <ul><li>Non-profit and Governmental Research Organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions of higher education – ie. Colleges and Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations affiliated with Colleges and Universities </li></ul><ul><li>People currently holding H1B status if not working for exempt organization </li></ul><ul><li>Certain people who have previously held H1B status </li></ul>
  12. 12. Rolling With The Punches! <ul><li>Regular H1B Numbers Exhausted In One Day! </li></ul><ul><li>What Other Options Do You Have? </li></ul>
  13. 13. L1 – Intracompany Transfers <ul><li>Classification </li></ul><ul><li>L1A – Managers/Executives </li></ul><ul><li>L1B – Specialized Knowledge Personnel </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. and Foreign Company – Parent, Subsidiary, Affiliate, Joint Venture </li></ul><ul><li>One Year Foreign Employment Requirement </li></ul>
  14. 14. TN NAFTA Visa <ul><li>Canada and Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Must Be One of Listed NAFTA Professions </li></ul><ul><li>Valid for 1 Year - Renewable </li></ul>
  15. 15. E Visa – Treaty Traders/Investors <ul><li>Classifications: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managers/Executive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Essential Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qualifying Treaty Exists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applicant is from country that has qualifying Treaty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t Forget E-3s from Australia! </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. O Visa – Extraordinary Ability <ul><li>Field Must Be Sciences, Arts, Business, Education or Athletics </li></ul><ul><li>Standards High But Not Insurmountable </li></ul><ul><li>Corresponding Permanent Residence Category </li></ul>
  17. 17. B1 Business Visitor Visa <ul><li>Used for Temporary Business Visits </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Conferences, Meetings, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>B1 in Lieu of H1 and H3 </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot Work! </li></ul>
  18. 18. H-3 Trainees & J1 Exchange Programs <ul><li>H3: Employer may sponsor directly </li></ul><ul><li>J1: Must participate in pre-approved J1 program </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary programs – candidate must return home to use training </li></ul>
  19. 19. Hot Topics <ul><li>Comprehensive Immigration Reform/SKIL Bill </li></ul><ul><li>Employer Compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Visa Bulletin Fiasco </li></ul><ul><li>Outsourcing – Do it! </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul><ul><li>Bashyam & Spiro, LLP </li></ul><ul><li>Tel: 919-833-0840 </li></ul><ul><li>www.bashyamspiro.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.immigrationcounsel.com </li></ul>
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