Romans Theaters Dougga’s theatre And the perfomance Arnald M. Laura C. 2nd term 2009/2010
The history of the theatres
The first Roman theatres were made from wood and they could be dismantled but Romans learned to do the theatres like Greeks.
The new theatres were made from stone. When they did the new theatres they improved Greek design because if Greeks need a mountain to make the theatres they invented a system of columns and they didn’t need the mountain.
They made a scanae* taller so the theatre was closed.
Scanae: fondo d’ecenari i magatzem
Orchestra: lloc on cantava i ballava el coro
The history of the theatres The orchestra* was a semicircle and now the most important people sat in it.
The Dougga’s Theatre
The Dougga ‘s theatre is in Dougga’s archaeological deposit in Tunis.
It was constructed between 168 and 169. This theatre could receive 3.500 spectators.
It was constructed at the cost of Publio Marcius Quadratus.
It consists of a cavea (19 steps in three plants (floors) divided by steps of traffic), orchestrates a and a scene (stage).
Nowadays it is made serve still as theatre and some classic pieces are represented, during Dougga's festival.
Dougga’s in Tunis, Northen Africa. It’s the name of a city too.
Why was it important?
Because people could have fun.
Because it was popular to the point the imperator Neron performance.
Because it was the most cultural thing in the moment.
Others theatres The Merida’s Theatre The Sabratha’s Theatre
Others Theatres The Timgad’s Theatre Orange’s Theatre
The th ea tre was the place were the ancient Romans performed their plays .
The plays could be comedies or tragedies.
Actors wore different clothes if they performed a comedy or a tragedy.
Roman comedy was an imitation of Greek comedy. They always finished well. Usually there was a love problem during the play. In the comedies there were always the same characters.
Comedy authors not only traduced but they contaminae* too.
Contaminae: l’acció de afegir alguna escena i fins i tot algun personatge a les representaciónesceniques .
All the comedies succeeded in Greece so all the characters had funny Greek names. The actors wore the typical tunic and they put on shoes called soccus.
One big difference between Latin comedy and Greek comedy is the music. In Greek comedies there wasn’t music in Latin comedies there was a lot.
Tragedies weren’t as popular as comedies to the point that the latest comedies were only to read. One authors of this latest comedies were written by Seneca.
Tragedies were a little “plagrize” from Greeks but not as plagrize as comedies .
The tragedies could be:
Tragedies inspired in Athens tragedies
Or a part of the history of Rome. In this case the tragedy was 100% Latin but the structure was like Greek tragedies