Intrinsic Leadership For Good Governance


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This presentation was made to the Managers and Heads at INTAN (National Institute of Public Administration), Sarawak Region in Kuching (December 17, 2009)

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Intrinsic Leadership For Good Governance

  2. 2. OUTCOMES To provide an understanding of what “INTRINSIC LEADERSHIP” (IL) means and how it is different from other types of leadership; To create an awareness of your leadership roles & how as a LEADER you can promote GOOD GOVERNANCE (GG); and To highlight the “IL” values from various spiritual schools for promoting GG.
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Leadership is your ABILITY to inspire and transform your people to achieve goals in a given situation. Leadership theories have evolved over many centuries. “IL” concerns with leadership of your “SELF” and includes your SELF AWARENESS and SELF REALIZATION before you LEAD others (a dimension of EI).
  4. 4. WHY IL & GG? Most leadership development programs focuses on leadership as a “PROCESS” but less on “LEADER” development. In leadership, the leader is the most important as the captain who creates a VISION and sets the DIRECTION for the ship. Napoleon Bonaparte once said that he would prefer to have an army of rabbits led by a lion rather than a army of lion led a rabbit.
  5. 5. WHY IL & GG? We have many “managers” but few “leaders” – LEADERSHIP GAP exits today – (Centre for Creative Leadership) “IL” for GG is a great concern at national & international level due to several recent corporate scandals. “IL” for GG is also getting more important due to many leadership failures – attributed to LEADER’S FAILURE resulting bad GOVERNANCE.
  6. 6. GOVERNANCE The concept of "governance" is not new, it is as old as human civilization. “Governance" is the process of decision- making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented). Governance can be used in several contexts such as corporate governance, international governance, national governance, local governance and “SELF GOVERNANCE" which is related to “IL”.
  7. 7. DEVELOPING “IL” VALUES “IL” is essential for GG. “IL” calls for leaders to be aware & realize the inherent spiritual nature within them. “IL” should be based on positive human values such as truthfulness, honesty, ethical conduct, humility, inner peace, love and non-violence, character development and integrity of LEADERS (SI & SQ elements in LEADERSHIP WISDOM).
  8. 8. Spirit Body Spiritual Physical Intelligence Intelligence SQ PQ Self Emotional Intellectual Intelligence Intelligence EQ IQ Heart Head Leadership Wisdom
  9. 9. “IL” VALUES - BUDDHISM “Him (LEADER) I call a learned, who has truth and love for all life; who never asks what life can give, but only what he can give to life; who is never angry… and is free from the chain of fear and who has the power of love that no army can defeat”.
  10. 10. “IL” VALUES – CHRISTIANITY “The truth shall make you free; blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness; and you must love your neighbor just as much as you love yourself”. The ability to love ourselves is the foundation of loving others.
  11. 11. “IL” VALUES - ISLAM “Speak the truth; perform what you promise; keep your heart free from malice towards anyone; and no one eats better food than that which he eats out of his work”. Insanul Kamil: the model for LEADER’s to consciously strives to be fair, honest, temperate, patient, courageous and just in their dealings with traits of trustworthiness (Case example: Caliph Umar Abdul Aziz & Candle).
  12. 12. “IL” VALUES - VEDANTA “Be sincere and truthful; follow the right conduct; give freely and control your senses; be loving, and show goodwill to all living entities; and may you (LEADER) create happiness & peace throughout the world”. Sthitaprajna: LEADERS must conquer their enemies within - lust, anger, greed, arrogance, envy and pride.
  13. 13. “IL” VALUES – CONFUCIANISM “The superior man (LEADER) cares about virtue; the inferior man cares about material things”. “To govern is to set things correct. If you (LEADER) set an example by being correct, who would dare to remain incorrect?” If a ruler himself is upright, all will go well without orders. But if he himself is not upright, even though he gives orders they will not be obeyed”.
  14. 14. “IL” DEVELOPMENT & POWER Application on the “IL” values (spiritual) will develop the leader's INTEGRITY & the ABILITY to use their referent & expert power – not just reward, coercive & legitimate power.
  15. 15. “IL” & INTEGRITY INTEGRITY is your honesty and consistency of character – your ability to walk your talk and talk your walk. It is LEADERSHIP IN ACTION & LEADERSHIP BY EXAMPLE - “A man of words and not of deeds is like a garden full of weeds”.
  16. 16. “IL” & INTEGRITY “Remember your LEADERS, those who spoke to you …... Consider the outcome of their (LEADERS) way of life, and imitate their faith” (Hebrew, 13:7). “Whatever action a LEADER performs, common men follow. And whatever standards the LEADERS sets by their exemplary acts, all the world pursues” (B.Gita, 3:21).
  17. 17. LEADERSHIP INTEGRITY Confucius proposed a ‘golden rule’ of caring: “Do not do to others what you would not have them to do to you”. Jesus spoke similarly: “Do to others what you would have them do to you”. Therefore, leadership decision should be focused on doing good for people in general.
  18. 18. LEADERSHIP INTEGRITY As a LEADER, if you have integrity you will gain a good image, a good reputation and people will TRUST and have CONFIDENCE in you. For a management system to work well, Integrity and good governance must be it’s foundation. (ie. Led by LEADERS of INTEGRITY).
  19. 19. INTEGRITY – Where are we? 56th position (2009) in the world, with a Corruption Perception Index (CPI) of 4.5 points (out of 10) Last year (2008), we were placed 47 with a CPI score of 5.1. Source: ices/cpi/2009/cpi_2009_table
  20. 20. SOURCE OF ALL EVILS ? “ The source of all evils in any society is the leadership……. If the leadership is corrupt, the corruption will spread all over the place. If the leadership is not corrupt, then it can tackle corruption” (Late Prof Datuk Dr Syed Hussein Alatas – Sociologist) . The lust or desire of the leaders, compels them to commit such unethical practices is the root cause of bad governance. “As the fire is covered by smoke, as the mirror is covered by dust, or as the embryo is covered by the womb, the leaders are covered by different degrees of lust or desires” (B. Gita, 3.38).
  21. 21. BUDDHA’S ADVICE If an important LEADER neglects his duties, works for his own profit or accepts bribes, it will cause a rapid decay of public morals. People will cheat one another … take advantage of the poor, and there will be no justice for anyone.
  22. 22. LEADERSHIP ROLES Anyone who takes up a leadership position must from the very beginning curb this great lust by regulating their senses (B.Gita: 3.41). Leaders must elevate themselves by their own mind. For one who has conquered the mind the mind is the best of friends, but for one who has failed to control their mind, the mind will be the greatest enemy (B.Gita, 6.6).
  23. 23. LEADERSHIP OF MIND – THE CHARIOT MODEL In the chariot of the body, the five horses represent the five senses (tongue, eyes, ears, nose and skin). The reins, the driving instrument, symbolize the mind, the driver is the intelligence, and the passenger is the self. Leaders should be aware of their consciousness and use their intelligence to control the mind, they should not let the mind to be controlled by the senses.
  24. 24. YOUR ROLE…….. YOU are all LEADERS……… Therefore, must show the best example.
  25. 25. THIS MEANS…… YOU (all of us) must be TRUE to Your SELF Your FAMILY Your ORGANIZATION Your COUNTRY
  26. 26. THIS MEANS…… (CHANGE) “God will not change the fate of a people until they change what is in themselves.” (Quran, 13.11). YOU, as leaders are the principal AGENTS of CHANGE. SINCE OUR BEHAVIOUR IS THE SHADOW OF OUR ESSENCE; ALL ATTEMPTS TO CHANGE THE DIRECTION OF THE SHADOW ARE CONSIDERED ILLUSIONARY.
  27. 27. THE KEY QUESTION Finally, How do I CHANGE? “Everybody wants to change the world, but no one thinks of changing himself” - Leo Tolstoy
  28. 28. QUESTIONS?