Benazir Bhutto: Martyr for Democracy
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Benazir Bhutto: Martyr for Democracy

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Slide show about Benazir Bhutto, prime minister of Pakistan from 1988-1990 and 1993-1996.

Slide show about Benazir Bhutto, prime minister of Pakistan from 1988-1990 and 1993-1996.

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  • 1. Benazir Bhutto Martyr for Democracy By: Mackenzie B.
  • 2. Early Life
    • Born on June 27, 1953, in Karachi, Pakistan
    • Parents: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Begum Nusrat Ispahani Bhutto
    • Led a very privileged childhood
    • Gifted with enabling parents
      • Her father was a great advocate for democracy and human rights
  • 3. Education
    • Entered Harvard at 16
    • Earned B.A. at Radcliffe in 1973
    • Studied at Oxford after Harvard
    • Awarded a second degree in 1977
    • First Asian woman president of the Union
  • 4. A Profound Influence
    • Her father, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , served as president and prime minister of Pakistan from 1971 to 1977
    • Believed in equality of men and women
    • Imprisoned by military days after her arrival home
    • Assassinated on the morning of April 4, 1979
  • 5. Path to Prime Minister
    • After her father’s death, Ms. Bhutto worked towards her mother becoming the prime minister
    • Her mother became very ill with lung cancer, and was also developing Alzheimer’s
    • With her mother being ill, Benazir found the whole party (Pakistan People’s Party) was about to collapse, so she stepped in
    • It finally struck her that “looking after” her mother meant that she would become the prime minister
  • 6. A Dream Realized
    • In 1988, at the young age of 35, Ms. Bhutto became prime minister of Pakistan
    • She was the first woman to hold such an office in an Islamic state
    • That dream, however, was short-lived; she was illegally ousted in 1990, having served only half of her full term
    • In 1993 she returned and won a second election, but again was illegally dismissed in 1996
  • 7. Exile
    • Ms. Bhutto’s brother, Mir Musrtaza, leveled charges of corruption at her husband, Asif Ali Zardari
    • Her husband was imprisoned
    • She and her children lived in self-imposed exile for nine years
    • They lived in London, New York, and Dubai, where she continued to advocate the restoration of democracy in Pakistan
  • 8. Return to Pakistan
    • In 2007, amid death threats and the hostility of the government, she returned to her native Pakistan
    • Benazir’s husband, Asif, and their two daughters remained in Dubai
    • On October 18, 2007, Ms. Bhutto stepped off the plane and onto Pakistani soil, overcome with emotion
    • Benazir’s husband’s requests for bulletproof vehicles had been denied, as well as many other provisions to keep her safe
    • From the beginning of the caravan, a group of brave, unarmed young men in white T-shirts surrounded her truck and held hands, making a human shield to protect her with their bodies
    • Mere hours after arriving in Karachi, a suicide bomber attacked her motorcade; she survived the first assassination attempt, but more than 100 bystanders were killed
  • 9. Martyrdom
    • National elections were scheduled for January of 2008, where Benazir was poised for victory where she would once again become prime minister
    • Only a few weeks before the election, December 27, 2007, extremists struck again; after a campaign rally in Rawilpindi, a gunman fired at her car, shooting her in the neck
    • She fell back into the vehicle and a bomb detonated almost immediately, killing the gunman himself and more than 20 bystanders
    • Ms. Bhutto was rushed to the hospital, but soon succumbed to injuries suffered from the attack
  • 10. Conclusion
    • During her time as prime minister, Ms. Bhutto accomplished many things:
      • Brought electricity to the countryside
      • Built schools all over the country
      • Made hunger, housing, and health care her top priorities
    • She truly was an inspiration. Her death is a devastating loss to her country and cause, but her memory will live on, and she will be remembered as one of the most courageous and determined people of our time.