PDU 211 Research Methods: Why Qualitative Research?

  • 188 views
Uploaded on

Paradigm of qualitative research that makes it different from the quantitative one. …

Paradigm of qualitative research that makes it different from the quantitative one.
(Lecture slides mostly in English)

More in: Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
188
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN SEMESTER GASAL 2013/2014 FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA Kuliah VIII - 21 September 2013 WHY QUALITATIVE RESEARCH? ardhiati © 2013 PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 2. Chapter 17. WHY QUALITATIVE RESEARCH? (Howitt & Cramer, 2011) ONE DAY OBJECTIVE Mahasiswa mampu memahami karakteristik desain penelitian kualitatif ardhiati © 2013 PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 3. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya perempuan, usia dewasa muda, ‘berpendidikan’, menarik ardhiati © 2013 mengalami kekerasan dari pacarnya (dipukul, ‘diperkosa’, dicela, dihina) tetap berpacaran PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 4. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya perempuan, usia dewasa muda, ‘berpendidikan’, menarik mengalami kekerasan dari pacarnya (dipukul, ‘diperkosa’, dicela, dihina) tetap berpacaran Hal apa yang mendorong mereka untuk dapat meninggalkan hubungan tersebut? ardhiati © 2013 PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 5. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya KUANTITATIF atau KUALITATIF? perempuan, usia dewasa muda, ‘berpendidikan’, menarik mengalami kekerasan dari pacarnya (dipukul, ‘diperkosa’, dicela, dihina) tetap berpacaran Hal apa yang mendorong mereka untuk dapat meninggalkan hubungan tersebut? ardhiati © 2013 PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 6. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya rambut alis hidung mata bibir dagu ardhiati © 2013 rahang leher PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 7. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya WHAT IS QUALITATIVE RESEARCH rambut alis hidung mata bibir dagu ardhiati © 2013 rahang leher PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 8. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya WHAT IS QUALITATIVE RESEARCH FOKUS: memberikan gambaran/deskripsi berupa kualitas dari data rambut alis hidung mata bibir dagu ardhiati © 2013 rahang leher PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 9. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya WHAT IS QUALITATIVE RESEARCH FOKUS: memberikan gambaran/deskripsi berupa kualitas dari data jarak antar helai rambut alis lebar cuping hidung mata perbandingan lebar atasbawah rahang lebar ardhiati © 2013 bibir dagu leher sudut kemiringan lebar proporsi kanan-kiri panjang PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 10. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya WHAT IS QUALITATIVE RESEARCH FOKUS: memberikan gambaran/deskripsi berupa kualitas dari data tebal jarak antar helai rambut alis mancung lebar cuping hidung mata tipis perbandingan lebar atasbawah bibir rahang sempit lebar dagu leher ardhiati © 2013 sudut kemiringan tebal lebar cekung proporsi kanan-kiri simetris panjang jenjang PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 11. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya WHAT IS QUALITATIVE RESEARCH FOKUS: memberikan gambaran/deskripsi berupa kualitas dari data tebal jarak antar helai rambut alis mancung lebar cuping hidung mata tipis perbandingan lebar atasbawah bibir rahang sempit lebar dagu leher sudut kemiringan tebal lebar cekung proporsi kanan-kiri simetris panjang jenjang KUANTITATIF ardhiati © 2013 PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 12. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya WHAT IS QUALITATIVE RESEARCH FOKUS: memberikan gambaran/deskripsi berupa kualitas dari data tebal jarak antar helai rambut alis mancung lebar cuping hidung mata tipis perbandingan lebar atasbawah bibir rahang sempit lebar dagu leher sudut kemiringan tebal lebar cekung proporsi kanan-kiri simetris panjang jenjang KUANTITATIF KUALITATIF ardhiati © 2013 PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 13. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya WHAT IS QUALITATIVE RESEARCH non-numerical examination and interpretation of observations (data), for the purpose of discovering underlying subjective meanings and patterns of relationships. ardhiati © 2013 PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 14. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya WHAT IS QUALITATIVE RESEARCH non-numerical examination and interpretation of observations (data), for the purpose of discovering underlying subjective meanings and patterns of relationships. ! Tahap pendahuluan (preliminary stage) dalam proses penelitian yang akan berkontribusi terhadap pengembangan kuantitatif. ! Memberikan pemahaman yang lebih menyeluruh terhadap topik penelitian. ! Pengalaman manusia dan interaksi yang dialami terlalu kompleks untuk direduksi menjadi sejumlah kecil variabel -sebagaimana yang biasanya dilakukan jika menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif. ardhiati © 2013 PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 15. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya HISTORY OF QUANTITATIVE-QUALITATIVE DIVIDE + ardhiati © 2013 PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 16. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya HISTORY OF QUANTITATIVE-QUALITATIVE DIVIDE + POSITIVISM methodology of knowledge (how we go about knowing things) and the validation of knowledge (the value of what we learn) ! ! ardhiati © 2013 bisa dibuktikan secara empiris hasilnya bisa diuji kembali PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 17. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya HISTORY OF QUANTITATIVE-QUALITATIVE DIVIDE + POSITIVISM methodology of knowledge (how we go about knowing things) and the validation of knowledge (the value of what we learn) ! ! bisa dibuktikan secara empiris hasilnya bisa diuji kembali The real complaint about positivism is that it operates as if there were permanent, unchanging truths to be found. ardhiati © 2013 PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 18. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya HISTORY OF QUANTITATIVE-QUALITATIVE DIVIDE + POSITIVISM methodology of knowledge (how we go about knowing things) and the validation of knowledge (the value of what we learn) ! ! bisa dibuktikan secara empiris hasilnya bisa diuji kembali The real complaint about positivism is that it operates as if there were permanent, unchanging truths to be found. HOW ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY? to have laws, psychology should observe human behavior accurately ardhiati © 2013 PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 19. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya HISTORY OF QUANTITATIVE-QUALITATIVE DIVIDE + POSITIVISM methodology of knowledge (how we go about knowing things) and the validation of knowledge (the value of what we learn) ! ! bisa dibuktikan secara empiris hasilnya bisa diuji kembali The real complaint about positivism is that it operates as if there were permanent, unchanging truths to be found. HOW ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY? to have laws, psychology should observe human behavior accurately KUANTITATIF ardhiati © 2013 KUALITATIF PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 20. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya CONTINUUM OF QUANTITATIVE-QUALITATIVE KUANTITATIF ardhiati © 2013 KUALITATIF PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 21. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya CONTINUUM OF QUANTITATIVE-QUALITATIVE KUANTITATIF ardhiati © 2013 MIXED KUALITATIF PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 22. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya CONTINUUM OF QUANTITATIVE-QUALITATIVE KUANTITATIF DATA COLLECTION: ! collected using highly structured materials ! relatively highly structured settings ardhiati © 2013 MIXED DATA COLLECTION: ! collect data in quantitative form but use open-ended and less structured material KUALITATIF DATA COLLECTION: ! collected to be as full and complete a picture as the researcher can possibly make it ! natural settings PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 23. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya CONTINUUM OF QUANTITATIVE-QUALITATIVE KUANTITATIF DATA COLLECTION: ! collected using highly structured materials ! MIXED DATA COLLECTION: relatively highly structured settings DATA ANALYSIS: ! analyse the data quantitatively ardhiati © 2013 DATA COLLECTION: DATA ANALYSIS: ! applying qualitative and quantitative analysis ! collected to be as full and complete a picture as the researcher can possibly make it ! ! collect data in quantitative form but use open-ended and less structured material KUALITATIF natural settings DATA ANALYSIS: ! qualitative analysis PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN
  • 24. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya WANT TO KNOW MORE? Howitt, D. & Cramer, D. (2011). Introduction to research methods in psychology (3rd ed.). Harlow, England: Pearson Education Limited. ardhiati © 2013 PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN