PDU 211 Research Methods: Research Design

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What are research designs, based on each characteristics?
(Lecture slides in English and Bahasa Indonesia)

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PDU 211 Research Methods: Research Design

  1. 1. PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN SEMESTER GASAL 2013/2014 FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA Kuliah III - 02 September 2013 RESEARCH DESIGN
  2. 2. PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 Chapter 4. RESEARCH DESIGN (Babbie, 2011) ONE DAY OBJECTIVES • Mahasiswa memahami jenis penelitian berdasarkan tujuan, unit analisis, dan dimensi waktunya; • Mahasiswa memahami aspek-aspek yang perlu dipertimbangkan dalam penyusunan desain penelitian. image Stockphoto.com/René Mansi
  3. 3. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 image commons.wikimedia.org Hal-hal apa saja yang perlu dipertimbangkan sampai bangunan ini terwujud?
  4. 4. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 Topik penelitian: PEREMPUAN PEROKOK image vectorfree.com
  5. 5. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 Topik penelitian: PEREMPUAN PEROKOK Apa yang harus dilakukan sebelum mulai meneliti/melakukan pengambilan data? image vectorfree.com
  6. 6. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 Topik penelitian: PEREMPUAN PEROKOK Apa yang harus dilakukan sebelum mulai meneliti/melakukan pengambilan data? 1. Menspesifikkan sejelas mungkin apa yang ingin diketahui 2. Menentukan cara yang paling tepat untuk mengetahui hal tersebut image vectorfree.com
  7. 7. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 types of research design based on...
  8. 8. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PURPOSES OF RESEARCH TYPES OF RESEARCH DESIGN BASED ON
  9. 9. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PURPOSES OF RESEARCH EXPLORATION DESCRIPTION EXPLANATION TYPES OF RESEARCH DESIGN BASED ON
  10. 10. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PURPOSES OF RESEARCH EXPLORATION explore a topic, examine a new interest or when the subject of study is relatively new DESCRIPTION describing situations and events; the researcher observes and then describes what was observed EXPLANATION answer questions of why situations and events happened TYPES OF RESEARCH DESIGN BASED ON
  11. 11. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PURPOSES OF RESEARCH EXPLORATION explore a topic, examine a new interest or when the subject of study is relatively new CONTOH: aspek-aspek yang berkaitan dengan perempuan perokok DESCRIPTION describing situations and events; the researcher observes and then describes what was observed CONTOH: sikap penduduk Jakarta >< luar Jakarta terhadap perempuan perokok EXPLANATION answer questions of why situations and events happened CONTOH: penyebab munculnya sikap negatif terhadap perempuan perokok TYPES OF RESEARCH DESIGN BASED ON
  12. 12. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 UNITS OF ANALYSIS TYPES OF RESEARCH DESIGN BASED ON
  13. 13. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 UNITS OF ANALYSIS The what or whom being studied. TYPES OF RESEARCH DESIGN BASED ON
  14. 14. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 UNITS OF ANALYSIS The what or whom being studied. INDIVIDUALS Individual human beings. We tend to describe and explain social groups and interactions by aggregating and manipulating the descriptions of individuals. GROUPS Characteristics that belong to one group, considered as a single entity. ORGANIZATIONS Formal social organizations, such as corporations, colleges, army divisions, academic departments, etc. SOCIAL INTERACTIONS What goes between individuals, such as telephone calls, kisses, dancing, arguments, etc. TYPES OF RESEARCH DESIGN BASED ON
  15. 15. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 UNITS OF ANALYSIS The what or whom being studied. SOCIAL ARTIFACTS Any product of social beings or their behavior. Includes concrete objects (books, poems, paintings, etc.) or intangible objects (traffic accidents, divorces, final exams, etc.). TYPES OF RESEARCH DESIGN BASED ON
  16. 16. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 THE TIME DIMENSION TYPES OF RESEARCH DESIGN BASED ON
  17. 17. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 THE TIME DIMENSION ! CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES Involves observations of a sample, or cross section, of a population or phenomenon that are made at one point in a time. ! LONGITUDINAL STUDIES Observations of the same phenomenon over an extended period. TYPES OF RESEARCH DESIGN BASED ON
  18. 18. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 NOMOTHETIC EXPLANATION THE LOGIC OF image vectorfree.com
  19. 19. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 NOMOTHETIC EXPLANATION ! IDIOGRAPHIC we seek a complete, in-depth understanding of a single case THE LOGIC OF ! NOMOTHETIC we try to find a few factors that can account for many of the variations in a given phenomenon image vectorfree.com
  20. 20. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 NOMOTHETIC EXPLANATION ! IDIOGRAPHIC we seek a complete, in-depth understanding of a single case CONTOH: Penyebab perempuan mulai merokok di usia remaja THE LOGIC OF ! NOMOTHETIC we try to find a few factors that can account for many of the variations in a given phenomenon CONTOH: Pengaruh gaya hidup terhadap kecenderungan untuk merokok pada perempuan usia remaja image vectorfree.com
  21. 21. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 THE RESEARCH PROCESS image vectorfree.com
  22. 22. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 THE RESEARCH PROCESS Topik penelitian: PEREMPUAN PEROKOK image vectorfree.com
  23. 23. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 THE RESEARCH PROCESS Topik penelitian: PEREMPUAN PEROKOK Menspesifikkan sejelas mungkin apa yang ingin diketahui Menentukan cara yang paling tepat untuk mengetahui hal tersebut image vectorfree.com
  24. 24. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 THE RESEARCH PROCESS Topik penelitian: PEREMPUAN PEROKOK Menspesifikkan sejelas mungkin apa yang ingin diketahui Menentukan cara yang paling tepat untuk mengetahui hal tersebut image vectorfree.com
  25. 25. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 THE RESEARCH PROCESS
  26. 26. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 WANT TO KNOW MORE? Babbie, E. (2011). The basics of social research (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

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